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Change log entry 69150
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-10 23:38:22 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64681 - submitted by 'sl89' >>
* Antiquity generally means "ancient times", especially the time before the Middle Ages. That is not at all what 古风 means.

【Wenlin】
n[oun].
① ancient practice
② ancient-style poetry

【Pleco】
NOUN
1 ancient customs; antiquities
2 VARIANT OF 古体诗
a form of pre-Tang poetry, usu. having five or seven characters to each line, without strict tonal patterns or rhyme schemes (opp. 近体诗)

【LAC】
1. 古代风尚,多指朴实的风格。
| 这栋建筑很有~。
2. 一种诗体。每首诗句数不拘,有四言、五言、六言、七言、杂言诸体。用韵、平仄、对仗均无定则。也作「古诗」、「古体诗」。

【MoE】
古人的风尚。
| 南朝宋.谢灵运〈祭古冢文〉:「仰羡古风,为君改卜。」

【规范】
1 名 古代的风俗习惯、社会风尚; 也指俭朴淳厚的风尚。
2 名 指古体诗。


诗人用许多伊丽莎白时代的词语使她的作品有古风.
The poet archaized her work with many Elizabethan words.

这间亭子具有古风。
The pavilion has an antiquated appearance.

每个国家都有其纯朴的古风和合适的礼仪;
Every country has its own age-old traditions and rules of etiquette which are suited to its people.

在西洋家庭里,丈母娘跟女婿间的争斗,是至今保存的古风,我们中国家庭里婆婆和媳妇的敌视,也不输他们那样悠久的历史。
In Western families the fighting between mother and son-in-law is an old custom preserved to this day.In Chinese families, the animosity between mother and daughter-in-law has a history no less lengthy.

As we reflect over the last year at the onset of the new, we pay tribute to a host of people who have embraced this spirit of maintaining the basics. In a fast-paced era of ruthless strategies and superficial images, they maintain a touch of something from days gone by and also show far-reaching vision.
歲末年初,回顧過去一年,我們欣見許多人擁抱基本功的價值和精神,堅守崗位。在這個講究速度、權謀、表象,甚而只問目的、不擇手段的時代,他們看來懷抱著古風,且目光遠大。
https://www.taiwan-panorama.com/Articles/Details?Guid=e7440d41-ef6b-472a-8fb8-4934eb56842c&CatId=1

在桃源县想看到老幼黄发垂髫,怡然自乐的光景,并不容易。不过或者因为历史的传统,地方人倒很和气,保存一点古风 。
沈从文《湘西》

倾国倾城,天字第一号外国美人是埃及女皇克娄巴德拉--埃及的古风 是女人愈象猫愈算得美。
钱钟书《猫》

掌柜回来的时候,帮忙的人早吃过饭;因为鲁镇还有些古风,所以不上一更,便都回家睡觉了。
By the time the manager got back, the helpers had long since eaten. Since Lu Town still preserved some ancient customs, well before the First Watch everyone had already gone home and to bed. (Lyell)
By the time the landlord came back the other helpers had finished their meal. And Luzhen being rather old-fashioned, they all went home to sleep before the first watch. (Yangs)
By seven o'clock, the hired help had finished their dinner and - Luzhen being an old-fashioned kind of a place - taken themselves off to bed, (Lovell)
鲁迅《明天》

* * *
※ 古体诗

【Wenlin】
n. a form of pre-Tang poetry usually having five/seven characters per line

【Pleco】
NOUN
a form of pre-Tang poetry, usu. having five or seven characters to each line, without strict tonal patterns or rhyme schemes (opp. 近体诗)

【LAC】
一种诗体。每首诗句数不拘,有四言、五言、六言、七言、杂言诸体。用韵、平仄、对仗均无定则(与「今体诗」、「近体诗」相区别)。也作「古诗」、「古风」。

【MoE】
诗歌的一种型体。相对于近体诗而言。每句有四言、五言、六言、七言等,句数无限制,用韵无定则,不拘平仄对偶。简称为「古诗」。

【规范】
名 唐代近体诗产生以前除楚辞以外的各种诗歌的统称。这种诗体格律自由, 用韵较宽, 句数不限(跟“近体诗”相区别)。
(也说古风、古诗。)

* * *
※ 近体诗

【Wenlin】
n. “modern style” poetry of Tang

NOUN
“modern style” poetry, referring to innovations in classical poetry during the Tang Dynasty (618-907), marked by strict tonal patterns and rhyme schemes (opp. 古体诗)

【LAC】
一种诗体。兴盛于唐代,有绝句、律诗、排律三种格式。除排律外,其字数、句数、平仄、对仗、声律等都有严格的限制(与「古诗」、「古体诗」相区别)。也作「今体诗」。

【MoE】
包括绝句、律诗、排律等形式,约形成于唐代,相对于古体诗而言。声韵有定则,且除排律外,句数都有限制。也称为「今体诗」。

【规范】
名 指唐代形成的格律诗。包括律诗和绝句(跟“古体诗”相区别)。这种诗体在句数、字数、用韵、平仄和对仗等方面都有严格的要求。
(也说今体诗。)

* * *
※ 今体诗

【LAC】
一种诗体。兴盛于唐代,有绝句、律诗、排律三种格式。除排律外,其字数、句数、平仄、对仗、声律等都有严格的限制(与「古诗」、「古体诗」相区别)。也作「近体诗」。

【MoE】
凡绝句、律诗、排律,皆属于今体诗。形成于唐代。相对于古体诗而言。唐.张籍〈酬秘书王丞见寄〉诗:「今体诗中偏出格,常参官里每同班。」也称为「近体诗」。

【规范】
名 近体诗。
Diff:
- 古風 古风 [gu3 feng1] /antiquity/
+ 古風 古风 [gu3 feng1] /old style/old custom/a pre-Tang Dynasty genre of poetry aka 古體詩|古体诗[ɡu3 ti3 shi1]/
+ 古體詩 古体诗 [gu3 ti3 shi1] /a pre-Tang Dynasty genre of poetry, relatively free in form, usually having four, five, six or seven characters per line/
+ 近體詩 近体诗 [jin4 ti3 shi1] /a genre of poetry, developed in the Tang Dynasty, characterized by its strict form/
+ 今體詩 今体诗 [jin1 ti3 shi1] /same as 近體詩|近体诗[jin4 ti3 shi1]/

Change log entry 69149
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-10 23:26:02 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64272 - submitted by 'polaris' >>
1、硅脂-百度百科
https://baike.baidu.com/item/%E7%A1%85%E8%84%82

2、崔巍等: "高导热高绝缘导热硅脂的制备及性能表征",
From https://patents.google.com/patent/CN103421325A/ko

3、被骗很久!这才是给CPU涂硅脂正确方法...
From https://news.mydrivers.com/1/530/530521.htm

4、散热不好?你的硅脂用对了吗?
From http://www.cfan.com.cn/2018/0601/130913.shtml
Diff:
+ 硅脂 硅脂 [gui1 zhi3] /silicone grease/

Change log entry 69141
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-10 06:01:59 GMT)
Comment: typo - gridiron
Diff:
- 支子 支子 [zhi1 zi5] /support/stand/trivet/(cooking utensil) gridrion/(variant of 梔子|栀子[zhi1 zi5]) cape jasmine/
+ 支子 支子 [zhi1 zi5] /support/stand/trivet/(cooking utensil) gridiron/(variant of 梔子|栀子[zhi1 zi5]) cape jasmine/

Change log entry 69140
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-10 01:47:37 GMT)
Comment: moving "fig."
Diff:
- 藥到病除 药到病除 [yao4 dao4 bing4 chu2] /lit. the disease is cured the moment the medicine is taken (idiom)/(of a medical treatment) to give instant results/fig. (of a solution or method) highly effective/
+ 藥到病除 药到病除 [yao4 dao4 bing4 chu2] /lit. the disease is cured the moment the medicine is taken (idiom)/fig. (of a medical treatment) to give instant results/(of a solution or method) highly effective/

Change log entry 69139
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-10 01:42:56 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65403 >>
https://baike.baidu.com/item/支子/677079
Diff:
# 支子 支子 [zhi1 zi] /concubine's son; stand; gridiron; cape jasmine fruit/
+ 支子 支子 [zhi1 zi5] /support/stand/trivet/(cooking utensil) gridrion/(variant of 梔子|栀子[zhi1 zi5]) cape jasmine/
+ 支子 支子 [zhi1 zi3] /son of a concubine or son of the wife other than her first/

Change log entry 69130
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-09 12:28:00 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64944 - submitted by 'sl89' >>
【LAC】
不看好(有鄙视的意思)。
| 他〜这次计划的可行性。


但一些长期对牛市行情持怀疑态度的分析师却没有变本加厉地唱衰股市,而是认定股市已接近触底。
Yet rather than double down on their bearish take, some long-time market skeptics decided a bottom was near.

更为恶劣的是,他们非但没有提高自身的素质,反而不断唱衰经济复苏前景,这样一来,公众就不会将糟糕的经济状况怪罪到他们的头上了。
Remarkably, rather than improve their game, economists are now busy dampening down expectations so that the public will not hold them responsible for the state of the economy.

As this "best of Taiwan" story continues up to the present, we know the blaze didn't extinguish the Shiues' business. That year, amid public pessimism, they built a temporary structure to keep up production, then took things step by step.
「台灣之最」的故事走到現在,無情的火災當然沒有澆熄薛丕拱父子的事業之路,當年他們在眾人唱衰聲中,硬是以搭建臨時棚架趕工生產的方式,戰勝危機。
https://www.taiwan-panorama.com/Articles/Details?Guid=62d65c41-8f40-4eb6-93ff-efa1fe9d6a65&CatId=1

在這歷史的交接點,最忙的,怕是政治人物了!銅鑼灣地鐵邊,一出站,賣獎券的寫著標語:「反倒退,不撤退,跨越九七,進軍九八,獎券行籌款活動,每張二十元,請多支持。」被港特首董建華形容到國外「唱衰香港」的民主黨正在募款。
At this historic crossroads, perhaps the busiest people are political activists. As soon as you leave the Causeway Bay underground station, you see a slogan for the sale of lottery tickets: "Oppose retrogression, never retreat; carry on through 1997 and fight on into 1998. Fund-raising lottery, HK$20 per ticket, please give us your support." This is a fund-raising activity for the Democratic Party, which has been described by Tung Chee-hwa as going around the world "singing a funeral march for Hong Kong."
https://www.taiwan-panorama.com/Articles/Details?Guid=f48b9b59-9a3b-44a0-9946-359be9fa796a&CatId=1
----------------------------------

Editor: the 'g' in 'chang4' as submitted was a "script g" (Unicode 0261)
Diff:
# 唱衰 唱衰 [chanɡ4 shuai1] /to express pessimistic views about (sth)/
+ 唱衰 唱衰 [chang4 shuai1] /to express pessimistic views about (sth)/

Change log entry 69129
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-09 12:05:36 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65404 >>
https://baike.baidu.com/item/江山/2340

This expression can also mean "state power" based on the context.
Diff:
- 江山 江山 [jiang1 shan1] /rivers and mountains/landscape/country/
+ 江山 江山 [jiang1 shan1] /rivers and mountains/landscape/country/state power/

Change log entry 69128
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-09 12:01:54 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65530 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Found in ABC, PLC, OCC, GF

Web
神气活现,汉语成语,拼音是shén qì huó xiàn,意思是自以为了不起而显示出来的得意和傲慢的样子。出自《一个秋天晚上》。
他取得了那么一点儿成绩,便~起来,真是让人接受不了。
---------------------------------------

Editor: We've already added this to the dictionary from another contributor's submission.
Diff:
# 神氣活現 神气活现 [shen2 qi4 huo2 xian4] /very cocky/high and mighty/

Change log entry 69126
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-09 11:43:04 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 62691 - submitted by 'sl89' >>
* MoE gives the pronunciation xuánchuǎn, but 规范词典 gives xuánchuǎi as the pronunciation, with the note 「“揣”这里不读chuāi或chuài。」. All dictionaries I have access to agree. I can find no evidence of the character 揣 ever being pronounced chuǎn, much less as part of the word 悬揣. Unihan has six readings for this character, none of which is chuǎn (chuāi, chuǎi, chuài, duǒ, zhuī, tuán).

【Wenlin】
v. suppose; guess; speculate; conjecture

【Pleco】
speculate; conjecture

【MoE】
凭空揣测、猜想。如:「你的话没有事实根据,只是悬揣而已。」

【规范】
动 凭空猜想
| 不得妄加悬揣。



你总是凭空悬揣没有科学依据。
You always conjecture without scientific basis.

是深深尝了世间味,探了艺术之宫的,却回过来过那种通常以为枯寂的持律念佛的生活,他的态度该是怎样,他的言论该是怎样,实在难以悬揣 。
叶圣陶:两法师

这样说来,我的小说和艺术的距离之远,也就可想而知了,然而到今日还能蒙着小说的名,甚而至于且有成集的机会,无论如何总不能不说是一件侥幸的事,但侥幸虽使我不安于心,而悬揣 人间暂时还有读者,则究竟也仍然是高兴的。
鲁迅:《呐喊》自序
Diff:
+ 懸揣 悬揣 [xuan2 chuai3] /to speculate/to conjecture/

Change log entry 69125
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-09 11:37:19 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65703 - submitted by 'sl89' >>
【Wenlin】
f[ixed].e[xpression]. As the medicine takes effect, the symptoms lessen/vanish.

【LAC】
形容药效很快或医术高明;也比喻方法正确。
| 吃下去就不咳了,真是~
| ~,企业很快复苏。

【MoE】
形容藥效很好或醫術高明。如:「他是位名醫,往往能使病人藥到病除。」

【规范】
形容医术高明; 也比喻方法正确, 能解决问题。


奥巴马政府的金融业改革方案是否能切中要害,药到病除?
Would the Obama administration’s plan for financial reform do what has to be done?

许多病人期望医生是药到病除的妙手神医。
Many patients expect their doctors to do miracles in the way of instant relief.


由於西藥藥到病除的效力,也引起人體許多的副作用,而中藥療效緩和、安全,加上自然療法、健康食物風行,如今中藥材逐漸「東風西漸」。
Though offering immediate results, Western medicines often have bad side effects, whereas traditional Chinese medicines are usually safe and mild.
https://www.taiwan-panorama.com/Articles/Details?Guid=b13ac98c-16c6-4dc7-9f93-0b97084c6200&CatId=1

河明以佳餚作為比喻,精細的美食還是需要火候才燒得入味,這不是年輕人速成就能學會的,「這是銀髮工作者最大的價值。真正遇到疑難雜症,還是要靠老醫生的經驗和專業,才能藥到病除。」
To elaborate, Huang goes on to talk about cooking-a good meal needs time to cook and to reach its optimal flavor, and this is something younger people can't force themselves to learn quickly. "That's the value of older people in the workforce: only an older doctor, with years of experience, knows how to cure the worst diseases."
https://www.taiwan-panorama.com/Articles/Details?Guid=ad69bde5-3180-483b-93dd-5a28aca956a4&CatId=3

一直到今天,拜藥師佛的佛教徒還以「藥師如來神咒」替病人治病。
首先必須洗澡漱口,保持身口的潔淨,然後對病人吃的食物或所服的藥湯藥丸,持咒念一百零八遍,才給病人服食,據說這樣有藥到病除的功能。
Even today Buddhists who worship him can cure the sick in his name. They must cleanse themselves by bathing and rinsing out their mouths and then recite a sacred formula 108 times over the food or medicine to be given to the sick person.
https://www.taiwan-panorama.com/Articles/Details?Guid=8c6d178b-2c6e-4d99-b46e-2b35ad5b1295&CatId=1

西藥在發現之初,確實對某種疾病有藥到病除之效,卻往往在使用的幾年後被發現有副作用。許多人身受其害的抗生素即是一例。今日特效藥,明日致命傷,常常使得管理藥物者不得不加以限量、禁用,最後甚至淘汰。
Many Western medicines that have been effective at first in curing certain diseases have later been found to have harmful side effects, antibiotics being a prime example for many people. The wonder drug of today may be proven a lethal poison and pulled from the market tomorrow.
https://www.taiwan-panorama.com/Articles/Details?Guid=1eba1451-ead0-495e-9070-a33254d0c074&CatId=1
Diff:
# 藥到病除 药到病除 [yao4 dao4 bing4 chu2] /lit. the disease is cured the moment the medicine is taken (describes a highly effective medicine or treatment)/highly effective/
+ 藥到病除 药到病除 [yao4 dao4 bing4 chu2] /lit. the disease is cured the moment the medicine is taken (idiom)/(of a medical treatment) to give instant results/fig. (of a solution or method) highly effective/

Change log entry 69124
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-09 09:57:21 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65588 - submitted by 'goldyn_chyld' >>
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-cn/%E9%82%BB%E8%8B%AF%E4%BA%8C%E7%94%B2%E9%85%B8%E9%85%AF
Diff:
+ 鄰苯二甲酸酯 邻苯二甲酸酯 [lin2 ben3 er4 jia3 suan1 zhi3] /phthalate (chemistry)/

Change log entry 69121
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-08 11:51:22 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65589 - submitted by 'sl89' >>
This really is used as a phonetic translation for anything that is called slime in English, including the material kids play with, toys, video game characters, etc. A list of things called 史莱姆 on Wikipedia: https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E5%8F%B2%E8%8E%B1%E5%A7%86

Wikipedia has 「鬼口水」 as the word used in Taiwan, at least for the gooey substance used as toy. I don't know how common it is, and I'm also seeing 史莱姆 in Taiwanese sources.


【史莱姆 (玩具)】
史莱姆,又称鬼口水,是一款由瓜尔豆胶制造,以硼砂、白胶浆混合而成的果冻状玩具,并于塑料桶中包装出售,为美泰公司于1976年冬季推出之产品。 最简易制造方法是用胶水加硼砂混合而成。
https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E9%AC%BC%E5%8F%A3%E6%B0%B4
[Linked to "Slime (toy)" ("Slime was a toy product manufactured by Mattel, sold in a plastic trash can and introduced in February 1976."), would be better linked to "Flubber (material)": https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flubber_(material)]


網路暱稱「史萊姆」的數位文化協會創辦人徐挺耀指出,雖然政府部門及財團基金會都不乏「下鄉教電腦」的弭平數位落差計畫,但往往僅提供制式課程,民眾必須跟著既定腳步,從word、excel等基本文書處理學起,「既無聊又艱澀,所以很多人一堂課都上不完就落跑了!」
ADCT founder Tim Shyu, whose online handle is "Slime," notes that although the government and some foundations also offer courses to people in rural areas in an effort to close the digital gap, these are generally pre-packaged with prescribed steps that prove both boring and difficult. People have to start from learning word processing software like MS Office, "so a lot of people can't even sit through the first class before they scurry away."
https://www.taiwan-panorama.com/Articles/Details?Guid=69b69599-a967-49aa-9029-2d8191f74776&CatId=11

史莱姆(Slime)有什么好玩的?
https://www.zhihu.com/question/286706692/answer/724011374

为什么游戏里初级怪物经常是哥布林或者是史莱姆?
https://www.zhihu.com/question/20578838/answer/514098639

暑假瘋玩「史萊姆」 女童手指腫如香腸
https://news.ltn.com.tw/news/life/paper/1313613

小学生热衷自制“史莱姆” 含硼砂须谨慎
http://www.chinanews.com/life/2017/12-07/8394759.shtml

玩具“史莱姆”泥或含有毒物硼砂
http://health.sina.com.cn/hc/2018-03-29/doc-ifyssmmc0840089.shtml
Diff:
+ 史萊姆 史莱姆 [shi3 lai2 mu3] /slime (loanword)/

Change log entry 69118
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-08 10:22:56 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64930 - submitted by 'sl89' >>
* Simply “same as 斑竹[ban1 zhu2]” will also do, but I think explaining the name 湘妃竹 is useful.

【Wenlin】
n. mottled bamboo

【Pleco】
NOUN
mottled bamboo; bamboo of the Ladies of the Xiang (湘妃)—a spotted variety bamboo (from the legend that the two sister-queens of the sage King Shun (舜), called “Ladies of the Xiang,” wept so copiously after Shun died that their tears speckled the bamboos)

【规范】
名 斑竹。相传帝舜南巡苍梧而死, 他的两个妃子娥皇、女英在湘水上望着苍梧山哭泣, 眼泪洒在竹子上, 成了斑点, 故称。
(也说湘竹。)

【Wikipedia】
斑竹(学名:Phyllostachys bambusoides f. lacrima-deae)又称湘妃竹。是禾本科竹亚科刚竹属植物桂竹的变型,但也很可能只是桂竹的异名而已。

七斤一手捏着象牙嘴白铜斗六尺多长的湘妃竹烟管,低着头,慢慢地走来,坐在矮凳上。
As he came home on this particular evening, Sevenpounder walked rather slowly. In one hand he held a pipe that was over six feet long. Made of Consorts Xiang bamboo, it boasted an ivory mouthpiece and a small pewter bowl. Head bowed, he sat down on one of the low stools. (Lyell)
In one hand Sevenpounder held a speckled bamboo pipe over six feet long with an ivory mouthpiece and a pewter bowl. He walked slowly over, his head bent, and sat on one of the low stools. (Yangs)
Head bowed, Seven-Pounds made his way slowly over to a stool and sat down, still holding his six-foot speckled bamboo pipe with its ivory mouth and pewter bowl. (Lovell)
鲁迅《风波》

舜皇帝死了,娥皇女英两姊妹去哭他,眼泪洒在竹上成为了湘妃竹。
郭沫若《棠棣之花》第四幕

从此,湖南就有了特产“斑竹”,也叫“湘妃竹”。
This, some people said, was the origin of a special indigenous plant of Hunan known as mottled bamboo, also known as Xiang Ladies bamboo.
Diff:
+ 湘妃竹 湘妃竹 [xiang1 fei1 zhu2] /same as 斑竹[ban1 zhu2], mottled bamboo, since according to legend the spots on mottled bamboo are marks left by the tears shed by two of King Shun's 舜[Shun4] concubines (Ehuang 娥皇[E2 huanɡ2] and Nüying 女英[Nü3 yinɡ1], known as the Concubines of the Xiang 湘妃[Xiang1 Fei1]) upon learning of his death/

Change log entry 69115
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-08 10:07:32 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65226 - submitted by 'sl89' >>
【现代汉语大词典】
1 树木的末端。
2 船尾。
| 茅盾《子夜》:船上的水手先把那舢板带住, 一个人湿淋淋地也扳着舢板的后梢, 透出水面来了。


船上的水手先把那舢板带住,一个人湿淋淋地也扳着舢板的后梢,透出水面来了。
One of the crew managed to hook the sampan with his bamboo pole. In the water, clinging to the stern of the sampan was a man with only his head showing above the water.

在后梢, 听到大娘同五多谈着柴米.
At the stern, Madam and Wuduo were talking.
[沈从文《丈夫》]

晚春的夕阳,完全没人了地平线,周遭的暮色变得越来越浓;沿河两岸,亮起了星星点点的灯火;反映着最后一抹青灰色天光的河水,悄没声息地从船舷下流过。从后梢 传来了轻柔而有节奏的橹声……
刘斯奋《白门柳》

今天一早上,本来应当有机会同媳妇谈到乡下事情了,女人又说要上岸过七里桥烧香,派他一个人守船。坐船上等了半天,还不见人回,到后梢 去看河上景致,一切新奇不同,只给自己发闷。
沈从文《丈夫》

老船工在后梢 掌着橹,陈化南同志拿了一只拖把站在船头上,防备着船撞上桥基。
《人民日报》1950年09月06日


我们的船向前走,两岸的青山在黄昏中,都装成了深黛颜色,连着退向船后梢去。
As we proceeded upriver, the twilight-green mountains on either bank took on deeper hues and joined together in a single blue-green mass as they fled away into the distance behind the stern. (Lyell)
As we set off, the green mountains on either side of the river became deep blue in the dusk, receding towards the stern of the boat. (Yangs)
Our boat edged forward: deep blue in the descending dusk, the green mountains to either side slipped away behind us. (Lovell)
鲁迅《故乡》
Diff:
+ 後梢 后梢 [hou4 shao1] /stern (of a boat)/

Change log entry 69109
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-08 07:15:33 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65433 - submitted by 'sl89' >>
【MoE】
口舌迟钝,不善于言谈。
| 《后汉书.卷六七.党锢传.刘儒传》:「郭林宗常谓儒口讷心辩,有珪璋之质。」
也作「口钝」。

【现代汉语大词典】
说话迟钝。
| 鲁迅《阿Q正传》:(阿Q)估量了对手, 口讷的他便骂, 气力小的他便打。


一犯讳,不问有心与无心,阿Q便全疤通红的发起怒来,估量了对手,口讷的他便骂,气力小的他便打;然而不知怎么一回事,总还是阿Q吃亏的时候多。
> Whether it was intentional or not, if anyone should violate this taboo, Ah Q would seethe with anger until every last one of his scabies scars would flush its deepest red. Then he would size up his opponent: if it happened to be someone who stuttered so badly that he couldn't get the second word out after the first, Ah Q would curse him up one side and down the other; if it was someone so puny and weak that he could hardly stand, Ah Q would start a fight. And yet, strange to tell, in all such encounters Ah Q somehow still managed to come out the loser more often than not. (Lyell)
> Whenever this taboo was disregarded, whether intentionally or not, Ah Q would fly into a rage, his ringworm scars turning scarlet. He would look over the offender, and if it were someone weak in repartee he would curse him, while if it were a poor fighter he would hit him. Yet, curiously enough, it was usually Ah Q who was worsted in these encounters, (Yangs)
> Any flaunting of the taboo - whether deliberate or accidental - provoked first the controversial scars to glow a furious red. Ah-Q would then size up his adversary: the dull-witted he would subject to a tongue-lashing; the weak he would punch in the nose. The curious thing, though, was how often -in fact, almost always - Ah-Q came off worse. (Lovell)
鲁迅《阿Q正传》


这是因为孩子们或者不理解这些故事,或者不喜欢。他们不知道怎样运用自己的语言去清晰、完整、吸引人地去表达自己的情感和意愿,更加不知道怎样才能恰如其分地体现别人的作品。但是如果根据孩子的特点,进行科学而有针对性地训练,那么再“口讷 ”的孩子都会变得“口如悬河”。
张立行《文汇报》2001-9-12【她教的孩子口齿伶俐——记本市儿童语言训练专家梁海燕】

于是富萍就到了奶奶这里。奶奶其实还很年轻,十六岁出来,在上海呆了三十年,在上海已经很自如了。说话都是夹着上海话的乡音。每天晚上,富萍跟奶奶一头一脚地睡一张床。白天就跟了奶奶,垂着头做针线。奶奶教了她各种针法。富萍长了一张圆脸,有些团和厚。她极少说话,有些口讷 。
王安忆《文汇报》2000-8-5【富萍】

一位身着藏青色运动服,手拎绛红的安全帽,中等个头的人站在门口。
“你找错门了吧。”开门的年轻人纳闷地问。
“没错呀,我是应约来修理电冰箱的。”黄省三微笑着回答。
年轻人脸红口讷 起来:“我,我没东西修理。”
“信不是你写的吗?”黄省三有点奇怪。
“事情是这样子的,”年轻人把黄省三让进屋后,愧疚地说:“经常在报刊上看到你为人民服务的事迹,我和朋友们不信,就写信试试看,还打了赌,没想到你真的来了。真对不起……”
钟兆云《福建日报》1992-10-13 【无悔的选择——记全国五一劳动奖章获得者、省优秀共产党员黄省三】
Diff:
# 口訥 口讷 [kou3 ne4] /inarticulate/
+ 口訥 口讷 [kou3 ne4] /(literary) inarticulate/

Change log entry 69108
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-08 07:08:42 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64553 - submitted by 'monigeria' >>
I've seen clothing stores advertising that they have the latest in IP clothing, which is a funny thing to promote but I guess it's catching on.

ex:
· 针对文化IP(intellectual property,即知识产权)评价中的“唯流量论”、恶意炒作等不良现象,日前举行的第十三届北京文博会发布了《面向高质量的发展:2017—2018年度IP评价报告》,首次从国家文化建设的角度评价和思考IP成长与培育,避免商业利益的过度影响。对于文化产业来说,此举有助于为IP建设树立路标,从而构建属于当代中国的文化符号。
· 以发掘中国传统文化经典IP为创作源的国产动画片,具有旺盛的生命力和广泛的受众基础。
· 自然语义理解、图像识别、视频增强等技术的出现,也让利用人工智能重制经典IP,突然火成了一门潮流的生意。
--------------------------------------------

Editor: Web snippets:

"the filmmaker was in Beijing to attend the press launch for The King of Blaze, a tele­vision series created from – what else? – IP, in this case You Su-lan’s popular Taiwanese manga from 1991."

"A lot of industry players mark 2015 as the first year of IP movies. "

"Chinese investors’ appetite for purchasing intellectual property (IP) for adaptation has been growing since 2015. But the amount spent acquiring IP remains far lower than in developed markets."
Diff:
# IP IP [I P] /intellectual property (i.e.: licensed content)/
+ ! IP IP [I P] /intellectual property (in China, esp. since 2015, often used as an entertainment industry term for a creative work used as the basis of a new product, such as a manga adapted as a tv series, or the image of a cartoon character appearing on merchandise)/
+ ! IP劇 IP剧 [I P ju4] /screen adaptation (TV series or movie based on an online novel or video game etc)/

Change log entry 69106
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-08 03:58:51 GMT)
Comment: It's two words - road sign
https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/road%20sign
https://www.lexico.com/definition/road_sign
Diff:
- 路標 路标 [lu4 biao1] /a roadsign/
+ 路標 路标 [lu4 biao1] /road sign/

Change log entry 69105
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-08 00:55:34 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65693 - submitted by 'sl89' >>
* Seems to mostly be used as part of the expression 同仇敌忾/敌忾同仇 (first variant is in the dict.). In this expression 敌忾 refers to hatred towards a common enemy, but I think 敌忾 by itself can be just hatred towards *one's* (perceived) enemy. In the quotation from 阿Q正传 below, Ah-Q, who hates nuns, feels 敌忾 when he sees one. This hatred is not shared.

【Wenlin】
n. hatred toward the enemy

【Pleco】
hatred towards the enemy

【MoE】
語本《左傳.文公四年》:「諸侯敵王所愾,而獻其功。」指共同抵禦大家所憤恨的人。
| 《東周列國志.第七一回》:「安得穰苴今日起,大張敵愾慰蒼生。」


将到酒店门口,早已有些高兴了。
但对面走来了静修庵里的小尼姑。阿Q便在平时,看见伊也一定要唾骂,而况在屈辱之后呢?他于是发生了回忆,又发生了敌忾了。
> He headed away toward the wineshop and by the time he drew near the door he had long since begun to feel quite happy again.
But walking straight toward him was a young Buddhist nun from the Convent of Silent Cultivation. Even in ordinary times, Ah Q would always have spit whenever he ran across a nun and now, having just been humiliated, he had all the more reason. At this point he began to think back over his day and once again began itching for revenge. (Lyell)
> He walked slowly away and by the time he approached the tavern door he was quite cheerful again.
Just then, however, a little nun from the Convent of Quiet Self-Improvement came walking towards him. The sight of a nun always made Ah Q swear; how much more so, then, after these humiliations? When he recalled what had happened, his anger flared up again. (Yangs)
> By the time he reached the entrance to the tavern, he was feeling rather pleased with life.
A young nun from the Convent of Quiet Cultivation advanced towards him. She would have got a heckle out of him at the best of times, and now, with the memory of his recent humiliations fresh in his mind, was no time to hold back. Bile rose up at the memory of the day's debacles. (Lovell)
鲁迅,《阿Q正传》

我记得在这回北平沦陷期间,日本人及其同侪曾再西提出火烧圆明园这一案,来唤起我们对大英帝国的敌忾 。我不好说啥。纵说,也不好说他们错。
俞平伯《我生的那一年》

但在团体方面,陈白与女角萝的名字,为众人习惯连在一处提及的已经有了多日,这就是说他们的恋爱已到成了公开的事实。因为这理由,这大学生对于陈白抱了一种敌忾 ,也就很久了。
沈从文《一个女剧员的生活》
Diff:
+ 敵愾 敌忾 [di2 kai4] /hatred felt toward one's enemies/

Change log entry 69104
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-08 00:51:59 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65141 - submitted by 'goldyn_chyld' >>
鮪魚肚俗稱:啤酒肚。

https://www.managertoday.com.tw/english/vocabulary/view/903
----------------------------

Editor: I get totally different GV results ~
"鲔鱼肚" - About 22,800 results
"鮪魚肚" - About 5,150,000 results
Diff:
# 鮪魚肚 鲔鱼肚 [wei3 yu2 du4] /(coll.) beer belly/
+ 鮪魚肚 鲔鱼肚 [wei3 yu2 du4] /(cuisine) tuna belly/(Tw) (fig.) (coll.) potbelly/paunch/

Change log entry 69092
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-07 08:47:28 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65346 - submitted by 'sl89' >>
【Wenlin】
① brother

【LAC】
1. 兄长的自称。
| ~我敢保证,有我在没人敢欺负你。

【MoE】
1. 称谓:(1) 兄长的自称。
| 《晋书.卷八五.刘毅传》:「老兄试为卿答。」


又倘使他有一位老兄或令弟叫阿富,那一定是阿贵了;而他又只是一个人:写作阿贵,也没有佐证的。
> Again, if he'd had an elder or younger brother named Ah Fu, written with the fu that means "riches," then Ah Q's QUEI would certainly be written with the character meaning "high rank" so as to balance it. But Ah Q was a loner, and so I've got no evidence in favor of the word meaning "high rank" either. (Lyell)
> Again, if he had had an elder or younger brother called Ah Fu (prosperity), then he would certainly be called Ah Gui (nobility). But he was all on his own; thus there is no justification for writing Ah Gui (nobility). (Yangs)
> Or again, if he had had a brother called Fu, 'Prosperous', then the gui of 'noble' would have had a strong parallel logic. But since no such sibling has ever been traced, such a spelling is unjustifiable. (Lovells)
鲁迅《阿Q正传》
---------------------------------

Editor: adding the sense mentioned in LA and M (兄长的自称)
Diff:
- 老兄 老兄 [lao3 xiong1] /'old chap' (form of address between male friends)/
# + 老兄 老兄 [lao3 xiong1] /elder brother/'old chap' (form of address between male friends)/
+ 老兄 老兄 [lao3 xiong1] /elder brother (often used self-referentially)/(form of address between male friends) old chap/buddy/

Change log entry 69091
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-07 08:07:18 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65684 - submitted by 'monigeria' >>
The entry for 好香 that we just had reminded me of this.

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%E7%9C%9F%E9%A6%99
真香
1. (Internet slang, neologism) used to describe someone doing something that he or she had previously swore never to do [from 2014]
2. Used other than with a figurative or idiomatic meaning: see 真,‎ 香.

https://baike.baidu.com/item/%E7%9C%9F%E9%A6%99/22700736?fr=aladdin
该词的意思是指一个人下定决心不去或去做一件事情,最后的行为却截然相反。主要用来表示某人预计的事情和最后的结果截然不同的一种心理状态。

http://www.eyeshenzhen.com/content/2018-12/12/content_21273916.htm
12

Meaning:

“真” means “really,” and “香” means “tasting good.” Voted one of top popular catch phrases of the year by search engine Sogou, this term originated from a Mango TV reality show called “The Deformation,” which captured the reactions of different people when given a huge role change. In one episode, Wang Jingze, a boy from a rich family in a big city, was thrown into a rural village to live a few days. Wang said he would rather die than eat their local food at first, but at the end of his stay he claimed the food was so good that Chinese netizens came to use this term as a metaphor for one’s self-contradictory words or actions.

Example:

A: 王阿姨说要给你介绍个女朋友。

Wáng āyí shuō yào gěi nǐ jièshào ge nǚ péngyou。

Aunt Wang said she would set up a date for you.

B: 我都不报希望,又漂亮又能干的女生哪里要等人介绍男朋友?

Wǒ dōu bú bào xīwàng,yòu piāoliàng yòu nénggàn de nǚshēng nǎlǐ yào děng rén jièshào nánpéngyou?

I don’t really count on her. If the girl is pretty and capable, she will not have to wait for someone else to set her up.

A: 那可不一定,别到时候又说真香。

Nà kě bù yīdìng,bié dàoshíhòu yòu shuō zhēnxiāng。

You can’t be too certain. You may go against your words.

https://pandaily.com/you-call-yourself-a-real-chinese-see-if-you-know-the-hottest-15-buzzwords-of-2018-in-china/
4. So Delicious! (真香警告)

真香 can be roughly translated as “so delicious”, and 警告 just means “warning”. A term mocking hypocrites and people who break their promises easily.

The term actually originated from a 2014 scene on X-change, a reality show airing on Hunan TV. The show arranges urbanites and rural participants to swap lives temporarily for a change. One pampered urbanite on the show, Wang Jingze, refused to eat meals served to him in the village, vowing, “I, Wang Jingze, would rather die than touch your food!” Then the next scene cuts to Wang digging heartily into his bowl, exclaiming, “Shit! So delicious!” as he gobbles up his food. The scene has since gone viral on the internet and quickly became a meme to roast those who fail to keep their words easily.

“I, Wang Jingze, would rather die than touch your food!”

Example:
A: What’s this guys even famous for? He’s not even good looking.
(5 minutes later)
A: Oh shit, he’s so hot when he’s dancing! I love him.
B: So delicious! (mockingly)
Diff:
# 真香 真香 [zhen1 xiang1] /“that's great” (said by someone after bitching about the exact same thing earlier) (neologism c. 2014)/
+ 真香 真香 [zhen1 xiang1] /awesome (expression of approval used hypocritically after bitching about the exact same thing earlier) (neologism c. 2014)/

Change log entry 69090
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-06 20:01:05 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65685 - submitted by 'goldyn_chyld' >>
LA:
1.(鳥獸、昆蟲)​叫。例 「百鳥爭鳴」、「鹿鳴」、「蟬鳴」。
2. 泛指發出聲響;使發出聲響。例 「萬炮齊鳴」、「引起共鳴」、「鳴笛起航」。
3. 公開表達;抒發。例 「鳴謝」、「鳴冤叫屈」、「物不平則鳴」。
Diff:
- 鳴 鸣 [ming2] /to cry (of birds, animals and insects)/
# + 鳴 鸣 [ming2] /to cry (of birds, animals and insects)/to make a sound/to express (an emotion etc)/
+ 鳴 鸣 [ming2] /to cry (of birds, animals and insects)/to make a sound/to voice (one's gratitude, grievance etc)/

Change log entry 69089
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-06 19:47:00 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65686 - submitted by 'goldyn_chyld' >>
http://auto.seezy.com/UpFile/Article/201705/20170510111206432.jpg

车辆在通过山区道路弯道时,要做到“减速、鸣号、靠右行”。
When a vehicle passes a curve on a mountain road, the driver should reduce speed, honk and stick to the right.
-----------------------------

Editor:
- 鸣号催促前车的违法行为是整治的重点内容之一,...
- 当然,也有驾驶员被交警拦下后坚持自己没有鸣号,声称是旁边车按的喇叭。
Diff:
+ 鳴號 鸣号 [ming2 hao4] /to sound the horn/to honk/

Change log entry 69088
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-06 19:34:47 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64594 - submitted by 'polaris' >>
1、俯念;關懷。
▶ 《初刻拍案驚奇》卷九:「重蒙垂念,足見厚情。」
▶ 清 · 惲敬《答儷笙尚書書》:「先生當代大君子,乃肯垂念愚鄙之夫所不足者而教正之。」
▶ 蘇曼殊《斷鴻零雁記》第二五章:「敬謝丈人,垂念小子,小子何日忘之?」
From 汉语大词典|http://www.guoxuedashi.com/hydcd/106063h.html

2、 關照俯念。如:「承蒙垂念」。
»《初刻拍案驚奇 · 卷九》:「重蒙垂念,足見厚情。」也作「垂眷」。
From 萌典|国语辞典|https://www.moedict.tw/%E5%9E%82%E5%BF%B5

3、(Literary) show kind concern for (me)
From OCC/ABC/PLC
Diff:
# 垂念 垂念 [chui2 nian4] /(Written) to show kind concern for sb/
+ 垂念 垂念 [chui2 nian4] /(courteous) to be so kind as to think of (me)/

Change log entry 69082
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-06 08:33:20 GMT)
Comment: Xi --> xi
Diff:
- 西格瑪 西格玛 [Xi1 ge2 ma3] /sigma (Greek letter Σσ)/(symbol for standard deviation in statistics)/
+ 西格瑪 西格玛 [xi1 ge2 ma3] /sigma (Greek letter Σσ)/(symbol for standard deviation in statistics)/

Change log entry 69081
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-06 08:11:00 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65386 - submitted by 'sl89' >>
I just don't see any evidence on dictionaries or actual usage that 哗[huá] is used specifically for the sound of cat-calling. Even imagining cat-calling here to have the (now) less common meaning "the act or an instance of loudly or raucously expressing disapproval" (MW's 2nd chance), I don't see that it means specifically that sound.
---------------------------------

Editor:
1) 嘩 huá : huár-huár – sound used to call cats
"Concise Dictionary of Spoken Chinese" - Yuen Ren Chao & Lien Sheng Yang

2) 国台对照活用辞典
[...]
【咪】 (拟音) (台)猫吼叫[的]声或是人叫猫[的]声音。
例:~!~!猫来!(台)猫咪!来!
类语:哗儿哗儿(北方)。
https://zh.m.wikisource.org/zh-hans/%E5%9C%8B%E8%87%BA%E5%B0%8D%E7%85%A7%E6%B4%BB%E7%94%A8%E8%BE%AD%E5%85%B8/%E3%84%87%E4%B8%80
Diff:
- 嘩 哗 [hua2] /cat-calling sound/clamor/noise/
# + 嘩 哗 [hua2] /clamor/noise/
#
# Editor:
+ 嘩 哗 [hua2] /clamor/noise/(bound form) sound used to call cats/
+ 嘩兒嘩兒 哗儿哗儿 [hua2 r5 hua2 r5] /(dialect) sound used to call cats/

Change log entry 69079
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-05 21:19:08 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65646 - submitted by 'becky82' >>
Hi, my first attempt here: apologies if I'm doing anything wrong.

We discussed 话不投机 on: https://chinese.stackexchange.com/questions/36706/does-the-chengyu-%e8%af%9d%e4%b8%8d%e6%8a%95%e6%9c%ba-hu%c3%a0-b%c3%b9-t%c3%b3u-j%c4%ab-mean-uncongenial-speech

The first change (话不投机半句多): (a) I feel "get sour" is ungrammatical; it should be "go sour". (b) I add a figurative definition.

The second change (话不投机): this is my best phrasing based on feedback at Chinese Stack Exchange. I also include "when words go sour" to match the longer phrase, but I don't feel it's precise ["when" implies the concept of time, which is not part of the chengyu].
------------------------------

Editor: Hi Becky, and welcome!
I see from your stackexchange profile (math genealogy link) that you did a PhD in maths at Monash University.
It so happens that I also did a degree in pure maths at Monash!

1) I think it's tricky to find the best English wording for 话不投机半句多, and agree our current phrasing is perhaps not the best.

2) Regarding
"fig. in an unagreeable conversation, half a sentence is too much"
... that's actually more of a *literal* definition rather than a figurative one.

3) "unagreeable" is not a word that is commonly used, compared to "disagreeable".
"unagreeable" is not in any of the following dictionaries:
Merriam-Webster
Oxford Dictionaries Online
American Heritage
but "disagreeable" is in all of them.

4) 话不投机 isn't a noun phrase, so a noun phrase translation like "unenjoyable talk" isn't appropriate as a definition.
It's more sentence-like: "the conversation is unenjoyable" or some such.

5) Here's an example of 话不投机 from a magazine, along with the magazine's English translation:
2006年,張錫透過一位香港朋友介紹,認識周星馳,這位朋友當時提醒張錫,私底下的周星馳話很少,若話不投機,不到3分鐘,他馬上轉頭走人;結果沒想到兩人一見如故,興趣相投,話匣子一開就是3小時。
In 2006 a Hong Kong friend of Chang’s introduced him to Chow. The friend warned Chang that the private Chow was taciturn by inclination and would leave within three minutes if he didn’t find the conversation to his liking. Yet finding that they shared the same interests, the two hit it off right away, chatting like old friends for three hours.
Diff:
- 話不投機半句多 话不投机半句多 [hua4 bu4 tou2 ji1 ban4 ju4 duo1] /when words get sour, adding words is useless (idiom)/
# + 話不投機半句多 话不投机半句多 [hua4 bu4 tou2 ji1 ban4 ju4 duo1] /when words go sour, adding words is useless (idiom)/fig. in an unagreeable conversation, half a sentence is too much/
# + 話不投機 话不投机 [hua4 bu4 tou2 ji1] /unagreeable or unenjoyable talk (idiom)/when words go sour/
#
# Editor:
+ 話不投機半句多 话不投机半句多 [hua4 bu4 tou2 ji1 ban4 ju4 duo1] /when views are irreconcilable, it's a waste of breath to continue discussion (idiom)/
+ 話不投機 话不投机 [hua4 bu4 tou2 ji1] /the conversation is disagreeable (idiom)/

Change log entry 69076
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-05 19:48:56 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65680 - submitted by 'gregboothe' >>
like 好闻, 好吃 etc.
-----------------------------------

Editor: Also 好酷, 好热 etc., but they can be regarded as the sum of their parts.
Diff:
# 好香 好香 [hao3 xiang1] /fragrant/tasty/delicious/smell good/

Change log entry 69073
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-04 19:59:57 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65172 - submitted by 'vermillon' >>
Apparently, 孩子 stands for 鞋子 (they're homophones in "dialects"; at least Cantonese, by the look of it), which makes more sense.

https://baike.baidu.com/item/%E8%88%8D%E4%B8%8D%E5%BE%97%E5%AD%A9%E5%AD%90%E5%A5%97%E4%B8%8D%E4%BD%8F%E7%8B%BC
Diff:
# 捨不得孩子套不住狼 舍不得孩子套不住狼 [she3 bu4 de5 hai2 zi5 tao4 bu4 zhu4 lang2] /one must take risks to obtain something/
+ 捨不得孩子套不住狼 舍不得孩子套不住狼 [she3 bu4 de5 hai2 zi5 tao4 bu4 zhu4 lang2] /one who is not prepared to risk his child will never catch the wolf (proverb)/(fig.) one who is unwilling to take risks will not achieve great things/

Change log entry 69072
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-04 19:47:07 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65173 - submitted by 'vermillon' >>
def verbatim from where I found it, but I can't think of anything better.
https://baike.baidu.com/item/%E7%85%AE%E7%86%9F%E7%9A%84%E9%B8%AD%E5%AD%90%E9%A3%9E%E4%BA%86
Diff:
# 煮熟的鴨子飛了 煮熟的鸭子飞了 [zhu3 shu2 de5 ya1 zi5 fei1 le5] /the cooked duck flew away (proverb)/to lose something that was certain/
+ 煮熟的鴨子飛了 煮熟的鸭子飞了 [zhu3 shu2 de5 ya1 zi5 fei1 le5] /the cooked duck flew away (proverb)/(fig.) to let a sure thing slip through one's fingers/

Change log entry 69071
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-04 19:33:11 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65174 - submitted by 'vermillon' >>
It seems to be used mainly when talking of someone's (risky) job and the inevitable accident (or corruption / crime) that results from it.
Is there an English saying for that? The book I've found it it offers "touch pitch and you will be defiled", but that seems to me to miss the point.
--------------------------------------

Editor: There are at least a dozen versions of this saying.
E.g. 常在河边站,哪能不湿脚
Diff:
# 常在河邊走,哪有不濕鞋 常在河边走,哪有不湿鞋 [chang2 zai4 he2 bian1 zou3 , na3 you3 bu4 shi1 xie2] /often walking by the river, how could one not have wet shoes? (proverb)/
+ 常在河邊走,哪有不濕鞋 常在河边走,哪有不湿鞋 [chang2 zai4 he2 bian1 zou3 , na3 you3 bu4 shi1 xie2] /a person who regularly walks by the river cannot avoid getting their shoes wet (proverb)/(fig.) it comes with the territory (e.g. a person with the power to grant favors will inevitably succumb to temptation and take a bribe)/

Change log entry 69068
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-03 12:10:52 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64157 - submitted by 'polaris' >>
1、抓销售、促回款,泰禾为业绩增长注入充足动力--房产--人民网
From http://house.people.com.cn/n1/2018/0623/c164220-30078370.html

2、碧桂园今年卖楼目标1350亿 去年现金回款过千亿--房产--人民网
From http://house.people.com.cn/n/2015/0320/c194441-26724735.html

3、中邮储原行长陶礼明受审:3.4亿公款搞投资,回款3.6亿_金改实验室
From https://www.thepaper.cn/newsDetail_forward_1274062
------------------------------------------

Editor:
- 客户拖欠之日数,不应超过回款期限的1/3;如超过,应马上采取行动追讨;

- 针对征信问题客户,提前制定专攻策略,最后取得了很好的回款成果。

"回款日"英文翻译 due date
"追回款"英文翻译 recoveries
"平均回款天数"英文翻译 days average collection rate

“回款”英语怎么翻译?
Payment collection or the collection of payment
Diff:
# 回款 回款 [hui2 kuan3] /sale proceeds/
+ 回款 回款 [hui2 kuan3] /payment of money owing/

Change log entry 69067
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-03 11:49:52 GMT)
Diff:
- 腿了 腿了 [tui3 le5] /(Tw) (Internet slang) too late, someone posted that already (from "lag" misspelled as "leg")/
+ 腿了 腿了 [tui3 le5] /(Tw) (Internet slang) too late, someone posted that already (supposedly from "lag" misspelled as "leg")/

Change log entry 69066
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-03 09:03:30 GMT)
Diff:
- 擬音 拟音 [ni3 yin1] /to make a sound effect/sound effect/(phonology) to reconstruct the sound system of an archaic language/
+ 擬音 拟音 [ni3 yin1] /to make a sound effect/sound effect/(historical linguistics) to reconstruct the sound system of an archaic language/

Change log entry 69063
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-03 08:02:53 GMT)
Comment: "mysterious disappearance is ongoing conspiracy theory" -- poorly expressed, and in any case, gratuitous
Diff:
- 建文帝 建文帝 [Jian4 wen2 di4] /reign name of second Ming emperor, reigned 1398-1402, deposed in 1402 (mysterious disappearance is ongoing conspiracy theory)/
+ 建文帝 建文帝 [Jian4 wen2 di4] /reign name of second Ming emperor, reigned 1398-1402, deposed in 1402/

Change log entry 69062
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-03 01:39:17 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65672 - submitted by 'goldyn_chyld' >>
see history.. not sure why miles removed the taiwanese tag tho

https://www.moedict.tw/'%E5%A5%BD%E7%A9%BA
Diff:
- 好康 好康 [hao3 kang1] /benefit/advantage/
+ 好康 好康 [hao3 kang1] /(Tw) benefit/advantage/(from Taiwanese 好空, Tai-lo pr. [hó-khang])/

Change log entry 69054
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-02 11:04:35 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65671 - submitted by 'goldyn_chyld' >>
蹚 appears to be 4x less common, plus GF says 用法说明 不要写作“蹚浑水” , so i guess it's the old spelling and we can add it as a variant...
Diff:
+ 蹚渾水 蹚浑水 [tang1 hun2 shui3] /variant of 趟渾水|趟浑水[tang1 hun2 shui3]/

Change log entry 69050
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-02 10:13:11 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 63435 - submitted by 'polaris' >>
1、“我有一句妈卖批不知当讲不当讲” 是什么梗
From http://www.fanjian.net/jbk/wyyjmmpbzdjbdj.html
Diff:
# 媽賣批 妈卖批 [ma1 mai4 pi1] /Your mom is a prostitute (a phrase, taboo spoken; an expression of strong disgust or anger; a Sichuan dialect)/
+ 媽賣批 妈卖批 [ma1 mai4 pi1] /(vulgar) your mom's a prostitute (from Sichuan pronunciation of 媽賣屄|妈卖屄[ma1 mai4 bi1])/

Change log entry 69049
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-02 10:10:11 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65557 - submitted by 'vermillon' >>
Which matches the English idiom, more or less.
Also spelled with 蹚, says PLC.
Diff:
# 趟渾水 趟浑水 [tang1 hun2 shui3] /to tread in muddy water/
+ 趟渾水 趟浑水 [tang1 hun2 shui3] /(fig.) to get involved in an unsavory enterprise/

Change log entry 69048
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-02 09:55:56 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64852 - submitted by 'sl89' >>
Doesn't “the state of family finance” sound strange?

【Pleco】
VARIANT OF 家境
NOUN
family financial situation; family circumstances
| 家境不错
| come from a well-to-do family
| 家境贫寒
| with one’s family in straitened circumstances

【LAC】
家境;家中的经济情况。
| ~清寒
| 投资失败让他~大不如前。

【MoE】
家中经济情况。如:「因家景大不如前,他现在已不再出手阔绰了。」

【规范】
名 家境。

我认识他时,也不过十多岁,离现在将有三十年了;那时我的父亲还在世,家景也好,我正是一个少爷。
Back when I first met him-it will soon be thirty years ago-I couldn't have been much more than ten myself. Since my father was still alive at the time, our family was still fairly well-to-do, and I was something of a "young gentleman." (Lyell)
When I first met him he was little more than ten — that was thirty years ago, and at that time my father was still alive and the family well off, so I was really a spoilt child. (Yangs)
I can't have been much older than nine when I first met him - thirty years ago. Back then, my father had still been alive, the family finances tolerably healthy and I the spoilt young master of the house. (Lovell)
鲁迅《故乡》

过了几年,我的家景大不如前了,非谋点事做便要受饿,只得也回到中国来。
A few years later, my own family's fortunes sank. I had to either find work or go hungry, and so I was forced to go back to China too. (Lyell)
A few years later, my family had become so badly off that unless I found a job I would have starved, so I had to go back to China too. (Yangs)
Within a few years, though, the family fortunes had gone to the wall. If I didn't find myself a job, I was going to starve, so I came back. (Lovell)
鲁迅《头发的故事》
Diff:
- 家景 家景 [jia1 jing3] /the state of family finance/
+ 家景 家景 [jia1 jing3] /the family's financial circumstances/

Change log entry 69047
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-02 09:44:58 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64756 - submitted by 'sl89' >>
* "everyone pitching in"/"with everyone lending a hand" — this is right but is missing the disorderly sense; in translation this is often lost but it's part of the meaning of the expression.
* The meaning of Wenlin's "too many cooks spoil the broth" is that whenever too many people are involved in a task the result is always bad, but that's not what 七手八脚 means. 七手八脚 is generally positive, it's about people being eager to help.

【Wenlin】
f[ixed].e[xpression].
① everyone pitching in
② too many cooks spoil the broth

【Pleco】
IDIOM
with everyone lending a hand
| 大伙儿七手八脚把他抬了出来。
| Everybody lent a hand to carry him out.
| 大家七手八脚一会儿就把院子打扫干净了。
| With everybody lending a hand, the courtyard was soon swept clean.

【LAC】
形容很多人一起动手动脚;动作杂乱无章。
| 大伙~把东西搬过来。

【MoE】
形容人多动作纷乱没条理。
| 《金瓶梅.第七回》:「七手八脚将妇人床帐、装奁、箱笼,搬的搬,抬的抬,一阵风都搬去了。」
| 《红楼梦.第七○回》:「这里小丫头们听见放风筝,巴不得一声儿,七手八脚,都忙着拿出个美人风筝来。」

【规范】
形容人多, 手脚忙乱
| 大家七手八脚把他送进了医院。

下半天,棺木才合上盖:因为单四嫂子哭一回,看一回,总不肯死心塌地的盖上;幸亏王九妈等得不耐烦,气愤愤的跑上前,一把拖开他,才七手八脚的盖上了。
The coffin was not finally closed until late in the day because Sister Shan, unable to bring herself to part forever with Bao'er, stuck close to the coffin, gazing at her precious son through her tears. Ninth Auntie Wang finally lost patience, and pulled her aside long enough for those standing around to rush in and close the lid. (Lyell)
Not till that afternoon was the lid of the coffin put on, because Fourth Shan's Wife would keep crying, then taking a look, and could not bear to have the lid closed down. Luckily, Ninth Aunt Wang grew tired of waiting. hurried indignantly forward and pulled her aside.Then they hastily closed it up. (Yangs)
Because Mrs Shan wouldn't stop crying and wanting to take one last look at her son, because she refused to give up hope, the lid didn't get nailed down until the afternoon. In the end, Mrs Wang mercifully lost patience with her and yanked her away, as a confusion of hands scrabbled to fasten the lid. (Lovell)
鲁迅《明天》

直到七手八脚的将她和男人反关在新房里,还是骂,阿呀呀,这真是……。”
Clear up to the time when they got her ―and they had everybody fallin' over everybody else tryin' to do it ―got her and the groom into the bride-room and locked it from the outside, she kept cursin' for all she was worth. Aiya! That was really, really . . ." (Lyell)
It took quite a few of them to shut her up finally with the man in the bridal chamber, but even then she went on cursing. Oh, it was really....” (Yangs)
It took every pair of hands they could muster to get her locked in the bedroom - and you should have heard her curse, my goodness ...” (Lovell)
鲁迅《祝福》

社场上卸了骡子,二十来个社员七手八脚忙起来。
赵树理《三里湾》
Diff:
# 七手八腳 七手八脚 [qi1 shou3 ba1 jiao3] /with everyone lending a hand (in an eager and disorderly way)/
+ 七手八腳 七手八脚 [qi1 shou3 ba1 jiao3] /(idiom) with everyone lending a hand (eagerly but somewhat chaotically)/

Change log entry 69046
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-02 09:33:41 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65414 - submitted by 'goldyn_chyld' >>
i've seen it written both ways in Tw (on pastry boxes)

蛋奶素全称是蛋奶素食者(Ovo-LactoVegetarian)指不食用动物的肉,包括肉类、禽类、鱼类(或海鲜),但食用蛋类和奶类制品。
Diff:
+ 蛋奶素 蛋奶素 [dan4 nai3 su4] /ovo-lacto vegetarian/
+ 奶蛋素 奶蛋素 [nai3 dan4 su4] /ovo-lacto vegetarian/

Change log entry 69045
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-02 08:10:19 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65667 - submitted by 'sl89' >>
【Wenlin】
n. plague of locusts

【Pleco】
plague of locusts

【LAC】
蝗虫过境对农作物所造成的灾害。也作「蝗害」。

【MoE】
成群蝗虫过境而对农作物造成的灾害。如:「可怕的蝗灾使农民的心血付诸流水。」

【规范】
名 蝗虫肆虐造成的灾害。
(也说蝗害。)


在1988年的沙漠蝗灾中,蝗群从毛里塔尼亚穿越大西洋来到加勒比,10天之内飞行了5000公里。
During the 1988 desert locust plague, swarms crossed the Atlantic from Mauritania to the Caribbean, flying 5 000 kilometres in 10 days.

作为对普希金这些行为的处罚,要求他这位名义上的公务员创作某种作品——写一份正在使这座陷入瘫痪的蝗灾报告。
As a punishment Pushkin, nominally a civil servant, was asked to do some work: to write a report on a plague of locusts that was paralysing the city.

眼下的蝗灾被认为是过去的十多年中最为严重的一次。
The plague of locusts has been described as the worst in more than a decade.

较之两汉 ,魏晋南北朝时期的蝗灾虽然稍弱 ,但仍是此期的重大自然灾害之一。
Compared with the Han Dynasty,the plague of locusts was slightly weaker in the Wei,Jin and the Northern and Southern Dynasties,but it was still one of the greatest natural calamities of this period.
Diff:
+ 蝗災 蝗灾 [huang2 zai1] /plague of locusts/

Change log entry 69044
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-02 04:11:30 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65309 - submitted by 'goldyn_chyld' >>
B: 渣男是一个网络流行词语,是指自私、擅长索取、不负责任,玩弄别人感情的男人。

“渣男”用英文怎么说!

(因为有很多学生问过我这个问题O(∩_∩)O)

点击下方听我的语音讲解,效果更好哦:

第一种表达:

Playboy 花花公子

Player 玩家

(注:这是比较常见的一种表达,形容非常花心,玩弄情场!)

第二种表达:

Two-timer 渣男/花心大萝卜

Swagger例句:He is a real two - timer. 他用情不专.

第三种表达:

Jerk,Asshole,Scumbag

(都有混蛋的意思,一般形容男性!)

譬如男的出轨被抓,你就可以直接骂上去:

You Fxxxing jerk!!!

第四种表达:

渣男相应的长做的事情就是出轨,

看一下出轨用英文怎么说:

Cheat on someone. 对某人(背叛,出轨)

Have an affair with someone.
-----------------------------

Editor:
什么?天理都灭绝啦?男人他背叛了感情,家庭,怎么能说是小事?最让我无法理解的是,最后这些出轨的渣男居然都被原谅了。
What? Has the natural order collapsed altogether? If a man betrays his partner, and his family, how can you refer to it so flippantly? What I really can't understand is, in the end these despicable men who cheat have all been forgiven.
Diff:
+ 渣男 渣男 [zha1 nan2] /(coll.) jerk/scumbag/

Change log entry 69043
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-02 02:02:34 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 63401 - submitted by 'monigeria' >>
I think there’s more to this word, but I want to submit something first before I forget.

Will add to this later.
---------------------------------

Editor:
1) 在游戏中通常是指,每局游戏通关会得到一定分数,拿到的分数累积到一个数字,会使得级别上升一个段位,这个过程也就是上分。

2) 如何才能快速从雅思6.5分冲到7分?
[...] 如果你正在冲击7分,并且成绩一直徘徊在6分或6.5分之间,那么这篇文章将帮助你摆脱雅思上分困难的瓶颈,实现这1分或0.5分的突破。
Diff:
# 上分 上分 [shang4 fen1] /(Internet slang) (gaming) level up/
+ 上分 上分 [shang4 fen1] /(coll.) (gaming) to progress to the next level/to level up/

Change log entry 69040
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-31 22:43:25 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65535 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Found in PLC, OCC, GF

Web
党的十八大以来,以习近平同志为核心的党中央高度重视对外传播工作,强调要努力提高国际话语权,加强国际传播能力建设,精心构建对外话语体系,增强对外话语的创造力、感召力、公信力,讲好中国故事,传播好中国声音,阐释好中国特色。
-----------------------

Editor: some other examples I forgot to paste in ...

For Iran's clerical regime, gaining advanced nuclear technology means irresistible regional clout.
对于文官当政的伊朗来说,拥有先进的核技术意味着拥有无可比拟的地区话语权。

In vying for influence in Asia, China has many competitors.
在争夺亚洲话语权方面,中国敌手众多。

The new firm will represent a strong voice for European business on regulation and other key issues that affect the audit and accountancy profession - and its vital role in support of the global capital markets.
在商业规则以及其他影响审计、会计职业发展的关键领域,新的欧洲分所将拥有话语权,这一点对于全球资本市场而言是至关重要的。
Diff:
# 話語權 话语权 [hua4 yu3 quan2] /right to speak/

Change log entry 69039
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-31 22:39:09 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65535 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Found in PLC, OCC, GF

Web
党的十八大以来,以习近平同志为核心的党中央高度重视对外传播工作,强调要努力提高国际话语权,加强国际传播能力建设,精心构建对外话语体系,增强对外话语的创造力、感召力、公信力,讲好中国故事,传播好中国声音,阐释好中国特色。
-----------------------------------

Editor: It's described in the Baidu Baike article (话语权即说话的权力) and in dictionaries such as the following, as a *power* (權力) rather than a right (權利).
人們所應享有的發表見解的權力;特指強勢人物透過語言支配他人的權力。
https://www.moedict.tw/~%E8%A9%B1%E8%AA%9E%E6%AC%8A
(GF likewise)

Also, your example sentence talks about "increasing China's international huayuquan" (提高国际话语权).
You either have a right to speak or you don't. It's not something you try to "increase".

Examples:
使它被許多有具話語權的人看中
it is given great status by persons positioned to speak authoritatively

可以讓藝術有一點話語權,
They can see to it that art has a voice,

海外華測市場的競爭,事實上也是一場話語權的較勁。「考題牽涉文化內容與敘述方法,」陳郁仁表示,兩種測驗的題材內容自然會有差異。「對岸的漢語水平考試會談中國的題材,我們的TOCFL會放台灣的議題。」
Competition in the foreign market for Chinese language proficiency testing is really about linguistic dominance. “Test questions involve cultural content and narratives,” says Chen, explaining that the two tests’ content naturally differs. “Mainland China’s HSK uses mainland Chinese content. Our TOCFL brings in Taiwanese issues.”
Diff:
# 話語權 话语权 [hua4 yu3 quan2] /right to speak/
+ 話語權 话语权 [hua4 yu3 quan2] /ability to have one's say and be listened to/influence/clout/

Change log entry 69038
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-31 21:40:45 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64953 - submitted by 'cheerios353' >>
https://pttpedia.fandom.com/zh/wiki/Lag%E4%BA%86%EF%BC%8C%E8%85%BF%E4%BA%86
--------------------------

Editor:
ex: 你腿了 已經有人貼了
Diff:
# 腿了 腿了 [tui3 le5] /Lagging behind/
+ 腿了 腿了 [tui3 le5] /(Tw) (Internet slang) too late, someone posted that already (from "lag" misspelled as "leg")/

Change log entry 69037
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-31 21:19:30 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65478 - submitted by 'goldyn_chyld' >>
Tw?

site:.tw 235k hits
site:.cn 15k hits

Wp: 面包车(香港作客货车,台湾作厢型车)是一种用于载运货物和多人的汽车,或改装为“胖卡”(1964年VW T1)外型。
----------------------------------

Editor: LA has an entry for 箱型車, and there are examples of both variants in TP.
G results suggest that 廂型車 is about 3x more common.

歹徒涉嫌作案的廂型車被發現後,
When the van the kidnappers were suspected of having used in the kidnapping was discovered,

他窮到出門時就在山澗洗澡、睡箱型車裡,
he had to live out of his van and bathe in mountain streams,
Diff:
- 廂型車 厢型车 [xiang1 xing2 che1] /van/
+ 廂型車 厢型车 [xiang1 xing2 che1] /van (Tw)/
# editor: adding ~
+ 箱型車 箱型车 [xiang1 xing2 che1] /van (Tw)/also written 廂型車|厢型车[xiang1 xing2 che1]/

Change log entry 69036
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-31 20:33:20 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65481 - submitted by 'vermillon' >>
From PLC. This is the context in which I've encountered it.
"archaic" could also be "dead", "earlier stage of" etc, but I think PLC's "archaic" captures the essence correctly.
Diff:
- 擬音 拟音 [ni3 yin1] /to make a sound effect/sound effect/
# + 擬音 拟音 [ni3 yin1] /to make a sound effect/sound effect/to reconstruct the sound system of an archaic language/
+ 擬音 拟音 [ni3 yin1] /to make a sound effect/sound effect/(phonology) to reconstruct the sound system of an archaic language/

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