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Change log entry 67744
Processed by: richwarm (2019-07-22 10:08:24 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 63050 - submitted by 'haton' >>
short for 老鼠拉龟,无从下手
Diff:
+ 無從下手 无从下手 [wu2 cong2 xia4 shou3] /not know where to start/

Change log entry 67743
Processed by: richwarm (2019-07-22 02:55:32 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 63014 - submitted by 'monigeria' >>
Quick and dirty sub - will add more when I get a min.

Pretty sure my def is the equivalent English (work) “position” as in:

“A content moderator is suing Facebook because she says the things she saw on the job gave her PTSD.”

https://baike.baidu.com/item/鉴黄师/9601705?fr=aladdin
鉴黄师
鉴黄师是一个因为“扫黄打非”的需要而设立的特殊岗位。其工作内容,就是将办案单位送来的淫秽光碟一一审看,并根据内容开具鉴定结论。其职业特性对执业者有很高要求,鉴黄民警往往要承受心理、生理的双重压力。
------------------------------------

Editor: Content moderators deal with more than just pornography -- e.g. violence and gore. And it's generally online.
According to the Baike article, 鉴黄师s deal with offline material like 光碟 as well, and more importantly, it seems they are specifically looking for pornography (after all, the job title has 黄 in the middle).

依托腾讯领先的DeepEye图片鉴黄技术,准确快速输出每张目标图片属于“正常”、“性感”、“色情”的概率,有效帮助用户鉴别色情图片。
Diff:
# 鑒黃師 鉴黄师 [jian4 huang2 shi1] /content moderator/
#
# Editor:
+ 鑑黃師 鉴黄师 [jian4 huang2 shi1] /content moderator specializing in pornographic material (both online and offline)/
+ 鑑黃 鉴黄 [jian4 huang2] /to inspect videos and other media for pornographic content/

Change log entry 67742
Processed by: richwarm (2019-07-22 01:41:38 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64240 - submitted by 'goldyn_chyld' >>
W: 修士(英语:friar,或fray),也稱修道士、隱修士,是天主教以及東正教對於男性修行者的稱呼,但並不屬於神職人員。除了以擔任神職人員為目標的一般修士之外,另有終身不做神父、專事修道的終身修士。
Diff:
+ 修道士 修道士 [xiu1 dao4 shi4] /friar/frater/

Change log entry 67741
Processed by: richwarm (2019-07-22 01:20:24 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64180 - submitted by 'polaris' >>
1、
( 1). 高峰。
▶ 南朝·梁·沈約《八詠•霜來悲落桐》:「上峰百丈絕,下趾萬尋縣。」
▶ 唐·段成式《酉陽雜俎•貶誤》:「遂隨入中岳,上峰險絕。」

( 2.) 舊稱上司。
▶ 《二十年目睹之怪現狀》第七一回:「除了上峰到任,循例道喜之外,朔望也不去上衙門。」
▶ 梁斌《紅旗譜》三五:「你是包商,我是縣長。你為的是賺錢,我為了執行上峰的公事。」
From 汉语大词典|http://www.guoxuedashi.com/hydcd/6744h.html

2、
(1)高峰。南朝梁·沈約〈八詠詩·霜來悲落桐〉:「上峰百丈絕,下趾萬尋懸。」唐·段成式《酉陽雜俎·續集·卷四·貶誤》:「遂隨入中岳,上峰險絕。」

(2)上級長官。《二十年目睹之怪現狀·第七一回》:「除了上峰到任,循例道喜之外,朔望也不去上衙門。」
From 萌典|國語辭典|https://www.moedict.tw/%E4%B8%8A%E5%B3%B0

3、upper;echelon; higher-up
From 《ABC 漢英大詞典》
Diff:
# 上峰 上峰 [shang4 feng1] /(dated) superior/bosses/
+ 上峰 上峰 [shang4 feng1] /peak/summit/(old) higher authorities/superiors/

Change log entry 67740
Processed by: richwarm (2019-07-21 23:54:18 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64238 - submitted by 'goldyn_chyld' >>
B: 导轨( guide rail):金属或其它材料制成的槽或脊,可承受、固定、引导移动装置或设备并减少其摩擦的一种装置。导轨表面上的纵向槽或脊,用于导引、固定机器部件、专用设备、仪器等。导轨又称滑轨、线性导轨、线性滑轨,用于直线往复运动场合,拥有比直线轴承更高的额定负载, 同时可以承担一定的扭矩,可在高负载的情况下实现高精度的直线运动。
Diff:
+ 導軌 导轨 [dao3 gui3] /(mechanics) guide rail/slideway/

Change log entry 67739
Processed by: richwarm (2019-07-21 23:43:50 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64239 - submitted by 'goldyn_chyld' >>
GF: 矫正弯曲使直。
改邪归正,矫直从善。
--------------------------------------

Editor: In GF's quote, you wouldn't call that "straighten".
Diff:
# 矯直 矫直 [jiao3 zhi2] /to straighten/
#
# Editor:
+ 矯直 矫直 [jiao3 zhi2] /to straighten/(fig.) to mend one's ways/
+ 矯直機 矫直机 [jiao3 zhi2 ji1] /(manufacturing) straightening machine/straightener/

Change log entry 67738
Processed by: richwarm (2019-07-21 23:19:10 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 62263 - submitted by 'kevinmaynard' >>
http://www.chinaknowledge.de/History/Terms/jiaosi.html
http://www.zdic.net/c/a/ee/243047.htm

“郊祀 jiāo sì (Relig. chin.) Sacrifice au Ciel et à la Terre dans le faubourg sud et le faubourg nord. ”

GRAND RICCI, vol. 1, p. 713, col. ii
----------------------------------------

Editor: 郊 (French "faubourg") doesn't mean "city" and indeed, based on your first reference (and Grand Ricci), "suburbs" seems more apt than "cities" ~

"In 32 BCE the altars were moved to the suburbs of the capital Chang'an, places which were reconfirmed and perpetuated by the usurper Wang Mang 王莽 (r. 8-23 CE). They remained in the suburbs of the respective main capital until the end of imperial times."
Diff:
# 郊祀 郊祀 [Jiao1 Si4] /annual sacrifice held in ancient times by the emperor to Heaven and Earth: to Heaven in the southern city, and to Earth in the Northern one. suburb/
#
# Editor:
+ 郊祀 郊祀 [jiao1 si4] /pair of annual sacrificial ceremonies held by the emperor in ancient times: one in the southern suburbs of the capital (bringing offerings to Heaven) and another in the northern suburbs (with offerings to Earth)/

Change log entry 67737
Processed by: richwarm (2019-07-21 22:52:08 GMT)
Comment: Oops. I meant to comment-out that line, of course.
Diff:
- 不管白猫黑猫,能捉到老鼠就是好猫 不管白猫黑猫,能捉到老鼠就是好猫 [bu4 guan3 bai2 mao1 hei1 mao1 , neng2 zhuo1 dao4 lao3 shu3 jiu4 shi4 hao3 mao1] /it does not matter whether the cat is black or white as long as it catches the mice (idiom)/

Change log entry 67736
Processed by: richwarm (2019-07-21 22:50:02 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64358 - submitted by 'vermillon' >>
https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E7%8C%AB%E8%AE%BA
-------------------------------

Editor:
1) Incorrect trad: 猫 --> 貓

2) I removed 能 because the 能-less version is a lot more common:
"白猫,能捉到老鼠就是好猫" - About 1,910 results
"白猫,捉到老鼠就是好猫" - About 9,080 results
(Google, verbatim setting)

3) I replaced 捉到 with 捉住 because that's more common as well (and it's also truer to Deng's original quote).
"白猫,捉到老鼠就是好猫" - About 9,080 results
"白猫,捉住老鼠就是好猫" - About 31,400 results

4) "(variant of a Sichuanese saying ...)"
It was actually *yellow* cats originally ~
<<1962年7月2日,中共中央书记处开会讨论“包产户”问题。1962年7月7日,邓小平接见出席共青团三届七中全会全体同志时,谈到了农业生产管理政策的调整问题,他引用刘伯承经常说起的四川谚语:“不管黄猫黑猫,只要捉住老鼠就是好猫”来表述他对恢复农业生产和包产到户的看法。
This soon became known as the black cat, white cat policy (the colors changed for some reason). >>
https://gaodawei.wordpress.com/2017/07/07/what-deng-really-said-yellow-cats-black-cats-not-white-cats-black-cats/
Diff:
+ 不管白猫黑猫,能捉到老鼠就是好猫 不管白猫黑猫,能捉到老鼠就是好猫 [bu4 guan3 bai2 mao1 hei1 mao1 , neng2 zhuo1 dao4 lao3 shu3 jiu4 shi4 hao3 mao1] /it does not matter whether the cat is black or white as long as it catches the mice (idiom)/
#
# Editor:
+ 不管白貓黑貓,捉住老鼠就是好貓 不管白猫黑猫,捉住老鼠就是好猫 [bu4 guan3 bai2 mao1 hei1 mao1 , zhuo1 zhu4 lao3 shu3 jiu4 shi4 hao3 mao1] /it doesn't matter whether a cat is white or black; as long as it catches mice it's a good cat (variant of a Sichuanese saying used in a speech by Deng Xiaoping 鄧小平|邓小平[Deng4 Xiao3 ping2] in 1962, usually associated with his economic reforms starting in 1978, in which pragmatism was favored over ideological purity)/

Change log entry 67735
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2019-07-21 16:25:35 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64355 - submitted by 'richwarm' >>
lit. corrosive 「身上會分泌腐蝕性液體」"secrete a corrosive fluid from their bodies."

lit. corrosiveness 幾乎和硫酸一樣具有高度腐蝕性。a level that made it almost as corrosive as sulfuric acid.

fig. corrosive 经济方面我们采取两手政策,既要开放,又不能盲目地无计划无选择地引进,更不能不对资本主义的腐蚀性影响进行坚决的抵制和斗争。

fig. corrosiveness 他認為,犯罪本身具有莫大的腐蝕性,會讓人不自覺地陷入漩渦般的魅惑,只要一旦接觸,終生都必須與「心癮」拔河奮戰。
Diff:
+ 腐蝕性 腐蚀性 [fu3 shi2 xing4] /(lit. and fig.) corrosive/corrosiveness/

Change log entry 67734
Processed by: richwarm (2019-07-21 04:48:36 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64339 - submitted by 'polaris' >>
1、
亦称“烧伤”或“烫伤”。由高温、强酸、强碱、电流、某些毒剂、射线等引起的局部损伤。按损伤深度分为三度。处理包括防治休克(中、大面积灼伤)、防治感染及创面处理。
From 辞海|http://www.guoxuedashi.com/hydcd/cihai_76036.html

2、
動植物因日晒或接觸火焰、化學藥物等而受傷。人體灼傷,輕者表皮發紅、疼痛,重者則傷及皮下組織,亦可引起休克。
From 萌典|國語辭典|https://www.moedict.tw/%E7%81%BC%E5%82%B7

3、(of fire, acid, etc) burn
From PLC/New Century

4、burn
From ABC 漢英大詞典
-------------------------------------

Editor:
1) noun
造成腐蝕性的灼傷、

2) verb
雙眼被四處迸濺的火星灼傷、

3) fig.
a) 三人的命运注定被熊熊的情欲与忌妒灼伤。

b) 為何憤怒一經挑起就高燒不退,灼傷許多無辜他人?
Why does anger take so long to subside and why are so many people hurt by it?
Diff:
# 灼傷 灼伤 [zhuo2 shang1] /(of fire, acid, etc) burn/
#
# Editor:
+ 灼傷 灼伤 [zhuo2 shang1] /a burn (tissue damage from heat, chemicals etc)/to burn (the skin etc)/(fig.) (of anger, jealousy etc) to hurt (sb)/

Change log entry 67733
Processed by: richwarm (2019-07-20 12:58:12 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64341 - submitted by 'polaris' >>
1、 經濟犯罪偵查。指檢察機關為獲得有無經濟犯罪事實、犯罪情節的有關證據,所採取的專門調查措施和強制措施。
» 例 「經偵部門對維護正常經濟秩序起了重要保障作用」。
From 兩岸詞典|LAC

2、
电视剧《猎狐》开机 致敬一线经侦民警|http://www.xinhuanet.com/local/2019-07/17/c_1124766515.htm
粤港澳三地警方研讨交流经侦工作 |http://www.xinhuanet.com/gangao/2019-05/24/c_1124539241.htm
经侦战线的“一把尖刀”——记黄浦公安分局经侦支队金融犯罪侦查队队长郭承华 |http://sh.xinhuanet.com/2019-01/15/c_137746200.htm
上海公安经侦一支队4年挽回110亿元,获国务院荣誉称号|https://www.thepaper.cn/newsDetail_forward_1692238
Diff:
+ 經偵 经侦 [jing1 zhen1] /economic crime investigation/

Change log entry 67732
Processed by: richwarm (2019-07-20 09:08:36 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64347 - submitted by 'goldyn_chyld' >>
https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E6%89%AD%E8%BD%AC
Diff:
- 扭轉 扭转 [niu3 zhuan3] /to reverse/to turn around (an undesirable situation)/
+ 扭轉 扭转 [niu3 zhuan3] /to reverse/to turn around (an undesirable situation)/(mechanics) torsion/

Change log entry 67731
Processed by: richwarm (2019-07-19 22:35:44 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64343 - submitted by 'goldyn_chyld' >>
K, A, etc
-------------------------------------------

Editor: 從內燃機引擎、二衝程、四衝程、噴射渦輪,一直到今年開始投入研發的電動引擎,對引擎一直情有獨鍾。
from combustion engines, including two- and four-stroke engines, to jet engines, and now they've even begun to develop electric engines.
Diff:
# 衝程 冲程 [chong1 cheng2] /stroke (mechanics)/
+ 衝程 冲程 [chong1 cheng2] /stroke (of a piston)/

Change log entry 67730
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2019-07-19 12:04:55 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64337 - submitted by 'vermillon' >>
https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E9%85%B8%E6%B0%91
Diff:
+ 酸民 酸民 [suan1 min2] /(Internet) troll/

Change log entry 67729
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2019-07-19 12:01:59 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64342 - submitted by 'polaris' >>
1、孳息(拉丁語:fructus),是民法法律概念,指由原物所产生的额外收益。根据民法,孳息分为天然孳息和法定孳息。
From https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E5%AD%B3%E6%81%AF

2、繁殖生息。
●晋江统《徙戎论》:「始徙之时,户落百数,子孙孳息,今以千计。」
●唐白居易《唐故虢州刺史崔公墓志铭》:「先是歙民畜马牛而生驹犊者,官书其数,吏掾为奸。公既下车,尽焚其籍,孳息货易,一无所问。」
●《明史•张本传》:「时马大孳息,畿内军民为畜牧所困。」
From 漢語大詞典|http://www.guoxuedashi.com/hydcd/127281g.html

3、
(1) 生長。《晉書·卷五六·江統傳》:「始徙之時,戶落百數,子孫孳息,今以千計,數世之後,必至殷熾。」

(2) 謂直接或間接由原物所產生的果實或收益,可分天然孳息與法定孳息,如果實為果樹的天然孳息,利息為資本的法定孳息。
From 萌典|國語辭典|https://www.moedict.tw/%E5%AD%B3%E6%81%AF

4、
对蒲波受贿犯罪所得财物及孳息予以追缴,上缴国库|http://www.xinhuanet.com/2019-07/18/c_1124770416.htm
对孙波受贿所得财物及其孳息予以追缴,上缴国库。|http://www.xinhuanet.com/2019-07/04/c_1124711643.htm
Diff:
+ 孳息 孳息 [zi1 xi1] /(law) fructus/

Change log entry 67728
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2019-07-19 07:21:48 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64340 - submitted by 'polaris' >>
1、刑事侦缉。
●《当代》1981年第3期:「今年八月,这二十个青年从省政法干校刑侦专业班毕业。」
●《文汇报》1985.8.29:「‘快!加速!’坐在第一辆摩托车车斗里的刑侦队长老程一边扣着上衣警扣,一边对紧握车把的侦察员小王大声命令道。」
From 漢語大詞典|http://www.guoxuedashi.com/hydcd/62439h.html

2、刑事侦查。
» ~人員

From 現代漢語詞典|http://www.guoxuedashi.com/kangxi/pic.php?f=xdhycd&p=1456

3、criminal investigation
From OCC/PLC
Diff:
+ 刑偵 刑侦 [xing2 zhen1] /criminal investigation/

Change log entry 67727
Processed by: richwarm (2019-07-19 02:20:22 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64336 - submitted by 'monigeria' >>
Just bought some cold cuts off of 河马 - they were called 冷切.

Another ex:
Avenue的冷切拼盘好不好吃? (Cold Cut Platter冷切拼盘)
------------------------------------

Editor: No evidence presented for "loanword".
It seems quite plausible to me that it's an abbreviation of 冷肉切片 rather than a direct loanword from "cold cuts".
Diff:
# 冷切 冷切 [leng3 qie4] /cold cuts (loanword)/
+ 冷切 冷切 [leng3 qie4] /cold cuts/

Change log entry 67726
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2019-07-18 07:34:04 GMT)
Comment: << reverting change log entry 67725 >>

Editor: not sure why the system let you process with incorrect py in the first place..
Diff:
- 暗哨兒 暗哨儿 [an4 saho4 r5] /whistle given as a secret signal/
+ 暗哨兒 暗哨儿 [an4 shao4 r5] /whistle given as a secret signal/

Change log entry 67725
Processed by: richwarm (2019-07-17 23:24:21 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64330 - submitted by 'polaris' >>
1、秘密的崗哨。
»劉亞樓《橫掃七百里》:「不管白天黑夜,陰雨晴晦,每一條路口都有暗哨,每一座山頭都有人巡邏。」
From 漢語大詞典|http://www.guoxuedashi.com/hydcd/226740q.html

2、秘密的或隐蔽的岗哨。
»明岗暗哨,戒备森严。
From 現代漢語規範詞典

3、hidden lookout
From PLC

4、hidden sentry post
From OCC

5、
李维民则调动大批警力,拔掉暗哨,进入塔寨村。|http://www.xinhuanet.com/2019-05/31/c_1124568389.htm
深山避暑为啥设暗哨? 原是一伙人丛林中聚赌 |http://m.xinhuanet.com/2017-08/17/c_1121496006.htm
林中赌局揭秘:打游击设暗哨 “股份制” 有分红 |http://www.xinhuanet.com/2019-01/11/c_1123974286.htm
Diff:
+ 暗哨 暗哨 [an4 shao4] /hidden sentry post/
#
# Editor: adding (based on K,GF, and GR ~ coup de sifflet convenu)
+ 暗哨兒 暗哨儿 [an4 saho4 r5] /whistle given as a secret signal/

Change log entry 67724
Processed by: richwarm (2019-07-17 21:14:27 GMT)
Comment: comma makes it clearer
Diff:
- 一聲 一声 [yi1 sheng1] /first tone in Mandarin (high level tone)/
+ 一聲 一声 [yi1 sheng1] /first tone in Mandarin (high, level tone)/

Change log entry 67723
Processed by: richwarm (2019-07-17 20:51:21 GMT)
Comment: added a comma for clarity
(it's not "high-level")
Diff:
- 第一聲 第一声 [di4 yi1 sheng1] /first tone in Mandarin/high level tone/
+ 第一聲 第一声 [di4 yi1 sheng1] /first tone in Mandarin/high, level tone/

Change log entry 67722
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2019-07-17 12:46:52 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64215 - submitted by 'richwarm' >>
https://baike.baidu.com/item/%E5%8E%8B%E5%AE%9E

J

TP ~ 吉普車開過會將土石的密度壓實,
and when jeeps drive by, they compress the earth,

至於東港的第三寶「油魚子」,外形較烏魚子大而厚,經醃漬過後,再壓實晾乾,
The third treasure, oilfish roe, looks a little like mullet roe, but is larger and thicker. It is prepared by marinating, pressing then drying.

然後以「腳」將芝麻在稻草中包密、壓實。
The traditional method involved using the feet to press the powder into a straw wrapper.

接下來,混和後的原料在輸送帶上用蒸汽蒸至兩分熟,再以米粉筒將粉團壓實,通過孔盤篩切成絲絲分明的粉條後,
Next, the mixed ingredients are moved on to steaming, steamed to about 20% cooked, and then pressed through a cylinder, the holes in the end plate forming the long, thin noodles.
Diff:
+ 壓實 压实 [ya1 shi2] /to compress/to compact/

Change log entry 67721
Processed by: richwarm (2019-07-17 12:12:20 GMT)
Comment: hyphen
low-gluten
Diff:
- 低筋麵粉 低筋面粉 [di1 jin1 mian4 fen3] /low gluten flour/cake flour/pastry flour/soft flour/
+ 低筋麵粉 低筋面粉 [di1 jin1 mian4 fen3] /low-gluten flour/cake flour/pastry flour/soft flour/

Change log entry 67720
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2019-07-17 11:15:47 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64297 - submitted by 'polaris' >>
1、閩南方言。指從前、昔日。如:「古早的人都較有人情味。」
From 萌典|重編國語辭典|https://www.moedict.tw/%E5%8F%A4%E6%97%A9

2、古早-百度百科
https://baike.baidu.com/item/%E5%8F%A4%E6%97%A9/8155373

Editor: thanks, but we already have this entry.
Diff:
# 古早 古早 [gu3 zao3] /(Taiwan) before/in the past/
- 古早 古早 [gu3 zao3] /(Taiwan) old times/former times/
+ 古早 古早 [gu3 zao3] /(Tw) old times/former times/

Change log entry 67719
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2019-07-17 11:13:28 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64320 - submitted by 'polaris' >>
1、
犹丧失。
●宋苏舜钦《检书》诗:「坠亡多玩爱,存聚必券帖。」
From 漢語大詞典|http://www.guoxuedashi.com/hydcd/105755n.html

2、
中國高空極限挑戰者墜亡,頂樓危攝文化引發反思|https://cn.nytimes.com/china/20171215/china-daredevil-skyscraper/zh-hant/dual/
这是吴永宁从湖南省会长沙一座60多层高的大楼——华远国际中心顶楼坠亡的日子。That was when, the police in China now confirm, Mr. Wu fell to his death from the top of the Huayuan Hua Center, a building more than 60 stories high, in Changsha, the capital of Hunan Province
俄女富豪乘私人飞机坠亡 警方救援途中车祸又死两人|https://www.bbc.com/zhongwen/simp/world-47770052
山东高唐:一男子在县行政办公中心坠亡,初步认定系自杀|https://www.thepaper.cn/newsDetail_forward_3928743
截瘫者之家创办人从两米多高车库顶坠亡,用生命警示安全隐患|https://www.thepaper.cn/newsDetail_forward_3893023
Diff:
+ 墜亡 坠亡 [zhui4 wang2] /to fall to one's death/

Change log entry 67718
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2019-07-17 11:12:33 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64321 - submitted by 'polaris' >>
1、
查没12吨假药,“食药警察”在广东破获地下黑色链条|https://www.jiemian.com/article/3318960.html
中国第三次公开销毁执法查没象牙 共计662.43千克|http://www.xinhuanet.com/politics/2015-05/29/c_127857797_17.htm
北京一中介经理设“查没贪官房产”骗局 低价诱饵骗订金 |http://www.xinhuanet.com//2017-02/26/c_1120531852.htm

2、
The Chinese forestry authority said on Friday that it would phase out entirely the country’s domestic ivory trade, making the announcement at an event in Beijing in which nearly 1,500 pounds of confiscated elephant tusks and ivory carvings were crushed.
中国林业部门周五在北京的一次活动上表示,将逐步采取措施,彻底取缔中国国内的象牙贸易。在这次活动上,近1500磅(约合680公斤)被查没的象牙和象牙雕刻品被压碎。
From https://cn.nytimes.com/china/20150531/c31ivory/dual/
Diff:
# 查沒 查没 [cha2 mo4] /confiscate/
+ 查沒 查没 [cha2 mo4] /to confiscate/

Change log entry 67717
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2019-07-17 08:02:09 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64303 - submitted by 'richwarm' >>
<< follow-up of change log entry 67714 >>
<< review queue entry 64301 - submitted by 'shenyixuan' >>
代驾就是当车主不能自行开车到达目的地时,由专业驾驶人员驾驶车主的车将其送至指定地点并收取一定费用的行为。普遍在餐饮行业使用较多,车主去饭店聚餐喝酒,酒后因为不能开车,由其他人代为开车。

人民日报代表评说:代驾行业亟待规范管理
http://opinion.people.com.cn/n/2013/0220/c1003-20537815.html
--------------------------------------

Editor:
1) The structure of the word suggests that it's a verb (to substitute + to drive) and indeed the original submission states explicitly that 代驾 is an *action* (行为): 代驾就是...的行为。

2) A designated driver is "a person who abstains from alcohol at a social gathering so as to be fit to drive others home" (Oxford). This person is *designated*, meaning that s/he is "selected from among the attendees at the gathering to abstain from drinking". Such people are not part of an industry, whereas the quoted article refers to an industry: 代驾行业. Designated drivers are almost always friends, workmates or family members. They do not normally receive payment (收取一定费用, as the original sub states in relation to 代驾.) They are not professional drivers (专业驾驶人员, as the original sub puts it).

3) LA says 代驾 can also apply when the vehicle owner can't drive due to other reasons (e.g too sick to drive). Again, that's not what you'd call a designated driver.

4) "substitute driver" example:
"Substitute driver services targeted for regulation
Traffic authorities plan to draw up a new law that will require insurance and licenses for the currently unregulated business of driving intoxicated clients’ cars home after social functions, government officials announced Thursday."
https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2001/01/12/national/substitute-driver-services-targeted-for-regulation/#.XS4_--gzaUk
It's not called "designated driver services" -- because that would be a contradiction in terms.

See also Wiktionary and K entries for 代駕.
Diff:
- 代駕 代驾 [dai4 jia4] /designated driver/
+ 代駕 代驾 [dai4 jia4] /to drive a vehicle for its owner (often as a paid service for sb who has consumed alcohol) (abbr. for 代理駕駛|代理驾驶[dai4 li3 jia4 shi3])/substitute driver (abbr. for 代駕司機|代驾司机[dai4 jia4 si1 ji1])/

Change log entry 67716
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2019-07-17 08:01:42 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64305 - submitted by 'richwarm' >>
Clarifying that they aren't people who happened to migrate south a few years ago.
https://www.britannica.com/topic/Hakka
Diff:
- 客家 客家 [Ke4 jia1] /Hakka ethnic group (Han Chinese migrants from north to south China)/
+ 客家 客家 [Ke4 jia1] /Hakka ethnic group, a subgroup of the Han that in the 13th century migrated from northern China to the south/

Change log entry 67715
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2019-07-17 08:01:39 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64306 - submitted by 'richwarm' >>
LA
時間互相避開,使不衝突。
例 「錯時休假」、「為緩解交通堵塞,不少單位可以錯時上下班」。
Diff:
+ 錯時 错时 [cuo4 shi2] /to stagger (holidays, working hours etc)/

Change log entry 67714
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2019-07-16 13:08:58 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64301 - submitted by 'shenyixuan' >>
代驾就是当车主不能自行开车到达目的地时,由专业驾驶人员驾驶车主的车将其送至指定地点并收取一定费用的行为。普遍在餐饮行业使用较多,车主去饭店聚餐喝酒,酒后因为不能开车,由其他人代为开车。

人民日报代表评说:代驾行业亟待规范管理
http://opinion.people.com.cn/n/2013/0220/c1003-20537815.html
Diff:
+ 代駕 代驾 [dai4 jia4] /designated driver/

Change log entry 67713
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2019-07-16 09:28:39 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64296 - submitted by 'polaris' >>
1、供人騎馬的場地。
From 萌典|重編國語辭典|https://www.moedict.tw/%E8%B7%91%E9%A6%AC%E5%A0%B4

2、赛马场。
●郭沫若《洪波曲》第五章三:「照既定的计划,上午在汉口北郊的旧华商跑马场,举行广场歌咏会,而继之以歌咏游行。」
●杨纤如《伞》第四章:「就拿他们的住宅来说,或在俄英两个旧租界,或在跑马场一带宽敞地区,房屋是砖瓦结构的,环境也比较空廓一点。」
From 漢語大詞典|http://www.guoxuedashi.com/hydcd/458636o.html

3、racecource; turf
From PLC|姚小平・漢英詞典

4、(P.W.) racecource
From ABC 漢英大詞典

5、
郑州查处五云山乱开发 跑马场正在拆除 |http://www.bjnews.com.cn/wevideo/2019/07/16/603973.html
人民日报曝光上街区违规修建跑马场|https://www.thepaper.cn/newsDetail_forward_3927796
Diff:
# 跑馬場 跑马场 [pao3 ma3 chang3] /racecource/
+ 跑馬場 跑马场 [pao3 ma3 chang3] /racecourse/

Change log entry 67712
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2019-07-16 09:26:26 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64298 - submitted by 'polaris' >>
改签也可以适用于 火车。

1、火车票改签 - 百度百科
https://baike.baidu.com/item/%E7%81%AB%E8%BD%A6%E7%A5%A8%E6%94%B9%E7%AD%BE/938843

2、改签是指旅客变更乘车日期、车次、席(铺)位时需办理的签证手续。
From https://kyfw.12306.cn/otn/gonggao/windowEndorse.html
Diff:
- 改簽 改签 [gai3 qian1] /to change one's reservation/to transfer to a different flight or airline/
+ 改簽 改签 [gai3 qian1] /to change one's reservation/to transfer to a different flight, airline, bus or train/

Change log entry 67711
Processed by: richwarm (2019-07-16 09:19:44 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 63042 - submitted by 'monigeria' >>
AFAIK this is the main modern meaning:
团建是什么?_百度知道
最佳答案: 通过一起玩,增加队伍的感情,建立起团队默契的合作。

ex:
公司团建你不去,办公司聚餐没有你,知道聚餐目的后你会去的

----

gf also gives:
名 指中国共产主义青年团的建设。
-------------------------------------------

Editor: I don't think "construction" is an appropriate English term for 建设 in this context.
If you look at PLC's entry for 建设, you can see it's rendered as strengthen/cultivate/develop/build/etc, depending on the context.
(We should revisit our own entry for 建设.)
Diff:
# 團建 团建 [tuan2 jian4] /team building/the construction of the Chinese Communist Youth League/
+ 團建 团建 [tuan2 jian4] /team building (abbr. for 團隊建設|团队建设[tuan2 dui4 jian4 she4])/building camaraderie within the Chinese Communist Youth League 中國共產主義青年團|中国共产主义青年团[Zhong1 guo2 Gong4 chan3 zhu3 yi4 Qing1 nian2 tuan2]/

Change log entry 67710
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2019-07-16 08:32:38 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64294 - submitted by 'polaris' >>
1、让环卫工高温下踢正步“团建”?媒体:少给形式主义涂脂抹粉
From https://www.thepaper.cn/newsDetail_forward_3917513

2、北京中建地产在昆明开展区域团建工作
From http://www.yn.xinhuanet.com/qiyezixun/2018-07/25/c_137347270.htm

3、上海边防与驻地多家单位开展主题团建活动
From http://www.xinhuanet.com//mil/2017-05/08/c_129594455_2.htm

4、team building
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_building

Editor: thanks, this has already been submitted by another editor before and it's currently still on the queue.
Diff:
# 團建 团建 [tuan2 jian4] /team building (abbr. for 團隊建設|团队建设)/

Change log entry 67709
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2019-07-16 08:31:28 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64284 - submitted by 'richwarm' >>
https://baike.baidu.com/item/%E9%98%B4%E6%8B%9B
K
Diff:
+ 陰招 阴招 [yin1 zhao1] /dirty trick/

Change log entry 67708
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2019-07-16 08:29:01 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64293 - submitted by 'polaris' >>
1、凿井;钻井
» 打井取水
From 點帶漢語規範詞典

2、to dig/drill a well
From ABC

3、44年来始终以找水打井、服务宁夏人民为己任,先后实施了“百井扶贫”“百井富民”“百井抗旱”等民生工程
From http://www.xinhuanet.com/politics/2018-09/22/c_129958969.htm

4、村民家中打井意外发现天然溶洞 宛如地下宫殿
From http://www.xinhuanet.com/travel/2015-11/07/c_128403209.htm
Diff:
+ 打井 打井 [da3 jing3] /to dig a well/

Change log entry 67707
Processed by: richwarm (2019-07-16 02:25:59 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64287 - submitted by 'richwarm' >>
"take a criticism for oneself" seems to be intended as a shorter form of the gloss that comes before it, but if so, I don't think that meaning is conveyed by it.

You could say "to take a criticism as being directed at oneself" but I don't think that is necessary, given the previous gloss ("to take a general comment as a personal attack").
Diff:
- 對號入座 对号入座 [dui4 hao4 ru4 zuo4] /to take one's seat according to the ticket number/(fig.) to put (things or people) in their right place/to take a general comment as a personal attack/to take a criticism for oneself/
+ 對號入座 对号入座 [dui4 hao4 ru4 zuo4] /to take one's seat according to the ticket number/(fig.) to put (things or people) in their right place/to take a general comment as a personal attack/

Change log entry 67706
Processed by: richwarm (2019-07-16 00:48:35 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64282 >>
Pronunciation: https://zh.wiktionary.org/wiki/%E3%A3%9F

Meaning: https://www.zdic.net/hans/%E3%A3%9F
Diff:
# 㣟 㣟 [xì] /to go / to walk/
+ 㣟 㣟 [xi4] /to go/to walk/

Change log entry 67705
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2019-07-15 13:38:40 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64281 - submitted by 'richwarm' >>
J

The course focuses on how these general management tasks are addressed in the transit industry and presents alternative strategies.
本课程专注于如何在运输工业中执行上述综合管理任务及提供备选策略。

It identifies alternative arrangements for service provision, including different ways of involving the private sector in public transportation.
课程介绍了服务部门的备选安排,包括将私营公司纳入公共运输的不同方法。

etc
Diff:
+ 備選 备选 [bei4 xuan3] /alternative (plan, arrangement, strategy etc)/

Change log entry 67704
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2019-07-15 13:36:01 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64280 - submitted by 'richwarm' >>
J
e.g. Ordinary people are able to drink pure water after quality improvement.
改水之后, 老百姓喝上了放心水。
Diff:
+ 改水 改水 [gai3 shui3] /to improve water quality/

Change log entry 67703
Processed by: richwarm (2019-07-15 11:21:20 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64278 - submitted by 'polaris' >>
1、
(1)賭博或擲錢幣為戲。唐·趙光遠〈詠手〉詩二首之二:「慢籠彩筆閒書字,斜指瑤階笑打錢。」宋·文同〈鄧隱老木寒牛〉詩:「羸牛日晚已噍草,稚子天寒猶打錢。」

(2)表演技藝的人向觀眾收錢。

(3)收帳。
From 萌典|國語辭典|https://www.moedict.tw/%E6%89%93%E9%8C%A2

2、
(1). 掷钱游戏。
●唐赵光远《咏手》之二:「慢笼彩笔闲书字,斜指瑶阶笑打钱。」
●宋文同《画厨杂咏·邓隐老木寒牛》:「羸牛日晚已谯草,稚子天寒犹打钱。」

(2). 无赖代人挨打所索取的报酬。
●清褚人获《坚瓠五集·哈打打》:「吴中无赖为人代比较者,计笞数索钱,曰打钱。」

(3). 制造首饰的工钱。
●清褚人获《坚瓠五集·哈打打》:「一人之妻,稍积一二金,使银匠打造二簪,其工值亦曰打钱。」

(4). 旧时卖艺人向观众收钱。
●萧干《一本褪色的相册》六:「演完一场,艺人照例拿着盘子或筐箩向观众打钱。」
From 漢語大詞典|http://www.guoxuedashi.com/hydcd/187103l.html

3、有人主动给你账户打钱?小心啊!那是机票改签新套路
From http://sc.people.com.cn/n2/2018/0925/c345167-32091695.html

4、冒充“儿子”喊“爸妈”打钱 四川男子诈骗近1000万
From http://sc.people.com.cn/n/2015/0130/c345509-23739568.html
--------------------------------

Editor: It looks like you submitted the exact same submission twice, so this is still on the queue.
Diff:
# 打錢 打钱 [da3 qian2] /to collect money from sb/to give money to sb/

Change log entry 67702
Processed by: richwarm (2019-07-15 10:22:45 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64271 - submitted by 'polaris' >>
1、
https://www.wikihow.com/Take-an-Order-in-a-Fast-Food-Restaurant

2、
https://esol.britishcouncil.org/content/learners/english-work/catering/taking-food-orders-table-service
-----------------------------------

Editor: I put in a submission for the same word 5 days ago, with a similar definition.
It's still under discussion. I'll add your references and proposed definition.
Diff:
# - 接單 接单 [jie1 dan1] /order (for goods etc)/
# + 接單 接单 [jie1 dan1] /to take an order (from customers)/

Change log entry 67701
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2019-07-15 08:02:31 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64042 - submitted by 'richwarm' >>
土 isn't a musical instrument. It's a *category* of musical instruments: those made of clay, including ocarinas (塤) and clay pots used for percussion.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Chinese_musical_instruments#Clay_(%E5%9C%9F)

Same goes for 金 etc.
--------------------------------

八音 isn't "musical instruments". It's a *classification system* for musical instruments.
Used in advertising? So what? I suggest we delete this bit. Seems useless.

+ "the eight kinds of sound produced by instruments in these categories" (GF, GR, K)

"music" (HDC)
Diff:
- 八音 八音 [ba1 yin1] /music/(used in advertising instrumental tuition)/(archaic) musical instruments made of eight different materials (metal 金, stone 石, clay 土, leather 革, silk 絲|丝, wood 木, gourd 匏, bamboo 竹)/
+ 八音 八音 [ba1 yin1] /ancient classification system for musical instruments, based on the material of which the instrument is made (metal 金, stone 石, clay 土, leather 革, silk 絲|丝, wood 木, gourd 匏, bamboo 竹)/the eight kinds of sound produced by instruments in these categories/music/
- 土 土 [tu3] /earth/dust/clay/local/indigenous/crude opium/unsophisticated/one of the eight ancient musical instruments 八音[ba1 yin1]/
+ 土 土 [tu3] /earth/dust/clay/local/indigenous/crude opium/unsophisticated/one of the eight categories of ancient musical instruments 八音[ba1 yin1]/
- 金 金 [jin1] /gold/chemical element Au/generic term for lustrous and ductile metals/money/golden/highly respected/one of the eight ancient musical instruments 八音[ba1 yin1]/
+ 金 金 [jin1] /gold/chemical element Au/generic term for lustrous and ductile metals/money/golden/highly respected/one of the eight categories of ancient musical instruments 八音[ba1 yin1]/
- 木 木 [mu4] /tree/wood/coffin/wooden/simple/numb/one of the eight ancient musical instruments 八音[ba1 yin1]/
+ 木 木 [mu4] /tree/wood/coffin/wooden/simple/numb/one of the eight categories of ancient musical instruments 八音[ba1 yin1]/
- 石 石 [shi2] /rock/stone/stone inscription/one of the eight ancient musical instruments 八音[ba1 yin1]/
+ 石 石 [shi2] /rock/stone/stone inscription/one of the eight categories of ancient musical instruments 八音[ba1 yin1]/

Change log entry 67700
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2019-07-15 08:00:46 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64185 - submitted by 'richwarm' >>
1) 細化管理

我们必须信任我们的特派团领导人,不要对他们 进行细化管理 ,
We must trust our mission leaders and not micromanage them,

micromanagement n (overly-interfering supervision) 细化管理 xì huà guǎn lǐ

----------------------

2) 細化

PLC GF K

Wiktionary
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%E7%B4%B0%E5%8C%96

==QUOTE==
销售体系应该更加细化
Sales system should be further refined to cater to different needs.
In this case, "refine" is defined as: complicate; make more complex, intricate, or richer.
==UNQUOTE==
https://www.proz.com/kudoz/chinese-to-english/other/1236624-%E9%94%80%E5%94%AE%E4%BD%93%E7%B3%BB%E5%BA%94%E8%AF%A5%E6%9B%B4%E5%8A%A0%E7%BB%86%E5%8C%96.html

但同 时也利用更加细化的分类数据来凸 显需要进一步努力解决的问题。
but also using more disaggregated data to highlight issues where renewed efforts are needed.

使报告更加细化;
enabling more granularity in reporting;

流程细化
process refinement

我们必须信任我们的特派团领导人,不要对他们 进行细化管理 ,
We must trust our mission leaders and not micromanage them,

备选方案 2 是备选方案 1 的细化,
Option 2 represents an elaboration of option 1,

當今歐洲以至國際通用的胸罩尺碼標準有以下優點:
1. 罩杯的分級更加細化
2. ...
Diff:
+ 細化 细化 [xi4 hua4] /to give a more granular level of detail/to elaborate/to refine/to become more differentiated/
+ 細化管理 细化管理 [xi4 hua4 guan3 li3] /micromanagement/

Change log entry 67699
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2019-07-15 07:49:14 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64253 - submitted by 'richwarm' >>
GV results
"记忆体" - 1.35 million
"記憶體" - 27.1 million
Diff:
- 記憶體 记忆体 [ji4 yi4 ti3] /(computer) memory/
+ 記憶體 记忆体 [ji4 yi4 ti3] /(Tw) (computer) memory/

Change log entry 67698
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2019-07-15 07:49:00 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64254 - submitted by 'richwarm' >>
Baike ~ 快闪存储器(英语:flash memory),是一种电子式可清除程序化只读存储器的形式

LA @ 快閃
1. 快速離開。
2. 快閃行動的簡稱。通過網路或手機召集網友,在特定的時間、地點,同時做一個指定的不犯法卻引人注意的動作,完成後迅速分散離開。

中国北京三里屯快闪
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=34QZSPBaz_c

Wp ~ 快閃族(亦稱快閃黨;英語:Flash mob)

TP ~
「梅花快閃!衝浪客玩命追浪」
"Typhoon Muifa, Hit and Run: Surfers Risk Lives Chasing Waves!"

竹科一間以快閃記憶體為主力產品的半導體公司研發長則說,
The head of research at a flash memory maker in the Hsinchu Science Park says

就連去年台灣NIKE促銷活動引發的NBA籃球巨星喬丹快閃事件,
the CFCT received many complaints from Michael Jordan fans who were bitterly disappointed about Jordan's 90-second appearance at a promotional event.

城市修復,快閃美化
[Acting as "urban guerrillas," they would converge on street corners and empty lots by night to quickly clean up debris and plant flowers. In a flash, trashy bits of wasteland turned into beautiful gardens.]

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%E5%BF%AB%E9%96%83
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/快閃記憶體盤
Diff:
- 快閃記憶體 快闪记忆体 [kuai4 shan3 ji4 yi4 ti3] /flash memory/
+ 快閃記憶體 快闪记忆体 [kuai4 shan3 ji4 yi4 ti3] /(computing) flash memory/
#
+ 快閃存儲器 快闪存储器 [kuai4 shan3 cun2 chu3 qi4] /(computing) flash memory/
+ 快閃 快闪 [kuai4 shan3] /to depart as quick as a flash/flash mob/
+ 快閃族 快闪族 [kuai4 shan3 zu2] /flash mobbers/
+ 快閃黨 快闪党 [kuai4 shan3 dang3] /flash mobbers/
+ 快閃記憶體盤 快闪记忆体盘 [kuai4 shan3 ji4 yi4 ti3 pan2] /(computing) flash drive/thumb drive/

Change log entry 67697
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2019-07-15 07:48:06 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64255 - submitted by 'richwarm' >>
https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E6%A8%B8%E9%96%80
https://baike.baidu.com/item/%E6%9C%B4%E9%97%A8%E5%AD%A6

TP ~ 省時省力的「樸門」就成了最實用的方法。
[They] found that low-maintenance permaculture methods best fit their needs.

其實,早在聯合國的報告之前,1975年澳洲學者比爾.默立森就提出了「permaculture」(中譯「樸門永續設計」)概念,他將英文字「permanent(永恆)」、「agriculture(農業)」和「culture(文化)」三字的縮寫結合成樸門一字,強調作物栽培必須建構在人類和自然環境和平相處的永續性上,如今看來這似乎是個魚與熊掌可兼得的解決方案,已在全球120個國家推廣。
Long before the UN reports, in fact, the term "permaculture" (a portmanteau from the words "permanent," "agriculture," and "culture") had been put forward by Australian naturalist Bill Mollison and others to stress the need to grow crops in a manner that allows for compatible co-existence between man and nature. It is looking today like permaculture offers us the opportunity to "have our cake and eat it too." Efforts are now afoot in 120 different countries to implement the concept.
Diff:
+ 樸門 朴门 [pu3 men2] /permaculture (loanword)/

Change log entry 67696
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2019-07-15 07:47:04 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64257 - submitted by 'richwarm' >>
https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E7%82%94%E7%83%83
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%E7%82%94%E7%83%B4
PLC LA K
Diff:
+ 炔烴 炔烃 [que1 ting1] /(chemistry) alkyne/

Change log entry 67695
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2019-07-15 07:47:01 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 64256 - submitted by 'richwarm' >>
M LA
Some sources (M & Dr.eye) indicate that [que1] is the main pr. in Tw.
Diff:
- 炔 炔 [que1] /alkyne/
+ 炔 炔 [que1] /alkyne/also pr. [jue2]/

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