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Change log entry 68919
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-19 21:30:37 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65586 - submitted by 'richwarm' >>
"urge"
A pihao is something that one is in the *habit* of doing, whereas an urge can be a *one-off* desire to do sth.

"craving"
That's when one feels a strong *desire* to indulge in sth, whereas a pihao is sth that one *actually* indulges in habitually.

"addiction"
With "pihao", there is no connotation that one's life is being ruined, as there is with "addiction".
---------------------------------

TP
高行健坦承,困難度不高的工作他做起來不帶勁,他以前編導過的十六齣戲從來沒有一齣重複,這是他的毛病,也是他的癖好。不斷地創新帶給他數不盡的壓力及困難,但是困難終究會過去,
Gao Xingjian admits that he can't get interested in anything that doesn't look to be extremely difficult. He has never once repeated himself in any of the 16 previous plays he has written and directed. This is his weakness, and also his obsession. The constant effort to innovate creates tremendous pressure and difficulties for him, but in the end, difficulties always pass.

不管你是怎樣的人,有著什樣的飲食癖好與生活習慣,似乎都能在永康街找到屬於自己的角落。而這首都的一角,也就成為你與至親好友的祕密基地。
No matter what kind of person you are, what likes and dislikes you have in regard to dining and life in general, you will most likely be able to find your own little corner of heaven on Yungkang Street, a secret garden for you and yours.

自此之後,他開始養成蒐集老東西的癖好,舉凡舊廣告、老招牌、棄置的農具等,都成為他的關注對象。
This started his obsession with old objects, and he began collecting all kinds of things--adverts, signs, abandoned farm tools... they all became objects of his obsession.

1895年日本進占台灣後,也將這股癖好帶入台灣。
When the Japanese colonized Taiwan in 1895, those trends [the phonograph etc.] came with them.

然而,隨著台灣寵物市場的不斷翻新,加上飼養奇禽異獸的癖好與炫耀財力的心態,讓非法走私更形猖獗。
Unfortunately, as Taiwan's pet market hit upon one new novelty after another, and increased wealth allowed people to indulge in owning or showing off rare pets, illegal trafficking only got worse.

有位自閉症孩子的癖好是搜刮雜誌紙、宣傳紙,見到紙張就塞進自己的褲袋、褲管裡,
an autistic child with a propensity for shredding fliers and magazine pages would stuff any paper he spotted into the pockets or legs of his pants.
Diff:
- 癖好 癖好 [pi3 hao4] /an urge/a craving/an addiction/
+ 癖好 癖好 [pi3 hao4] /one's passion/one's obsession/

Change log entry 68918
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-19 11:29:23 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65584 - submitted by 'sl89' >>
【Wenlin】
n. prisoner's garb

【Pleco】
NOUN
prison garb

【LAC】
专门供囚犯穿的衣服。

【MoE】
囚犯所穿的衣服。

【规范】
名 供囚犯穿的统一的服装。

【Wikipedia】
A prison uniform is the unified outward appearance of detainees in a situation of imprisonment. It is typically adapted under constraint.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prison_uniform

在1966年,安迪。杜方从沙堡监狱逃了出去,他们只能找到池塘中的囚衣,一块肥皂,和一个很旧的手锤,几乎被削成了一小块。
In 1966, Andy Dufresne escaped from Shoeshank Prison. All they found was a muddy set of prison clothes, a bar of soap and an old rock hammer, damn near worm down to the nub.

身穿绿色囚衣的被告被带入现代化的木板建造的法庭。
The defendants were brought into the modern wood-panelled courtroom in green prison jumpsuits.

从法庭传来的图片显示,阿布塔希和米尔达马蒂穿着囚衣,坐在前排。
Photographs from the courtroom showed a Abtahi and Mirdamadi, wearing prison uniform, sitting in the front row.

4年前,他吸食毒品首次被捕入監,號碼繡在囚衣上,獄卒捨棄名字,只用代號叫他。
Four years ago, he was imprisoned for the first time for narcotics use. Like all convicts he was called only by the number sewn onto his uniform, not his name.
https://www.taiwan-panorama.com/Articles/Details?Guid=c47bd210-4923-4b08-8308-82faaeeb4646&CatId=1
Diff:
+ 囚衣 囚衣 [qiu2 yi1] /prison uniform/

Change log entry 68917
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-18 10:18:00 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65573 - submitted by 'goldyn_chyld' >>
this too, i suppose

https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E9%AB%98%E7%BA%A7%E8%AF%AD%E8%A8%80
Diff:
- 高級語言 高级语言 [gao1 ji2 yu3 yan2] /high-level language/
+ 高級語言 高级语言 [gao1 ji2 yu3 yan2] /(computing) high-level language/

Change log entry 68916
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-18 09:26:05 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65574 - submitted by 'goldyn_chyld' >>
Editor: apparently (Tw) as per LA and verbatim results.

<< follow-up of change log entry 68904 >>
<< review queue entry 65501 >>
this is a computer terminology
Diff:
# - 高階語言 高阶语言 [gao1 jie1 yu3 yan2] /(computing) high-level language/
# + 高階語言 高阶语言 [gao1 jie1 yu3 yan2] /(computing) high-level language (Tw)/

Change log entry 68915
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-18 05:24:00 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65579 - submitted by 'lionel_rowe' >>
See https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-cn/%E9%AB%98%E7%BA%A7%E8%AF%AD%E8%A8%80
vs e.g.
https://zh.m.wikipedia.org/zh-tw/%E9%AB%98%E7%BA%A7%E8%AF%AD%E8%A8%80

Also anecdotally, I've heard only 高级- used in mainland China, never 高阶-
---------------------------

Editor: three times as many G (verbatim) results for 高階語言 as there are for 高阶语言.
Diff:
- 高階語言 高阶语言 [gao1 jie1 yu3 yan2] /(computing) high-level language/
+ 高階語言 高阶语言 [gao1 jie1 yu3 yan2] /(computing) high-level language (Tw, HK, Macau)/

Change log entry 68914
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-18 02:02:10 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65507 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
From NEC:
但这不是一个简单的非黑即白的问题, 玛丽安娜。
But this isn't a simple black and white affair, Marianne.
Diff:
# 非黑即白 非黑即白 [fei1 hei1 ji2 bai2] /fig. black and white (e.g. a problem)/
+ 非黑即白 非黑即白 [fei1 hei1 ji2 bai2] /black-or-white (e.g. good or bad, with no middle ground)/

Change log entry 68913
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-18 01:28:11 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64602 - submitted by 'polaris' >>
1、称人来临的敬词。
●清黄六鸿《福惠全书・莅任・禁私谒》:「因公事而惠临,则宾馆相迎。」
●鲁迅《书信集・致姚克》:「届时务希与令弟一同惠临为幸。」
From 汉语大词典|http://www.guoxuedashi.com/hydcd/176385e.html

2、your gracious presence
From ABC/PLC
--------------------------

Editor: It's a verb.
Diff:
# 惠臨 惠临 [hui4 lin2] /(courteous) your gracious presence/
+ 惠臨 惠临 [hui4 lin2] /(honorific) to visit/to call in/

Change log entry 68912
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-17 20:22:19 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65578 - submitted by 'lionel_rowe' >>
"good wine taken in excess" is erroneous - the 好 is hao4 "to be fond of", rather than hao3 "good".

Reference: https://baike.baidu.com/item/%E5%A5%BD%E9%85%92%E8%B4%AA%E6%9D%AF
--------------------------------

Editor: thanks
Diff:
- 好酒貪杯 好酒贪杯 [hao3 jiu3 tan1 bei1] /good wine taken in excess (idiom); fond of the bottle/
+ 好酒貪杯 好酒贪杯 [hao4 jiu3 tan1 bei1] /fond of the bottle (idiom)/

Change log entry 68911
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-17 15:20:50 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65026 - submitted by 'polaris' >>
1、
专家表示,此次疑似陨石坠落现象为火流星现象,目前,坠落的物体正在寻找中。|http://www.xinhuanet.com/tech/2019-10/12/c_1125097472.htm

吉林市博物馆产业发展部主任孙至申告诉新京报记者,昨天凌晨发生的天文现象为“火流星”,目前科考队员正在松原市境内走访调查,以确认可能存在的“陨石”位置。|http://www.bjnews.com.cn/news/2019/10/12/635341.html

火流星现象,即较大的流星体陨落时产生的流星现象。|http://news.ynet.com/2019/10/12/2131861t70.html

2、天文学名词。质量相当大的流星体。下坠时拖着一条长长的光带,使空气震动,发出大小不同的声响。落在地上,即成陨石。
●汉荀悦《汉纪·高帝纪一》:「是时,枉矢西流如火流星,蛇行若有首尾,广长如一匹布着天。矢星坠至地,即石也。」
From 汉语大词典|http://www.guoxuedashi.com/hydcd/289769f.html
Diff:
+ 火流星 火流星 [huo3 liu2 xing1] /(astronomy) bolide/fireball/

Change log entry 68910
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-17 15:18:51 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65512 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Found in ABC, HDD, ADS

他最终回醒过来,意识到自己的严重错误。

Editor: can be understood from 意识+到
Diff:
# 意識到 意识到 [yi4 shi5 dao4] /to realize/to recognize/to become aware/

Change log entry 68909
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-17 12:25:18 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65390 - submitted by 'sl89' >>
【Wenlin】
n. candle

【Pleco】
NOUN LITERARY
candle
春蚕到死丝方尽, 蜡炬成灰泪始干。(李商隐《无题》)
The spring silkworm will only end his thread when death befalls; | The candle will drip with tears until it turns to ashes.

【LAC】
〈书〉蜡烛。用蜡或其他油脂制成的照明用品,多为圆柱形,中心有捻儿。
| ~成灰泪始干(唐‧李商隐〈无题诗〉)。

【MoE】
即蜡烛,也指蜡烛的火光。
| 唐.杜甫〈陪章留后侍御宴南楼〉诗:「出号江城黑,题诗蜡炬红。」
| 唐.李商隐〈无题〉诗:「春蚕到死丝方尽,蜡炬成灰泪始干。」

【规范】
名 <文> 蜡烛。


这两支巨大的蜡炬是为他们的新婚之夜而准备的。
Two huge candles have been prepared for the wedding night.

一只蜡烛,无人看管,蜡炬成灰。
One candle, unattended. Only ashes remain.

我觉得,作为一名社会主义新时期的大学生,不仅要给前人的诗句赋予新意,更应该身体力行。我的一生应该象春蚕吐丝一样,为振兴中华民族奋斗到最后一息;能象蜡炬 一样,燃烧自己,照亮别人。
人民日报《1982年11月25日》

为了收集素材,我到了山东的沂蒙山、湖南湘西、贵州六盘水和四川的大巴山,采访了近百名的山村教师。如果把教师比为蜡炬 的话,那么这些山村教师更像是两头都在燃烧的蜡炬。他们用自己的生命之光,为偏远山区送去了文明的圣火。
人民日报《1994年03月01日》
Diff:
+ 蠟炬 蜡炬 [la4 ju4] /(literary) candle/

Change log entry 68908
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-17 12:22:44 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65439 - submitted by 'sl89' >>
【Wenlin】
v.o. perform military service

【Pleco】
serve in the army; perform military service

【LAC】
人民依法接受国家军事训练,担负保家卫国的责任。
| ~是每个青年人应尽的义务
| 他在~期间,将自己锻炼得英勇果敢。

【MoE】
凡年满二十岁的男子对国家应尽的义务。在一定期间内,必须接受国家军事训练,为国家安全做准备。以抽签方式来决定为陆军、海军、空军等不同兵种。有两年、三年和四年半等不同役期。


目前的节省措施是通过从养老金计时间中除去上大学或者服兵役的时间来推迟许多意大利人退休时间。
The immediate savings would come from postponing the retirement of many Italians by excluding from their pension calculations time spent at university or doing military service.

到18岁的时候,每个奥地利男人都必须服兵役6个月。
Upon turning 18, all Austrian males have to take part of a 6 month military service.

依据Michelzon和其他人的证词,服兵役对于女性的心理影响是不可辨驳的,特别是对于那些曾在以军占领区服役的女兵而言。
The psychological impact of military service on women is undeniable, according to the testimonies of Michelzon and others, particularly those who serve in the occupied territories.

视力不佳将使你免服兵役。
Poor eyesight will exempt you from military service.

依照法律服兵役和参加民兵组织是中华人民共和国公民的光荣义务。
It is the honourable duty of citizens of the People's Republic of China to perform military service and join the militia in accordance with the law.
Diff:
# 服兵役 服兵役 [fu2 bing1 yi4] /to perform military service/
+ 服兵役 服兵役 [fu2 bing1 yi4] /to serve in the army/

Change log entry 68907
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-17 10:01:23 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65555 >>
It is wrong
--------------------------------

Editor: As Julien says, anonymous + unsubstantiated => reject.
Diff:
# - 佐科威 佐科威 [Zuo3 ke1 wei1] /Joko Widodo (1961-), Indonesian politician, president of Indonesia (2014-)/
# + 佐科威 佐科威 [Zuo3 ke1 wei1] /Joko Widodo (1961-), Indonesian politician, president of Indonesia (2014-2019)/

Change log entry 68906
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-15 14:51:26 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65506 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Found in PLC

是指人脑加工、储存和提取信息的能力,即人们对事物的构成、性能与他物的关系、发展的动力、发展方向以及基本规律的把握能力。
https://hanyu.baidu.com/s?wd=%E8%AE%A4%E7%9F%A5%E8%83%BD%E5%8A%9B&from=zici

Editor: it's a word whose meaning can be readily understood from its components 认知+能力
Diff:
# 認知能力 认知能力 [ren4 zhi1 neng2 li4] /cognitive ability/

Change log entry 68905
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-15 14:39:25 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65513 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Found in ABC, PLC, OCC, ADS, GF
Diff:
+ 療養院 疗养院 [liao2 yang3 yuan4] /sanatorium/

Change log entry 68904
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-15 10:28:46 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65501 >>
this is a computer terminology
Diff:
- 高階語言 高阶语言 [gao1 jie1 yu3 yan2] /high-level language/
# + 高階語言 高阶语言 [gao1 jie1 yu3 yan2] /(comp) high-level language/
+ 高階語言 高阶语言 [gao1 jie1 yu3 yan2] /(computing) high-level language/

Change log entry 68903
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-15 10:24:11 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65572 - submitted by 'goldyn_chyld' >>
https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E6%89%8B%E6%9F%84
---------------------------------

Editor:
That webpage is titled 遊戲手把, not 游戲手柄.

游戏手柄
https://zh.wikipedia.org/zh-cn/%E6%89%8B%E6%9F%84

GV
"遊戲手把" - 560,000
"游戏手把" - 18,000
"游戏手柄" - 6,130,000
Diff:
+ 游戲手柄 游戏手柄 [you2 xi4 shou3 bing3] /gamepad/
# editor: adding ...
+ 遊戲手把 游戏手把 [you2 xi4 shou3 ba4] /gamepad (Tw)/

Change log entry 68902
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-15 08:42:05 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65265 - submitted by 'sl89' >>
【现代汉语大词典】
亲手制作。
| 鲁迅《记苏联版画展览会》:作者之中, 很有几个是由于作品的复制, 姓名已为我们所熟识的, 但现在才看到手制的原作, 使我们更加觉得亲密。


其作品的传统行草书及水墨山水部分,通过用香烟烧过的手制宣纸,隐约可见。
It depicts the series of works in which inscriptions in running script and painted landscapes are glimpsed through layers of Chinese hand-made paper.

我们的一个客户询购手制真皮手套。请告知是否有供应。
A customer of ours has made an enquiry for hand-made leather gloves. Please tell us what you can offer in this line.

世界上仅有六台手制的本田雅阁,让工程师心疼的是,因广告拍摄需要拆掉了其中两台。
There are six and only six hand-made Honda Accords in the world. To the horror of Honda engineers, the filmmakers disassembled two of them to make the film.


现在我所谓希望,不也是我自己手制的偶像么?
But what was this thing called "hope" if not an idol that I had fashioned with my own hands. (Lyell)
Yet what I now called hope was no more than an idol I had created myself. (Yangs)
But wasn't my own weakness for hope an idol of my own making?” (Lovell)
鲁迅《故乡》
Diff:
+ 手製 手制 [shou3 zhi4] /to make by hand/handmade/

Change log entry 68901
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-15 08:23:05 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65571 - submitted by 'richwarm' >>
When it's used as an everyday, non-technical term, "inertia" is often not a helpful definition.

1) ADJECTIVAL USAGE - "HABITUAL"
Sometimes 慣性 is used adjectivally, but the adjective "inertial" doesn't convey the meaning because "inertial" is a technical term (in physics).

Ex: 成人們總是喜歡在孩童身上想像他們日後長大模樣的慣性心理。
Here, I would say 慣性心理 is the "habitual mentality" of adults to try to imagine what a child will look like when he or she grows up.
Thinking of 慣性 as "inertia" here isn't very helpful.

Ex: 還沒有拋開以工業文明的慣性思考模式。
"is unable to escape from a way of thinking that belongs only to industrial civilization."

I see 慣性思考模式 as "habitual mode of thinking".

---------------------------

2) NOUN USAGE - "FORCE OF HABIT"
As a noun, I'd say "force of habit" is often a better explanation of the non-technical meaning of 慣性.

Ex: 連續半年每天睡不到3小時,拍到人完全失去溫度,拍戲全憑慣性,很是無趣。
"For six months I had only been sleeping three hours a night. I had lost all passion for directing and was just going through the motions. Nothing seemed interesting."

I see 全憑慣性 as "relied entirely on force of habit".

Ex: 換腦袋,第一個要打破服務「能多就多」的慣性,開幕之初曹原彰常常下第一線觀察而做出「取捨」
"The first thing that a new approach requires is an abandonment of conventional ways of thinking, such as providing as much service as possible."

慣性 here means, I think, mindlessly doing things the way one has done in the past -- i.e. force of habit.
Diff:
- 慣性 惯性 [guan4 xing4] /inertia/
+ 慣性 惯性 [guan4 xing4] /(physics) inertia/(fig.) force of habit/tendency to do things in the accustomed way/habitual/

Change log entry 68900
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-15 07:14:33 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65563 - submitted by 'richwarm' >>
in all the usual dicts

TP
1) 現在隨地亂丟垃圾或是攀折花木的遊客遭解說人員勸導時,大部分都知道自己做錯事而能接受,
These days, when guides call visitors to account for littering or picking flowers, most of them acknowledge they are at fault.

2) 將攀折下來的桃花枝種在家鄉;桃花樹長大後,...
Diff:
+ 攀折 攀折 [pan1 zhe2] /to snap off (flowers, leaves, twigs etc from a tree or shrub)/

Change log entry 68899
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-15 07:14:28 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65564 - submitted by 'richwarm' >>
1) "prohibition on use" is redundant -- just the noun form of the verb gloss


2) Shorter gloss "to ban" -- TP ex. 至於多氯聯苯、DDT等有機氯雖已禁用, "Although organochlorines such as PCBs and DDT have been banned, ..."


3) disable
a) https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%E7%A6%81%E7%94%A8
b) J
- Toolbar controls should become disabled if they are not applicable to the current selection.
如果不能用于当前选择,工具栏控件应该被禁用,它们一定不能提供模棱两可的状态。
- Disable menu items when they are not applicable.
禁用不适用的菜单项。


4) 禁用[jin1 yong4]

LA @ 禁:
jīn 承受;耐。例「這種車禁用」。

See also K and GR @ 禁用[jin1 yong4]

e.g. 资生堂六角眉笔 - 很禁用的一只
https://www.xiaohongshu.com/discovery/item/5d6fa6d7000000000201bf82
Diff:
- 禁用 禁用 [jin4 yong4] /to prohibit the use of sth/prohibition on use/
+ 禁用 禁用 [jin4 yong4] /to prohibit the use of sth/to ban/(computing) to disable/
+ 禁用 禁用 [jin1 yong4] /to withstand heavy use/durable/

Change log entry 68898
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-15 07:13:09 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65566 - submitted by 'richwarm' >>
K

Wp ~ 尼安德塔人(... 簡稱尼人)是...

Web ~ 典型尼人个体较大,居于欧洲; ...

According to Wp, 尼安德特人 is the full name used in the PRC.
Diff:
+ 尼人 尼人 [Ni2 ren2] /Neanderthal (abbr. for 尼安德特人[Ni2 an1 de2 te4 ren2])/

Change log entry 68897
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-15 07:12:11 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65569 - submitted by 'richwarm' >>
it's in various dictionaries

TP
她反而藉著一讀再讀,看出蘇頌當初設計時的諸多巧思,
By studying it again and again she came to appreciate the tremendous ingenuity of many aspects of Su Song's original design,

還費盡巧思設計菜名,「東方不敗百斬大閹雞雞」、「觀音菩薩之楊柳細腰花」、「日本第一顆火爆丸子彈」
they thought up names for the dishes: "Castrated Chicken Dismembered by Dong Fang Bu Bai"; "Guanyin's Willow-waisted Flowers"; "Japan's First Exploding Bullets."

她原本在城隍廟前擺攤賣肉粽,後來她巧思將肉粽裡面的餡料──紅蔥頭、豬油、肉末轉為餅餡,包成手掌大小的肉餅,
Wu originally ran a stall outside the city god temple selling meat rice-dumplings, and came up with the idea of taking the rice-dumpling filling, which was made from red onions, lard and ground meat, and wrapping it into the form of a palm-sized pasty.

證明當時宮女如何極盡巧思,自得其樂。
demonstrates the ingenuity the palace ladies of the time displayed in making their own entertainment.

有人覺得我的衣著品味不錯,但其實我講究的是舒服與設計的巧思。
Some people think my taste in clothes is pretty good, but in fact what I really care about is comfort, and clever details of design.

外人看來「俗又有力」,卻都是張勝凱巧思下的產物。
Some people may see these bikes as rather cheesy, but they are in fact the result of Chang's imaginative thinking.

被迫在有限的空間裡妥協,並善用自己的勞動、資源與巧思,來蓋自己的「家」。
Their situations have compelled them to use their own labor, materials and ingenuity to build "homes" for themselves in spaces that are technically off-limits.

只要用點巧思,總有數不完的創新點子,
With a little thought, we can discover endless creative possibilities for our performances.
Diff:
+ 巧思 巧思 [qiao3 si1] /innovative thinking/ingenuity/

Change log entry 68896
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-15 07:11:26 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65565 - submitted by 'richwarm' >>
I scrolled through every G result for 尼安德塔, and did not see a single one where 尼安德塔 was not followed by 人.
Diff:
- 尼安德塔 尼安德塔 [Ni2 an1 de2 ta3] /Neanderthal (man)/
= 尼安德塔人 尼安德塔人 [Ni2 an1 de2 ta3 ren2] /Neanderthal man/

Change log entry 68895
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-15 04:48:48 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65567 - submitted by 'gregboothe' >>
Taiwan pr.
-------------------------------

Editor: As a rule, we only note Taiwan pr. at the single-character level.
In this case, in the following entry ~
危 危 [wei1] /danger/to endanger/Taiwan pr. [wei2]/
Diff:
# - 危險 危险 [wei1 xian3] /danger/dangerous/
# + 危險 危险 [wei1 xian3] /danger/dangerous/Taiwan pr. [wei2 xian3]/

Change log entry 68894
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-15 04:45:59 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65547 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Found in ABC, OCC, ADS

Web
风吹日晒是一个成语,读音是fēng chuī rì shài,意思是狂风吹,烈日晒。形容无所遮挡。
你风吹日晒地辛苦一年,连个痛快年也过不上。
----------------------------

Editor:

利用數片自家菜園歷經半年風吹日曬雨淋的大型畫布,作為播放多媒體影片的「岩壁」屏幕,作為播放多媒體影片的「岩壁」屏幕,極富巧思。
makes use of a large canvas that was left out exposed to the elements in his garden to serve as the screen for projecting film that is part of a multimedia work; it's all very creative.

無畏風吹日曬、斷水斷電,
Undaunted by the ocean winds and intense sunshine, unfazed by the unreliability of water and power supplies,

先在大蒸發池經過5天風吹日曬,讓海水鹽度慢慢從3%增加到11%;

算一算前後得經過二十幾天的風吹日曬,
the water is exposed to the sun and wind for over 20 days
Diff:
# 風吹日曬 风吹日晒 [feng1 chui1 ri4 shai4] /to be exposed to the elements/
+ 風吹日曬 风吹日晒 [feng1 chui1 ri4 shai4] /(idiom) to be exposed to the elements/

Change log entry 68893
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-15 04:23:19 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64168 - submitted by 'polaris' >>
1、古俗,端午日采艾浸酒,飲之以祛邪。
▶ 宋 · 陳元靚《歲時廣記・端午上》:「《金門歲節》:‘洛陽人家端午造朮羹艾酒,以花綵樓閣插鬢,賜辟瘟扇、梳。’」


2、absinthe
From 《外教社・柯林斯汉英大词典》|https://dict.hjenglish.com/w/%E8%89%BE%E9%85%92
Diff:
# 艾酒 艾酒 [ai4 jiu3] /moxa wine/
+ 艾酒 艾酒 [ai4 jiu3] /wine flavored with Chinese mugwort/

Change log entry 68892
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-15 02:17:50 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64757 - submitted by 'sl89' >>
* cf. my proposed correction of 捏, since 泥人 are 捏成的.
* No idea where Wenlin got that verb sense. Which is not to say it's wrong, it looks too weird to be a misunderstanding, but it would definitely be very uncommon. Maybe 泥+人, but 泥 doesn't seem to mean “to pester”.

【Wenlin】
n[oun]. 〈art〉 clay figurine
v[erb]. 〈coll.〉 pester; be a nuisance

【Pleco】
NOUN clay figurine
| 彩塑泥人
| painted clay figurine

【LAC】
用泥(多是黏土)捏成的人像;也指陶俑。
| 捏~
| 天津~
| 无锡~。

【MoE】
用泥土塑成的人偶。
| 《西游记.第三九回》:「那一指,就使个定身法,众官俱莫能行动。真个是校尉阶前如木偶,将军殿上似泥人。」
也称为「泥孩儿」、「泥娃娃」。

【规范】
名 用泥土捏成的人像;也指陶俑。

【百科】
雕塑的一种,使用泥土(天津西郊区古河道地下一米红色黏土为佳)为原料,多表现人物。有著名的泥人张。(冯骥才《俗世奇人》)
https://baike.baidu.com/item/泥人/16857251
Diff:
+ 泥人 泥人 [ni2 ren2] /clay figurine/

Change log entry 68891
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-15 01:38:31 GMT)
Diff:
- 吃吃 吃吃 [chi1 chi1] /(onom.) sound of muffled laughter/sound of stammering/
+ 吃吃 吃吃 [chi1 chi1] /(onom.) sound of muffled laughter (chuckling, tittering etc)/sound of stammering/

Change log entry 68890
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-14 23:41:30 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64639 - submitted by 'sl89' >>
Both senses, sound of laughter and stammering, are well attested; the issue here is the pronunciation. ABC says it can be pronounced chīchī or qīqī and both are types of laughter (stifled and giggling), no other dictionary distinguishes types of laughter. 现代汉语大词典 says when read chīchī it's the sound of stammering, while when read qīqī it is the sound of laughter. 规范词典 only has the pronunciation chīchī which for both the sound of laughter and stammering (&枪弹声等). I'm submitting both senses I have evidence for and the only pronunciation I have no doubts about.

【Wenlin】
chīchī: on. sound of stifled laugh See also qīqī
qīqī: on. sound of giggling See also chīchī

【Pleco(chīchī)】
ONOMATOPOEIA
giggle; titter; chuckle
| 她吃吃地笑出声来。
| She giggled.

【规范(chīchī)】
拟声 模拟笑声、口吃声和枪弹声等
| 他听了吃吃直笑
| 一急就吃吃地说不下去
| 子弹从耳边吃吃飞过。

【现代汉语大词典】
chīchī:形容说话结结巴巴。
| ‘这这些些都是费话’, 又一个学者吃吃的说, 立刻把鼻尖胀得通红。
鲁迅《理水》
qīqī:形容笑声。
| 我忽而听到夜半的笑声, 吃吃地, 似乎不愿意惊动睡着的人。
鲁迅《秋夜》


她高兴地发出吃吃笑声.
She gave a delighted giggle.

他在她后面紧紧地跟着,她听见他一路吃吃地暗笑.
He was close behind her and she could hear him laughing softly to himself.

我弟弟看漫画书的时候总是会吃吃地笑.
My brother always chuckles when he reads a comic book.

他经常说话吃吃的.
He often stammers during his speeches.

那人点一点头,眼睛仍然向上瞪着;也低声吃吃的说道,“你看,——看这是什么呢?”
The other woman nods, but her eyes do not move from the spot on which they are fixed. Her voice is gentle, too, as she stammers, "Look . . . look there . . . what . . . what's that?" (Lyell)
鲁迅《药》

当初,是自己的耳朵也听到自己的嘴说些什么的,可是逐渐胡涂起来,竟至于不再知道说什么,待到发挥"石勒之雄图"的时候,便只听得吃吃地窃笑的声音了。
At first, his ears made him aware of the words that were coming from his mouth, but then gradually they tuned out and he no longer knew what his mouth was saying. By the time he got to "The Ambitious Plans of Shi Le," he heard nothing but a swelling flood of laughter that now burst through the dikes of lips no longer able to contain it. (Lyell)
鲁迅《高老夫子》

-----------------------------

Editor:
1) ABC says its entry
吃吃 ³qīqī on. sound of giggling
is based on Far East dictionary ("reference vfe192a1"), but my copy of that dictionary has an entry that says the pronunciation is jíjí (but is otherwise identical to ABC's).
It may be a case of ABC copying incorrectly.

2) Grand Ricci has an entry for 吃吃而笑 in which 吃吃 is pronounced jíjí.

3) Grand Ricci says 吃吃 is onomatopoeia for the sound of a muffled laugh ("un rire étouffé").
In other words, 吃吃 is different from an unrestrained 哈哈 -- as you would expect from the pronunciation of those two words.
Diff:
# 吃吃 吃吃 [chi1 chi1] /(onom.) sound of laughter/sound of stammering/
+ 吃吃 吃吃 [chi1 chi1] /(onom.) sound of muffled laughter/sound of stammering/

Change log entry 68889
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-14 20:48:55 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65302 - submitted by 'monigeria' >>
New popular phrase.

吸 = 吸毒.


https://language.chinadaily.com.cn/2018-01/15/content_35505177.htm
猫经济兴起 今天你“吸猫”了吗?

https://zhuanlan.zhihu.com/p/30636890
“吸猫”是什么梗?

吸猫(XīMāo),本义是指对猫很有吸引力,又称吸猫体质,后演变为一种对猫极度的喜爱之情,会忍不住做出一些亲亲抱抱的亲昵举动,和猫咪相处会有极大满足感。
Diff:
# 吸貓 吸猫 [xi1 mao1] /to get high off of cats/
+ 吸貓 吸猫 [xi1 mao1] /(neologism c. 2017) to dote on cats/

Change log entry 68888
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-14 15:12:32 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65388 - submitted by 'sl89' >>
【Wenlin】
v[erb].o[bject construction].
① play a hoax on sb.
② cheat; deceive
③ intimidate people

【LAC】
虚张声势地蒙骗人;惊吓人。
| 你少~了!这世上哪有鬼!

【MoE】
欺骗惊吓别人。如:「你少唬人!事情没有你说的那么严重。」

【规范】
动 吓唬人; 蒙骗人。


纽约是世界上最有礼貌的城市?别唬人了
New York the politest city in the world? Get outta here!

我见过有些女人的照片。她们使自己的身体呈流线型,看上去如此迷人,明摆着是唬人的。这层魔障一旦被打破,她们一走起来,就能看出她们也不过是些寻常女子。
I had seen photographs of women that streamlined their shapes and made them look so alluring that you knew it was all a trick, that once the spell was broken, and they moved, you would see that they were just ordinary women.

之后,他还让前来采访的媒体记者自己拨通了电话,以此证明这项新奇的发明的确有效,而并非是一个精心设下的唬人的骗局。
He then let reporters make their own calls to verify that the invention actually worked and that they weren't the victims of an elaborate hoax.


面對高潮迭起的不老事蹟,王中天為自己下的註解卻是:「我這一生,都是唬人的!」
Confronted with his impressive series of accomplishments as a senior citizen, he notes: "I've been bluffing people my whole life!"
https://www.taiwan-panorama.com/Articles/Details?Guid=88328bf8-7fd9-4c1f-be4a-94daeb6b9893&CatId=1

不過,被普司通點名為侵權者之一的唯宏科技公司總經理藍明輝卻認為,他們擁有幾份由國內合法鑑定機構所作的報告,報告中明白指出台商進口的產品並沒有侵權,美方卻還苦纏不休,不但請託貿易代表向政府施壓、還搬出間諜法來「唬人」
But Peter Lan, general manager of the National Flower Technical Trading Company, which is one of the defendants in the Princeton suit, holds that they have reports from several legally accredited domestic organizations that clearly show that the im porting Taiwan firms have not encroached upon Princeton's patents.
He says that the Americans are using everything at their disposal, not only asking trade representatives to put pressure on the government, but also bringing up the EEA to cow people into submission.
https://www.taiwan-panorama.com/Articles/Details?Guid=e4005990-de7c-4f58-8ba3-eb6b572df6f1&CatId=1


拉大旗做虎皮,不但有效,而且有趣,至于是否恬不知耻,何必去管。譬如邓小平去世后,我就看到了文坛上几个一辈子以整人为业、写了许多没有人味的文章的"革命"作家的自作多情的悼念文章。其中一篇文章的题目叫做《敬爱的邓政委救了我》,咋一看这题目,着实是唬人 ,还以为他跟邓小平有非同一般的关系,很像二野的师长旅长的口气,最次不济也是邓小平的炊事员、马夫什么的。但读了文章,才发现根本就不是那么回事。这个人其实是被刘邓大军俘虏过来的国民党兵,撕下帽子上的青天白日徽章就算参加了革命,然后就一直在革命队伍里混事。
莫言《会唱歌的强》

他慢慢冲着这个土匪走过去,一双大黑眼直勾勾地瞪着张文的脸。“开枪吧,小子,开枪。”张文鼓了一会儿眼睛。没人这么顶撞过他。他以前每次拿枪唬人 ,多一半人都怕他,他不加思索,就立时宰了他们。宝庆却公开向他挑战,叫他开枪。张文杀过很多人,不过他不想当着这么多证人,落个蓄意杀人。
老舍《鼓书艺人》

刘会元甩了瘸子一个翘趄。这时,坐在一边两个满脸横肉的汉子噌地站了起来。一看他们,我笑了,这两汉子坐着十分唬人 ,上身宽大,但一站起来却只到我膈肢窝,一个o型腿一个x型腿。
王朔《玩的就是心跳》

前不久,我去香港参加一个会议。刚住下,一起来开会的内地某报社记者狡黠地塞给我一张名片,说:“你瞧,这是明骗,明着骗。”这是他途经深圳时一位素不相识的人送的。名片的正面写着“中港证件(集团)公司”,好家伙!证件还有“集团”公司,其规模究竟有多大?当然是用来唬人 的。公司名称下面还有一行字,引人注目:“尽我所能,为你所需”。
人民日报《1999年11月29日》
Diff:
+ 唬人 唬人 [hu3 ren2] /to scare people/to bluff/to deceive/

Change log entry 68887
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-14 15:00:13 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65005 - submitted by 'richwarm' >>
A 铅活字印刷机 is not a typesetting machine.
It's a (kind of) printing press (印刷机).

铅活字印刷机是 [...]整版面进行印刷工作的旧式印刷机,...
https://baike.baidu.com/item/%E9%93%85%E6%B4%BB%E5%AD%97%E5%8D%B0%E5%88%B7%E6%9C%BA

Can be regarded as a construct - 铅 + 活字 + 印刷机
Diff:
= 印刷機 印刷机 [yin4 shua1 ji1] /printing press/
- 鉛活字印刷機 铅活字印刷机 [qian1 huo2 zi4 yin4 shua1 ji1] /lead typesetting machine/

Change log entry 68886
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-14 14:52:08 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65341 - submitted by 'vermillon' >>
A more appropriate English idiom would be welcome.

GR also has the following variants:
雞蛋碰鵝卵石
雞蛋碰碌軸
Diff:
# 雞蛋碰石頭 鸡蛋碰石头 [ji1 dan4 peng4 shi2 tou5] /lit. an egg striking a rock/fig. to attack sb stronger than oneself/
+ 雞蛋碰石頭 鸡蛋碰石头 [ji1 dan4 peng4 shi2 tou5] /lit. an egg colliding with a rock (idiom)/fig. to attack sb stronger than oneself/to overrate one's abilities/

Change log entry 68885
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-14 14:37:45 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65211 - submitted by 'monigeria' >>
Heard on TW TV.

It’s an abbreviation of 精神障碍.

Editor: 6k for site:.cn vs 65k for site:.tw
Diff:
# 精障 精障 [jing1 zhang4] /mental disorder/
+ 精障 精障 [jing1 zhang4] /mental disorder (abbr. for 精神障礙|精神障碍[jing1 shen2 zhang4 ai4]) (Tw)/

Change log entry 68884
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-14 13:10:08 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64366 - submitted by 'sl89' >>
*张勋

【LAC】
人名(1854-1923),字绍轩,江西奉新人。初隶广西提督苏元春部为参将,清光绪二十一年(1895),随袁世凯镇压山东义和团,升至总兵。宣统三年(1911),任江南提督,镇守南京。辛亥革命时,顽抗革命军,被江浙联军击败,退守徐州一带。清廷仍授他为江苏巡抚兼署两江总督、南洋大臣。民国成立后,袁世凯任大总统,所部改称武卫前军,驻兖州。为表效忠清室,遂禁其部卒剪去发辫,本人及所部均留发辫,人称「辫帅」,所部称「辫子军」。二次革命中奉袁世凯命,率部往南京镇压讨袁军。1916年,袁死后,在徐州成立北洋七省同盟,不久任安徽督军,扩充至十三省同盟,阴谋策划清室复辟。1917年6月,以调解「府院之争」,率兵入京,解散国会并赶走大总统黎元洪。7月1日,与康有为等保皇党拥护清逊帝溥仪复辟,改民国六年为宣统九年,恢复前清官制,遭到举国上下一致反对。12日,被段祺瑞击败,张勋逃至荷兰使馆。后病死天津。
[* LAC mistakenly gives the simplified Chinese characters as 張勋, but uses the right simplified character in the entry for 张勋复辟.]

【MoE】
人名。(西元1844~1923)字少轩,清末江西奉新人。官至江南提督,署两江总督,民国六年,在长江巡阅使任内,率军入北京,迎清逊帝溥仪复位,旋即失败。

【Wikipedia】
张勋(1854年12月14日-1923年9月11日),原名张和,字少轩,号松寿老人,中国江西奉新县赤田村人。清末民初将领,官至江南提督(署两江总督)、长江巡阅使、定武上将军。民国六年(1917年)张勋发动政变,拥戴宣统皇帝复辟,自任政务总长(即总理、首相)兼首席议政大臣,史称张勋复辟。失败后避居天津租界,北洋政府将他特赦,又任其“全国林垦督办”,张勋不就,1923年病逝,前清宣统帝谥之为忠武。
Zhang Xun (simplified Chinese: 张勋; traditional Chinese: 張勳; pinyin: Zhāng Xūn or; Wade–Giles: Chang Hsün; September 16, 1854 – September 11, 1923), courtesy name Shaoxuan, was a Qing loyalist general who attempted to restore the abdicated emperor Puyi in the Manchu Restoration of 1917. He also supported Yuan Shikai during his time as president.
https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E5%BC%B5%E5%8B%B3
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhang_Xun

【百度百科】
张勋(1854年-1923年9月11日),原名张和,字少轩、绍轩,号松寿老人,江西省奉新县人,中国近代北洋军阀势力之一。清末任云南、甘肃、江南提督。
清朝覆亡后,为表示效忠清室,张勋禁止所部剪辫子,被称为“辫帅”。1913年镇压讨袁军。后任长江巡阅使、安徽督军。1917年以调停"府院之争"为名,率兵进入北京,于7月1日与康有为拥溥仪复辟,但12日为皖系军阀段祺瑞的“讨逆军”所击败,逃入荷兰驻华公使馆。后病死于天津,谥号忠武。
https://baike.baidu.com/item/%E5%BC%A0%E5%8B%8B/2300

* 张勋复辟

【LAC】
中华民国六年(1917)5月,大总统黎元洪与国务院总理段祺瑞发生「府院之争」。6月,安徽督军张勋奉黎元洪之召,以十三省军事盟主名义,率兵入京。先以武力解散国会,驱逐黎元洪。接着于7月1日伙同清朝遗老康有为等拥立逊位的清宣统皇帝溥仪复辟,改民国六年为宣统九年,恢复前清官制,遭到举国上下一致反对。段祺瑞以反复辟为名,在马场誓师讨张。12日,张勋兵败。为期12天的复辟收场。因在丁巳年,也作「丁巳复辟」。

【Wikipedia】
张勋复辟(1917年7月1日 - 1917年7月12日),是指张勋与其旧长官宗社党党人铁良等清朝遗老一手策划,于民国六年(1917年)7月1日拥护时年12岁的逊位皇帝溥仪在北京复辟的政变,因发生在丁巳年,时人称之为丁巳复辟,又因张勋所部的定武军,人称辫军,故称辫军复辟[3][4]。前后历时共十二天,被段祺瑞讨伐而失败,张勋流亡天津。该复辟政权所控制的范围仅有北京城,且仅有12天,因此一般仅将其作为民国史中北洋军阀混战的一部分看待,也不计入清朝历史。
The Manchu Restoration of July 1917 was an attempt to restore monarchy in China by General Zhang Xun, whose army seized Beijing and briefly reinstalled the last emperor of the Qing dynasty, Puyi, to the throne. The restoration lasted only a few days, from July 1 to July 12, and was quickly reversed by Republican troops. Despite the uprising's popular name ("Manchu Restoration"), almost all reactionary putschists were ethnic Han Chinese.
https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E5%BC%B5%E5%8B%B3%E5%BE%A9%E8%BE%9F
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manchu_Restoration

* 丁巳复辟

【百度百科】
丁巳复辟,又称张勋复辟、溥仪复辟,是民国六年(1917年,丁巳年)6月,张勋利用黎元洪与段祺瑞的矛盾,率5000“辫子兵”,借“调停”为名于6月14日进北京。急电各地清朝遗老进京,“襄赞复辟大业”,拥戴已退位的清末代皇帝溥仪复辟。
https://baike.baidu.com/item/%E4%B8%81%E5%B7%B3%E5%A4%8D%E8%BE%9F/23187530

(Also noted on LAC and Wikipedia as an alternative name for 张勋复辟)
Diff:
+ 張勳 张勋 [Zhang1 Xun1] /Zhang Xun (1854-1923), Qing loyalist general who attempted to restore the abdicated emperor Puyi 溥儀|溥仪[Pu3 yi2] to the throne in the Manchu Restoration of 1917 張勳復辟|张勋复辟[Zhanɡ1 Xun1 Fu4 bi4]/
+ 張勳復辟 张勋复辟 [Zhang1 Xun1 Fu4 bi4] /Manchu Restoration of 1917, an attempt by general 張勳|张勋[Zhanɡ1 Xun1] to reinstate the monarchy in China by restoring the abdicated emperor Puyi 溥儀|溥仪[Pu3 yi2] to the throne/
+ 丁巳復辟 丁巳复辟 [Ding1 si4 Fu4 bi4] /Manchu Restoration of 1917, see 張勳復辟|张勋复辟[Zhanɡ1 Xun1 Fu4 bi4]/

Change log entry 68881
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-14 12:56:26 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65529 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Found in ABC

Found in Book: Developing Chinese, Advanced Comprehensive Course 1
-> 台湾人对高山族人的称呼。

Editor: thanks for your submission. Someone else already submitted this entry a while ago, so we'll process it soon.
Diff:
# 山胞 山胞 [shan1 bao1] /Gaoshan nationality (indigenous people of Taiwan)/

Change log entry 68880
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-14 12:23:05 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65222 - submitted by 'goldyn_chyld' >>
M: 用釘書針將紙張裝訂成冊的機器。也作「訂書機」。
GF says 现在一般写作 "订书机"

can also make 钉书机 a variant if you like
Diff:
+ 釘書機 钉书机 [ding4 shu1 ji1] /stapler/

Change log entry 68879
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-14 12:06:32 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64941 - submitted by 'sl89' >>
* 雷射笔 can be seen in PRC media, but it seems much less common than 激光笔.

【Wikipedia:激光笔】
激光笔(Laser pointer),又称激光指示器,是将半导体激光模组(二极管)设计、加工制成的便携、手易持握的发射可见激光的笔型发射器。
https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E6%BF%80%E5%85%89%E7%AC%94
(See table 「“Laser Pointer”的各地常用别名」 on this page)


能借用一下您的激光笔吗?。
Could I borrow a laser pointer from you?

方法很简单,实际上只要手头有只激光笔就能办到。
The approach is so easy, in fact, that anyone with a laser pointer can do it.

品质数码电子有限公司专注于数码产品的制造和售销,现行的主要产品有USBHUB,读卡器,无线激光笔等数码电子产品。
Quality Digital Electronic Co. , Ltd. (QDE) is a specialized manufacturer and sales of electronic products, major products including USB HUB, Card Reader, LC laser pointer etc.

2019年8月7日,香港市民在太空馆外用雷射笔集体观星,抗议警方对购买雷射笔的浸会大学学生会会长方仲贤以涉嫌藏有攻击性武器拘捕。摄:林振东/端传媒
https://theinitium.com/article/20190907-hongkong-photo-august-anti-extradition-bill/

香港暴徒竟用镭射笔射向驻港部队军营
http://news.ifeng.com/c/7pfF8doBFiJ

吴亦凡出席活动,遭台下观众用雷射笔照射
http://baijiahao.baidu.com/s?id=1642365055928199969

恶劣!民众用雷射笔照射夜航直升机影响飞行安全
http://news.ifeng.com/c/7fba9R3qbuq

香港示威者以雷射筆照射港警直升機 (圖)
https://tw.news.yahoo.com/%E9%A6%99%E6%B8%AF%E7%A4%BA%E5%A8%81%E8%80%85%E4%BB%A5%E9%9B%B7%E5%B0%84%E7%AD%86%E7%85%A7%E5%B0%84%E6%B8%AF%E8%AD%A6%E7%9B%B4%E5%8D%87%E6%A9%9F-%E5%9C%96-121028347.html

主辦單位邀請民眾身穿黑衣、攜帶雷射筆走上街頭撐港,展現台港同心對抗極權中國的意志。
https://m.ltn.com.tw/news/world/paper/1321260
Diff:
+ 雷射筆 雷射笔 [lei2 she4 bi3] /laser pointer (Tw)/
+ 激光筆 激光笔 [ji1 guang1 bi3] /laser pointer/

Change log entry 68878
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-14 11:06:26 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65354 - submitted by 'paparonc' >>
I'd found this word on various occasions while looking for some equipment at my job. It may or may not be helpful for someone, but I wanted to try adding words that I found on my own here.

On the Chinese Wikipedia version, "哺乳期" links to "母乳哺育"
https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E6%AF%8D%E4%B9%B3%E5%93%BA%E8%82%B2
-----------------------------------

Editor: Thanks for taking the trouble to submit.
I'll accept it this time, but it's a word whose meaning can be readily understood from its components (哺乳 and 期).
So it's a bit borderline from our point of view.
Diff:
# 哺乳期 哺乳期 [bu3 ru3 qi1] /breastfeeding period, suckling period/
+ 哺乳期 哺乳期 [bu3 ru3 qi1] /breastfeeding period/lactation period/suckling period/

Change log entry 68877
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-14 10:56:23 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 63592 - submitted by 'polaris' >>
1、
竭盡全力。
如:「這件事由於他傾力相助,終於圓滿完成。」
From 國語辭典-萌典/https://www.moedict.tw/%E5%82%BE%E5%8A%9B

2、倾注全部力量
» 倾力打造新品牌 |倾力于新产品的研发
From 《现代汉语词典》
http://www.guoxuedashi.com/kangxi/pic.php?f=xdhycd&p=1058

3、exert all one's strength; do all one can; use every exertion;
From 【PLC】/《汉英词典·姚小平》
Diff:
# 傾力 倾力 [qing1 li4] /do all one can/
+ 傾力 倾力 [qing1 li4] /to do one's utmost/

Change log entry 68876
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-14 10:42:19 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65258 - submitted by 'monigeria' >>
Heard this used in a 油管 video first.


ex:
AB黄晓明离婚了么?
《中国机长》ab贡献演艺生涯演技高光时刻,动情落泪感动网友!
Diff:
# AB AB [A B] /Angelababy/

Change log entry 68875
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-14 10:33:20 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 62703 - submitted by 'sl89' >>
* Also 牙印儿 and 牙印子, I'm thinking one entry should be enough.

【Wenlin】
n. teeth print (left on sth.)

【MoE】
用牙齿咬过后所留下的痕迹。也称为「牙印儿」。

【规范】
名 <口> 牙齿的印痕。



三块肢骨化石,包括两块趾骨化石和一块上肢化石都啃咬后留下的大大的牙印。
Three foot bone fossils, including two toes, and one arm fossil all retained big tooth marks due to feeding.

他带着奶酪去找牙医,让他拿在高尔夫俱乐部找到的奶酪对照牙印。
He took the pieces of the cheese to a dentist and asked him to compare the bite-marks with that in the piece of cheese found at the golf club.

“那些牙印就是典型的霸王龙的牙印,因为其它肉食恐龙不可能留下这么大的牙印,”他说道,并补充说霸王龙的牙齿足足有八英寸长。
"The tooth marks are typical of tyrannosaur tooth marks, and are just too big to come from any other carnivorous dinosaur, " he said, adding that T. rex teeth were about 8 inches long.

后警察告诉他牙印的事,那人不得不认罪。
Then the policeman told him about the bite-marks and the man had to admit his stealing.

以前在骨头上发现的牙印,大部分不是攻击性天敌留下的猎伤就是食腐动物在其死后撕扯的痕迹。
Tooth marks on bones have been found before, but often as damage left by attacking predators or scavengers that tore at the carcass after the animal died.

在我上学的那时候,女孩们常把铅笔咬得满身牙印,而男生通常会用指甲剔掉上面的漆。
When I was in school, girls would put teethmarks all over their pencils, while boys would chip off the paint with fingernails.
Diff:
+ 牙印 牙印 [ya2 yin4] /teeth marks (left on sth)/bite marks/

Change log entry 68874
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-14 10:22:36 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65560 - submitted by 'richwarm' >>
LA PLC K GF
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%E5%8B%81%E8%88%9E

Wp ~ 勁舞 (電影):美國電影Flashdance的香港譯名

TP
身穿艷紅原住民服飾的碧候「比亞豪」舞蹈團,在原住民歌手萬沙浪的錄音歌聲中跳了二支活力勁舞,舞姿大方、自信,看來頗具表演經驗,
Clad in bright red traditional aboriginal garb, the Piyahaw's Piyahaw Dance Troupe danced energetically to a song by aboriginal singer Wan Sha-lang, their gestures expansive and full of confidence, looking for all the world as if they had many years of dancing experience under their belts.

由三段故事組成,描述新新人類叛逆冒險心情的新片《惡女列傳》,在上映前舉行造勢晚會,用熱歌勁舞吸引觀眾。
The promoters of Bad Girl Trilogy held a rally before its premiere. Their hope was that song and dance routines might entice people to see its depictions of danger-courting and rebellious Taiwanese youth.
Diff:
+ 勁舞 劲舞 [jing4 wu3] /to dance energetically/vigorous modern style of dance/

Change log entry 68873
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-14 09:47:40 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 63298 - submitted by 'richwarm' >>
1) It's noun phrase: "locusts tied together". Not a verb phrase (like locusts tied together / in it together / to sink or swim)

2) I think we can use "grasshopper" instead of "locust". Locusts are a particular type of grasshopper.

3) Locusts and grasshoppers are too small to tie together with rope. You use *string* (绳子).
Like in this picture:
http://wap.eastday.com/thumbnailimg/month_1605/0977d525-d642-4d5f-9063-4383ee0c1c09.gif

4) "in the same boat" implies that both are in a difficult situation
e.g. Longman ~ be in the same boat - to be in the same difficult situation that someone else is in

... whereas with 一条绳上的蚂蚱, the situation can be favorable
- 有了好处大家都能享受得到,但是受了损害大家都要付出。
- 荣辱共享
Diff:
- 一條繩上的螞蚱 一条绳上的蚂蚱 [yi1 tiao2 sheng2 shang4 de5 ma4 zha5] /lit. like locusts tied to one rope (idiom)/fig. in the same boat/in it together for better or worse/to sink or swim together/
+ 一條繩上的螞蚱 一条绳上的蚂蚱 [yi1 tiao2 sheng2 shang4 de5 ma4 zha5] /lit. grasshoppers tied together with a piece of string (idiom)/fig. people who are in it together for better or worse/people who will sink or swim together/

Change log entry 68872
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-14 09:46:35 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65561 - submitted by 'richwarm' >>
Executive summary:
- "hot compress" is 热敷布, not 热敷.
- 热敷 means "application of a hot compress"; it doesn't refer to the hot cloth (hot compress).

--------------------------

Details:
1) A "hot compress" is a physical object (such as a cloth dipped in hot water or a bag of hot sand) that is applied to a part of the body.

"A soft, absorbent cloth folded into several layers, dipped in hot water 107° to 115°F (41.7° to 46.1°C), barely wrung out, and placed on the part to be treated. It is covered with a piece of cloth."
https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/hot+compress


2) 热敷, on the other hand, is a verb.
LA ~ 把熱的溼毛巾、熱沙袋或熱水袋等放在病變部位的皮膚上,以增強局部血液循環,促使發炎症狀消退(與「冷敷」相對)​。
J examples:
- 热敷前要试好温度,
- 热敷时先将其浸入热水(是沸水)大约5分钟。

Or, as a noun, it is a kind of treatment ("application of a hot compress to the skin") -- not the physical hot cloth itself.

Another example:
还可将炒热的盐或沙子包在布袋里热敷
"One can also apply a hot compress made by filling a bag with pan-heated salt or sand."


3) "hot compress" is 熱敷布, not 熱敷. See the following dictionary entry:

compress - noun [ C ]
a thick, soft piece of cloth that is pressed to a part of a person's body to stop bleeding or to reduce pain or swelling
: a cold/hot compress: 冷/熱敷布
https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english-chinese-traditional/compress
Diff:
- 熱敷 热敷 [re4 fu1] /hot compress/
+ 熱敷 热敷 [re4 fu1] /to apply a hot compress/
+ 熱敷布 热敷布 [re4 fu1 bu4] /hot compress/
#
- 冷敷 冷敷 [leng3 fu1] /cold compress/
+ 冷敷 冷敷 [leng3 fu1] /to apply a cold compress/
+ 冷敷布 冷敷布 [leng3 fu1 bu4] /cold compress/

Change log entry 68871
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-14 09:45:43 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65562 - submitted by 'richwarm' >>
Based on its verb+法 construction, it seems unlikely that it could be used as a verb.
I expect that, like 写法, it's a noun that can't be used as a verb.

Ref:
熨法,读音yùn fǎ,汉语词语,意思是中医外治法。... 中医外治法。有药熨、汤熨、酒熨、铁熨、葱熨、土熨等法。借助药性及温暖作用,直接作用于患处或有关部位,使气血通畅,以达到治病或缓解病痛的作用。
https://baike.baidu.com/item/%E7%86%A8%E6%B3%95

Usage:
- 臨床研究認為,熨法與熏蒸騰法一樣,都是屬於暴露療法,
- 禁忌症:熨法忌用於皮膚破損處、
https://kknews.cc/health/mgz3nog.html
Diff:
- 熨法 熨法 [yun4 fa3] /to apply a hot compress (Chinese medicine)/
+ 熨法 熨法 [yun4 fa3] /application of a hot compress (TCM)/

Change log entry 68870
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-14 09:41:57 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64514 - submitted by 'sl89' >>
【Wenlin】
v.o. edge (with lace/etc.)

【LAC】
将其他物品嵌入或包覆在物体边缘。也指嵌入或包覆在物体边缘的带状物。
| 给裙子下摆~
| 衣服的圆领上有道蓝色~。

【MoE】
将一种东西镶嵌在另一种物体的边缘。

【Pleco】
VERB
edge; border; rim
| 她衣领上镶着一道红边。
| The collar of her jacket is edged with red.
| 他的眼镜是镶金边的。
| His glasses have gold rims.

【规范词典】
动 给物体的四周加上边儿。


蒙古族服饰镶边艺术是蒙古族服饰艺术的重要组成部分。
The embroidering art of Mongolian costumes is an important part of the art of Mongolian costumes.

窗帘是棉布,但是用了来自乌兹别克斯坦的扎染布镶边。
The curtains are made from cotton muslin edged with a real ikat shipped over from Uzbekistan.

在德国,这本书用最好的意大利纸印刷,还有手工制作的金镶边,一个放大镜作为特殊的标记一同出现。
Printed in Germany on the best Italian paper, with the edges gold-plated by hand, the book comes with a special marker with a magnifier.

他摔倒时额头碰在了路边镶边石上.
He hit his forehead against the kerb when he fell.

我的老祖母过去总是用花边给她的桌布镶边.
My old granny always used to edge her table - cloths with lace.

朵朵乌云银镶边.
Every cloud have its silver lining.

没有多久,又见几个兵,在那边走动;衣服前后的一个大白圆圈,远地里也看得清楚,走过面前的,并且看出号衣上暗红的镶边。
Before too long, he notices some soldiers moving about. Even in the distance, he can make out the white circles on the fronts and backs of their uniforms. When they march past him on the way to the intersection, he sees that their uniforms are bordered with dark red. (Lyell)
Presently he saw some soldiers strolling around. The large white circles on their uniforms, both in front and behind, were clear even at a distance; and as they drew nearer, the dark red border could be seen too. (Yangs)
Shortly after, he saw a few soldiers march towards and then past him, the large white circle on their chests and backs clearly visible even from a distance. As they passed him, he noted the dark red border on their uniforms. (Lovell)
鲁迅,《药》
Diff:
+ 鑲邊 镶边 [xiang1 bian1] /edge/border/to edge (with lace, embroidery etc)/

Change log entry 68869
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-14 09:40:38 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64962 - submitted by 'richwarm' >>
I think it's a transitive verb: to make sth "hot"; to heat sth (e.g. prices) up (thru advertising etc).
NOT a stative verb / adjective: "hot".

K GF

TP 「因媒體炒熱並帶動市場,顧客成長速度飛快,許多人為了撿便宜、尋找限量及停產品而來,只要貨源充足、齊全,獲利還是不錯的。」
"With the media spotlight on this trend, customers virtually flock in, with a lot coming in to look for a bargain, or to find limited-run or out-of-production things. So as long as we keep up a steady supply of goods, our profits will be pretty good."
Diff:
- 炒熱 炒热 [chao3 re4] /hot (i.e. selling well)/to raise prices by speculation/to hype/
+ 炒熱 炒热 [chao3 re4] /to raise prices by speculation/to hype/

Change log entry 68868
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-14 09:20:17 GMT)
Comment: maybe better to put the (old) tag at the beginning of the gloss
Diff:
- 寵幸 宠幸 [chong3 xing4] /(esp. of the Emperor) to show special favor towards (old)/
+ 寵幸 宠幸 [chong3 xing4] /(old) (esp. of the Emperor) to show special favor towards/

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