Login

Change log Help

These are the actual changes to CC-CEDICT reviewed and processed by the editors.

Search changes:
User ID:

Navigation:  ▶ 

 
Legend

Change log entry 70011
Processed by: richwarm (2020-07-06 04:25:05 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65727 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Found in ABC, HDD

百度百科:
平常心是一个汉语词汇,拼音是píng cháng xīn ,具体表现为对自己做任何事的成功和失败的概率有准确的预测。既积极主动,要尽力而为,又顺其自然,不苛求事事完美。有从容淡定的自信心。

我希望社會 各界都 以 平 常 心 及成熟 的 態 度 來 處 理 這個問題。
I hope the community can deal
with this issue in a calm and mature manner.

只要我們以 平常心看待 此事,便沒有必要撒賴,或是向其他同事惡言惡語,像要 贏盡一切。
As long as we look at the issue with equanimity, it is not necessary to be a bad loser or say evil words to other colleagues [...]

但是,既然香港的政制是特定歷史條件下的產物,香港市民應以 平常心接受這既定的事實。
Hong Kong is a product of specific historical circumstances, Hong Kong people should accept this reality with equanimity.
Diff:
# 平常心 平常心 [ping2 chang2 xin1] /composure/calmness/equanimity/
+ 平常心 平常心 [ping2 chang2 xin1] /levelheadedness/calmness/equanimity/

Change log entry 70010
Processed by: richwarm (2020-07-06 02:35:32 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 66389 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
OCC:
secret passage

GF:
隐蔽的通道

Examples:
传说这座古堡里面有条暗道,可我们还没找到.

在河山楼内还有井、碾、磨,并有暗道直通城外,聚甲藏弩、护城保庄、抵御外侵。

坐在教室里,我总是渴望在我的课桌下能出现一个暗道,我可以溜进凉爽的地下室,尽享我的自由
Diff:
+ 暗道 暗道 [an4 dao4] /secret passage/secret tunnel/

Change log entry 70008
Processed by: richwarm (2020-07-06 00:58:55 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 66390 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Examples:
他们是些茫然移动着的削瘦的、生病的年轻美国士兵.

哥哥那削瘦的脸上,只有一双眼还很有神,像一泓清溪蓄下的两汪深潭,蕴藏着内在的活力。

盯着他望的那个人的脸削瘦而苍白.
------------------------------------

Editor: I added a few synonyms to indicate that it's usually applied to a person's physical attributes (rather than, say, a knife blade).

I see that MoE gives xiāoshòu as the pronunciation, by the way.
(GF agrees with [xue1 shou4], though.)

examples ~

剃髮留鬚,顴骨突出,臉頰削瘦,面容帶著一種出世超脫的淺笑。
The top of his head is shaved, monk-like; a beard grows from hollow cheeks; and a slightly smiling expression of transcendence is on his face.

體質削瘦虛弱,氣質也顯得憂鬱內向;
His physique was skinny and weak, and he seemed fairly melancholy and introverted.

覺得畫像的嘴應該再大一點,臉則要削瘦一些。
They felt the mouth should be slightly larger, the sides of the face slightly thinner.

削瘦的身材、帥氣瀟灑的小動作,小P抱著愛貓的樣子顯得天真,
Holding her cat, the slender Little P comes across as naive and unfeigned,
Diff:
# 削瘦 削瘦 [xue1 shou4] /thin/see also 瘦削|瘦削[shou4 xue1]/
+ 削瘦 削瘦 [xue1 shou4] /thin/lean/slender/skinny/(of cheeks) hollow/

Change log entry 70007
Processed by: richwarm (2020-07-05 23:59:20 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 66391 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
ABC:
soft and smooth

OCC:
soft and smooth

GF:
柔软光滑

Examples:
保持肌肤柔滑青春的秘诀就是使用非常传统的清水。
The secret of smooth, soft, young-looking skin is good old-fashioned water.

这种葡萄酒是中度酒体, 口感柔滑, 有复杂难解的谜人韵味。
This wine is medium-bodied, silky, and intriguingly complex.

克莱尔捋平了凯蒂丝般柔滑的头发。
Claire smoothed Katy's silky hair.

这种皮革柔滑如丝。
The leather is as soft as silk.
Diff:
+ 柔滑 柔滑 [rou2 hua2] /soft/smooth/silky/

Change log entry 70005
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-07-05 18:02:51 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 66388 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
百度百科:
空洞洞,汉字词语,拼音是kōngdòngdòng,释义是形容房屋、场地等很空。

PLC:
empty, deserted

OCC:
deserted

Examples:
他的一雙眼睛冷冰冰,空洞洞的,讓人看了想起深黝的隧道。

村子里面空洞洞的。
The village was completely deserted.
Diff:
+ 空洞洞 空洞洞 [kong1 dong4 dong4] /empty/deserted/

Change log entry 69991
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-07-03 13:49:16 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65722 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
ABC:
engage in advanced studies
study and revise
do research work

PLC:
do research work

OCC:
research
在大学研修生物学

GF:
动:研究进修
研修西医外科

百度百科:
是以某专业硕士研究生主要课程为教学内容,对具有大学本科毕业或相当学力程度的在职人员进行较系统的基础理论、专业知识与能力培训的一种教育形式。它不是一个层次的学历教育,不与研究生教育的学历、学位挂钩。它不是“申请学位班”,也不是“研究生班”。但确定了申请硕士学位资格的人员,在研修班期间参加的由学位办公室组织的学位课程考试,其成绩为研究生课程进修班所承认,不必再参加研究生课程进修班的考试。

Web:
他还参加了大量国 际法研讨会、研修班和 会议并发表演讲。
He also participated in and addressed a
large number of seminars, symposiums and conferences on international law.

该区域 30 名研修博士 和硕士学位的科学家通过该生物科学网获得了培训,女性研究科学 家明显增加。
Through the Network,
30 scientists studying for doctoral and master’s degrees from the region were trained, with an appreciable [...]
Diff:
+ 研修 研修 [yan2 xiu1] /to do research work/to engage in advanced studies/

Change log entry 69824
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-06-22 15:18:12 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65728 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
PLC:
不负盛名
不负众望
不负厚望
功夫不负有心人

ABC:
他不负重托,做成了那笔生意。
Diff:
+ 不負 不负 [bu4 fu4] /to live up to/

Change log entry 69797
Processed by: richwarm (2020-06-15 21:11:39 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 66251 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
被转动时可打开门锁的把手。
https://hanyu.baidu.com/zici/s?wd=%E9%97%A8%E6%8A%8A&query=%E9%97%A8%E6%8A%8A&srcid=28232&from=kg0

Dictionaries don't agree on the pronounciation. Some say men2 ba4, but GF has a note specifically stating that it's ba3 and not ba4.
Should that be added as "also pr."?

Example:
其他杂项设施如门把、升 降机控制按钮和特别设计的公众电话 亦已更换,使之更方便残疾人士使用。
Other miscellaneous facilities such as door handles, lift control panels, specially designed public telephones were also [...]
Diff:
# 門把 门把 [men2 ba3] /door knob/door handle/
+ 門把 门把 [men2 ba3] /door knob/door handle/also pr. [men2 ba4]/

Change log entry 69793
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-06-15 18:17:38 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 66250 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
百度百科:
钻机,是一套复杂的机器,它由机器、机组和机构组成。

Harry Potter 1:
杜斯利先生是一家叫作格朗寧斯的鑽機工廠的老闆。
就快要到鎮上的時候,關於鑽機的想法又被其他事情代替了。

In case you want to buy one:
https://b2b.baidu.com/ss?q=%E9%92%BB%E6%9C%BA&from=b2b_straight&srcid=5103&from_restype=product
Diff:
+ 鑽機 钻机 [zuan4 ji1] /drilling machine/

Change log entry 69792
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-06-15 18:12:13 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 66252 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Examples:
1) Harry Potter 1:
這個男孩天賦異稟,我從來沒見過這樣子的孩子。

2) 政府對家庭的支援不限於學前教育,自 2001 年我們有系統地推行資優 教育以來,已陸續看到本地越來越多 天賦異稟 的 青 少年脫穎而出,在國際級 的比賽中摘得桂冠。
The support rendered by the Government to families is not just confined to pre-primary education. Since we started to systematically promote gifted education in 2001, we have seen a growing number of exceptionally gifted local teenagers rise to fame by winning top awards in international competitions.

Editor:

TP~
然而他的天賦異稟在被一個苦難的時代燒過淹過攆過壓過之後,竟然走到了一個夢想無法抵達的所在,必須以文字傾洩其魔幻寫實一般的際遇。
However, a world in turmoil took his extraordinary talents, fired them, quenched them, pressure-rolled them, and put him on a path to a place he had never dreamed of. The written word, it turned out, was the only escape route for the thoughts in his head.

司馬中原天賦異稟,這要分兩方面來說,
Sima was prodigiously talented in two different ways.
Diff:
# 天賦異稟 天赋异禀 [tian1 fu4 yi4 bing3] /exceptionally gifted/
+ 天賦異稟 天赋异禀 [tian1 fu4 yi4 bing3] /extraordinary talent/exceptionally gifted/

Change log entry 69791
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-06-15 18:07:39 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 66253 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
The dog breed

大丹犬(Great Dane)原产于德国,历史上曾用做猎犬、护卫犬、斗犬、使役犬等,因其性格温顺、外貌优美,现今的发展方向主要是家庭用犬
https://baike.baidu.com/item/%E5%A4%A7%E4%B8%B9%E7%8A%AC/873106?fromtitle=%E5%A4%A7%E4%B8%B9%E7%8B%97&fromid=394097&fr=aladdin
Diff:
# 大丹犬 大丹犬 [da4 dan1 quan3] /Great Dane/
+ 大丹犬 大丹犬 [da4 dan1 quan3] /Great Dane (dog breed)/

Change log entry 69364
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-03-04 10:27:04 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65905 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
It seems to me that it's usually used as a verb rather than a noun when having the exile meaning. It also has an additional meaning related to forestry.

GF:
1。把犯人押送到边远荒凉的地方生活劳动,古代一种型罚。
2。把原木毛竹等放在河流中顺流运走。

Examples for the first case:
他被判处终身流放。
He was condemned to life-long exile.

他被流放到国外。
He was exiled to a distant land.

这本书讲述了17世纪克伦威尔将5万名爱尔兰人流放的历史。
The book tells the story of Cromwell's deportation of 50,000 Irish people in the 17th century.

将犹太人流放到奥斯威辛集中营的行为
the deportation of Jews to Auschwitz

在流放期间他开始写书。
During his exile, he began writing books.

Example for the secong meaning:
利用江河水涨的时机流放木材


Editor: I'll remove the noun senses for now.
Diff:
# 流放 流放 [liu2 fang4] /to exile/to banish/to deport/exile/banishment/to float (logs) downstream/
# editor:
- 流放 流放 [liu2 fang4] /banishment/exile/
+ 流放 流放 [liu2 fang4] /to exile/to banish/to deport/to float (logs) downstream/

Change log entry 69356
Processed by: richwarm (2020-03-04 08:54:50 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65891 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
GF:
形容神志清爽,心情舒畅

Web:
附近地带有着悠久的传统,这水边的道路比将让 您 神清气爽。
Steeped in heritage, this magical waterside walk will raise the spirit like no other.

欧恩阿斯瓦拉山 (Ounasvaara) 是邻近罗瓦涅米的冬季度假区,区内的滑雪道和滑雪坡,正好为度假者提供令 人 神清气爽 的 活 动。
Ounasvaara, a nearby winter resort, offers ski trails and slopes, and is a refreshing addition to a city break.

清·石玉昆《三侠五义》第三十回:
惟有展爷今日坐在船上,玩赏沿途景致,不觉就神清气爽,快乐非常。
-------------------------------------

Editor:
Thanks -- this is a good addition. I'm not convinced that "refreshed" is quite right, even though it's a word that's sometimes used to translate the expression.

further examples ~

只見不論是二十多隻圈養在大欄裡的肉豬,或是分娩欄裡挨在母豬身邊的仔豬,個個都頭好壯壯、神清氣爽。
But when you see the large pens, each holding 20 or so hogs, or the birthing pens with piglets suckling from their mothers, you’ll notice that each animal is the picture of health.

更妙的是,大廚師跟著最後一道上菜後,人還是神清氣爽、漂漂亮亮,不像在廚房裡被油煙浸過。
Even more amazing is that, when the last dish has come out of the kitchen, Ku looks resplendent, full of energy, and certainly not as if she had just been standing amidst smoke and steam for hours.

五月底,才與乳癌奮戰成功的王小棣,一頭超短頭髮、神清氣爽地出現在文化大學推廣教育部,畢業自文化大學戲劇系的王小棣全程參與母校為她舉辦的《王小棣和他們的第一次》影展,
At the end of May, Wang, who had just won her fight with breast cancer, appeared with vim and vigor and shortly grown hair at a film festival entitled "Wang Shau-di and Their First Time."

這款芳香水觸感及香味不同於有刺激性的精油,令人神清氣爽,有助於紓解壓力,很適合都會區上班族使用。
this cologne has a feel and scent that makes people feel very comfortable, and it is very effective at easing stress. Hence, it is very suitable for urban workers.

消費者喝了茶之後覺得神清氣爽,進一步體會茶的餘韻,茶香挑起了味覺和嗅覺,也開啟了心靈的知覺。
tea is a drink that refreshes and awakens the senses and the spirit.

令人神清氣爽,有時還會貫穿腦門,讓人感到通體舒暢。
the aroma will refresh the mind and make the whole body feel comfortable.

只要一件合身通風的衣服,就足以讓你神清氣爽,
If you just wear light, airy clothing, you can feel fresh and cool.

病人體力慢慢好轉,也感覺神清氣爽多了。
As the patient slowly recovered his strength, he also noticed a huge improvement in his spirits.

由於現代人很難每天找出一小時練習,高瑞協就將笑笑功濃縮成簡單口訣「伸筋、輾氣、歇喘」,只要每天練習5-10分鐘,就能讓人神清氣爽。
Because it's so hard for people today to find an hour per day to practice, Gao shrank laughter kungfu's workouts into a three-part routine that takes just five to 10 minutes to complete and leaves practitioners feeling great.

從陽光下踏入咖啡館的張成秀,一身便服與神清氣爽的容顏一如往常,
Coming out of the sun into a coffee shop, the casually dressed woman looks as upbeat and fresh-faced as ever.
Diff:
# 神清氣爽 神清气爽 [shen2 qing1 qi4 shuang3] /refreshed/
+ 神清氣爽 神清气爽 [shen2 qing1 qi4 shuang3] /(idiom) full of vitality/relaxed and alert/

Change log entry 69231
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-20 07:58:29 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65724 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Found in ABC, PLC, OCC, GF

Part of 尽欢而散
-----------------------------------

Editor: Wherever possible, we like to write the definition in our own words rather than copy the definition in other dictionaries.
Diff:
# 盡歡 尽欢 [jin4 huan1] /to enjoy oneself to the full/
+ 盡歡 尽欢 [jin4 huan1] /to thoroughly enjoy oneself/

Change log entry 69219
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-02-18 20:28:31 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65733 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
http://dict.youdao.com/w/%E6%A1%A8%E6%89%8B
这世上再找不到比他更好的桨手和舵手了。
There was no better paddler , no better steersman than my brother.

在2月12日和13日,将有超过3000名桨手在科克湾参加非常受欢迎的赛龙舟,随着鼓点声划起浆来。
On February 12 and 13, the much-loved dragon boat races will see more than 3000 paddlers compete to the beat of a drum on Cockle Bay。

我们在她的桨手上岸时杀掉了他们,在船落锚时烧掉了她,但是老鼠们沿着船桨爬下拖着石头般冰冷的脚涉水来到码头。
We slew her oarsmen as they came ashore and burned the ship at anchor, but the rats crept down the oars and paddled to the quay on cold stone feet.
Diff:
+ 槳手 桨手 [jiang3 shou3] /rower/oarsman/

Change log entry 69207
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-16 19:26:52 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65749 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
百度百科:
脑梗死旧称脑梗塞,又称缺血性脑卒中(cerebral ischemic stroke),是指因脑部血液供应障碍,缺血、缺氧所导致的局限性脑组织的缺血性坏死或软化。

https://baijiahao.baidu.com/s?id=1622170800518715486&wfr=spider&for=pc
脑梗塞也称为缺血性脑卒中,指脑组织局部由于血液循环出现堵塞,出现缺血、缺氧的现象,从而发生软化坏死的疾病。
---------------------------------------

Editor: In cc-cedict, a word is not considered to be a variant of another word unless they both have the same pronunciation.
We would say these two words are synonyms rather than variants.

Also, "old" implies that people don't use the term much anymore.
But there are more Google results for 脑梗塞 than for 脑梗死 (Google "verbatim" option).
3.3 million vs 2.7 million
Diff:
# 腦梗塞 脑梗塞 [nao3 geng3 se4] /old variant of 腦梗死|脑梗死[nao3 geng3 si3]/
+ 腦梗塞 脑梗塞 [nao3 geng3 se4] /cerebral infarction/

Change log entry 69202
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-16 18:32:28 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65748 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
对我来说 and 依我来看 are in the dictionary, so why not this one?

https://fanyi.baidu.com/?aldtype=85#zh/en/%E5%9C%A8%E6%88%91%E7%9C%8B%E6%9D%A5
在我看来你妻子是一个浅薄的女人,幸好你离开了她。
It seems to me your wife was a shallow woman and you're well rid of her.

在我看来,有一个简单的解释。
There is, in my view, a simple explanation

在我看来,事情就是这样。
That's how it seems to me.

在我看来,是官员们煽动了这场争斗。
As far as I'm concerned the officials incited the fight.

在我看来他显然很尊重他的上司。
It was clear to me that he respected his boss
Diff:
+ 在我看來 在我看来 [zai4 wo3 kan4 lai2] /in my opinion/

Change log entry 69200
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-16 18:24:48 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65751 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
OCC:
我们不能让别人看笑话。
We mustn't let others make laughing stocks of us.

GF:
工作出错,让人看笑话。

PLC:
别吵了,让人家看笑话。
Stop squabbling, will you? People will laugh at us.

百度百科:
看笑话,是汉语词汇,汉语拼音为kàn xiào hua,简单来说就是指一帮人围着一个人或者一件事情,带着“探讨”或嘲笑的心态去围观。往往是被当作贬义来讲。
---------------------------------------

Editor: "fun" is too vague. What sort of fun?
"have a good laugh at" is too general. You can have a good laugh at a funny remark. That's not 看笑话.
"have a good laugh at sb's expense" would be closer to nailing it.


Examples:
而且會被國際社會看笑話,
and would invite international ridicule.

本來很多老師等著看笑話,但我開始動手做後,發覺沒有那麼困難,而且做出來效果不錯,
Initially many teachers were waiting to see a fiasco, but after I set to work on the project, I discovered that it wasn't so difficult, and the results we achieved weren't bad at all,

有許多人等著看笑話。
there were also many people eager to see him fail.
Diff:
# 看笑話 看笑话 [kan4 xiao4 hua5] /to watch the fun/to have a good laugh at/
+ 看笑話 看笑话 [kan4 xiao4 hua5] /to watch with amusement as sb makes a fool of himself/

Change log entry 69198
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-16 18:03:03 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65753 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
PLC:
property maintenance fee

ADS:
maintenance fee

百度百科:
物业费是物业产权人、使用人委托物业管理单位对居住小区内的房屋公共建筑及其设备、公用设施、绿化、卫生、交通、治安和环境等项目进行日常维护、修缮、整治及提供其他与居民生活相关的服务所收取的费用。
-----------------------------------------

Editor:
A construct: 物业 + 费
(property management + fee)

By the way, "maintenance fee" doesn't always relate to property management, but 物业费 presumably does.
E.g. a maintenance fee can be a fee to be paid to maintain a patent.
Diff:
# 物業費 物业费 [wu4 ye4 fei4] /maintenance fee/

Change log entry 69197
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-16 17:56:09 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65752 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
There's a whole website for it
http://www.shidawang.com/
------------------------------------

Editor:
1) Misleading definition

"top ten" is typically a noun.
https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/top-ten
.. whereas 十大 is not a noun. It's a sequence of two adjectives (meaning "ten" and "great" respectively).

As a sequence of adjectives, 十大 needs to be followed by a noun, as in "David被评选为公司十大杰出青年。"
.. whereas "top ten" doesn't.
"In a new list of best travel websites, ours makes it into the top ten."


2) Is the entry needed?

世界五大知識產權局 means "the world's big five IP offices".
I don't think you need a dictionary entry for 五大 to understand that.

美國三大電視網 means "the three major US television networks".
Is it necessary to have an entry for 三大 to understand that expression?
Diff:
# 十大 十大 [shi2 da4] /top ten/

Change log entry 69176
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-02-13 20:06:24 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65721 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Not only related to math.

PLC:
家长们的期望值经常过高。

GF:
Definition: 对人或事物所抱希望的程度。
期望值过高,有时难免会失望。
Diff:
- 期望值 期望值 [qi1 wang4 zhi2] /(math) expected value/
+ 期望值 期望值 [qi1 wang4 zhi2] /expectations/(math) expected value/

Change log entry 69175
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-02-13 20:05:18 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65725 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Found in PLC, OCC, GF

Examples:
OCC:
捡拾田间的麦穗
在海滩捡拾贝壳
GF:
在树下捡拾落果

百度百科:
捡拾,读音为jiǎn shí,汉语词语,意思是指到处翻找,搜寻,搜集;拾取。
Diff:
+ 撿拾 捡拾 [jian3 shi2] /to pick up/to gather/

Change log entry 69174
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-02-13 20:04:17 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65726 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Found in OCC

Web:
https://zhidao.baidu.com/question/1053075733464627899.html
目前包吃包住的工作我知道的有:餐厅服务人员、工厂职工、高端引进人才。

https://jobs.51job.com/xc18_cn05/
1、综合工资:4000—5500(包吃包住,多坐班)
包吃包住保安人员(宝新科技园)
轻松坐班临时工19块1小时包吃包住
Diff:
+ 包吃包住 包吃包住 [bao1 chi1 bao1 zhu4] /to provide full board/

Change log entry 69128
Processed by: richwarm (2020-02-09 12:01:54 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65530 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Found in ABC, PLC, OCC, GF

Web
神气活现,汉语成语,拼音是shén qì huó xiàn,意思是自以为了不起而显示出来的得意和傲慢的样子。出自《一个秋天晚上》。
他取得了那么一点儿成绩,便~起来,真是让人接受不了。
---------------------------------------

Editor: We've already added this to the dictionary from another contributor's submission.
Diff:
# 神氣活現 神气活现 [shen2 qi4 huo2 xian4] /very cocky/high and mighty/

Change log entry 69040
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-31 22:43:25 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65535 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Found in PLC, OCC, GF

Web
党的十八大以来,以习近平同志为核心的党中央高度重视对外传播工作,强调要努力提高国际话语权,加强国际传播能力建设,精心构建对外话语体系,增强对外话语的创造力、感召力、公信力,讲好中国故事,传播好中国声音,阐释好中国特色。
-----------------------

Editor: some other examples I forgot to paste in ...

For Iran's clerical regime, gaining advanced nuclear technology means irresistible regional clout.
对于文官当政的伊朗来说,拥有先进的核技术意味着拥有无可比拟的地区话语权。

In vying for influence in Asia, China has many competitors.
在争夺亚洲话语权方面,中国敌手众多。

The new firm will represent a strong voice for European business on regulation and other key issues that affect the audit and accountancy profession - and its vital role in support of the global capital markets.
在商业规则以及其他影响审计、会计职业发展的关键领域,新的欧洲分所将拥有话语权,这一点对于全球资本市场而言是至关重要的。
Diff:
# 話語權 话语权 [hua4 yu3 quan2] /right to speak/

Change log entry 69039
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-31 22:39:09 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65535 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Found in PLC, OCC, GF

Web
党的十八大以来,以习近平同志为核心的党中央高度重视对外传播工作,强调要努力提高国际话语权,加强国际传播能力建设,精心构建对外话语体系,增强对外话语的创造力、感召力、公信力,讲好中国故事,传播好中国声音,阐释好中国特色。
-----------------------------------

Editor: It's described in the Baidu Baike article (话语权即说话的权力) and in dictionaries such as the following, as a *power* (權力) rather than a right (權利).
人們所應享有的發表見解的權力;特指強勢人物透過語言支配他人的權力。
https://www.moedict.tw/~%E8%A9%B1%E8%AA%9E%E6%AC%8A
(GF likewise)

Also, your example sentence talks about "increasing China's international huayuquan" (提高国际话语权).
You either have a right to speak or you don't. It's not something you try to "increase".

Examples:
使它被許多有具話語權的人看中
it is given great status by persons positioned to speak authoritatively

可以讓藝術有一點話語權,
They can see to it that art has a voice,

海外華測市場的競爭,事實上也是一場話語權的較勁。「考題牽涉文化內容與敘述方法,」陳郁仁表示,兩種測驗的題材內容自然會有差異。「對岸的漢語水平考試會談中國的題材,我們的TOCFL會放台灣的議題。」
Competition in the foreign market for Chinese language proficiency testing is really about linguistic dominance. “Test questions involve cultural content and narratives,” says Chen, explaining that the two tests’ content naturally differs. “Mainland China’s HSK uses mainland Chinese content. Our TOCFL brings in Taiwanese issues.”
Diff:
# 話語權 话语权 [hua4 yu3 quan2] /right to speak/
+ 話語權 话语权 [hua4 yu3 quan2] /ability to have one's say and be listened to/influence/clout/

Change log entry 68986
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-27 21:05:57 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65518 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Web
他们 仿佛一夜之间由男孩变成了男子汉,突然变得高大强健,英俊洒脱。
一夜之间大连旅顺一小区十余辆车车胎被扎,是谁在捣鬼?
这种大改革不会在一夜之间发生。
在金融服务业,人们可能在一夜之间名声大起抑或名誉扫地,然后再重建自己的名誉。
下面这户穷人一夜之间出名发财的故事戏剧性地说明了新闻报道的威力。
Diff:
+ 一夜之間 一夜之间 [yi1 ye4 zhi1 jian1] /overnight/

Change log entry 68960
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-25 17:21:38 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65509 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Found in PLC, ABC, OCC, GF

苏州一带出产的刺绣产品。劈丝匀细,用色秀丽典雅。
https://hanyu.baidu.com/s?wd=%E8%8B%8F%E7%BB%A3&from=zici
----------------------------------

Editor:
1) "Found in PLC, ABC, OCC, GF"
Yes, but *why* is it in all those dictionaries?

苏绣 is not just a random case of "{locality} + 绣". (There would be hundreds of those.) It's the name of one of the four major schools of Chinese embroidery.

"The Suzhou school is one of the four most famous schools of embroidery in China (the others being centred in Hunan, Guangdong, and Sichuan provinces)."
https://www.britannica.com/art/Suzhou-embroidery

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_embroidery#Major_styles


2) trad character: 綉 --> 繡
(蘇繡 is far more common than 蘇綉.)
Diff:
# 蘇綉 苏绣 [su1 xiu4] /Suzhou embroidery/
#
+ 蘇繡 苏绣 [Su1 xiu4] /Suzhou embroidery, one of the four major traditional styles of Chinese embroidery (the other three being 湘繡|湘绣[Xiang1 xiu4], 粵繡|粤绣[Yue4 xiu4] and 蜀繡|蜀绣[Shu3 xiu4])/
+ 粵繡 粤绣 [Yue4 xiu4] /Guangdong embroidery, one of the four major traditional styles of Chinese embroidery (the other three being 蘇繡|苏绣[Su1 xiu4], 湘繡|湘绣[Xiang1 xiu4] and 蜀繡|蜀绣[Shu3 xiu4])/
+ 蜀繡 蜀绣 [Shu3 xiu4] /Sichuan embroidery, one of the four major traditional styles of Chinese embroidery (the other three being 蘇繡|苏绣[Su1 xiu4], 湘繡|湘绣[Xiang1 xiu4] and 粵繡|粤绣[Yue4 xiu4])/
- 湘繡 湘绣 [Xiang1 xiu4] /Hunan embroidery/
+ 湘繡 湘绣 [Xiang1 xiu4] /Hunan embroidery, one of the four major traditional styles of Chinese embroidery (the other three being 蘇繡|苏绣[Su1 xiu4], 粵繡|粤绣[Yue4 xiu4] and 蜀繡|蜀绣[Shu3 xiu4])/

Change log entry 68914
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-18 02:02:10 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65507 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
From NEC:
但这不是一个简单的非黑即白的问题, 玛丽安娜。
But this isn't a simple black and white affair, Marianne.
Diff:
# 非黑即白 非黑即白 [fei1 hei1 ji2 bai2] /fig. black and white (e.g. a problem)/
+ 非黑即白 非黑即白 [fei1 hei1 ji2 bai2] /black-or-white (e.g. good or bad, with no middle ground)/

Change log entry 68910
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-17 15:18:51 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65512 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Found in ABC, HDD, ADS

他最终回醒过来,意识到自己的严重错误。

Editor: can be understood from 意识+到
Diff:
# 意識到 意识到 [yi4 shi5 dao4] /to realize/to recognize/to become aware/

Change log entry 68906
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-15 14:51:26 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65506 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Found in PLC

是指人脑加工、储存和提取信息的能力,即人们对事物的构成、性能与他物的关系、发展的动力、发展方向以及基本规律的把握能力。
https://hanyu.baidu.com/s?wd=%E8%AE%A4%E7%9F%A5%E8%83%BD%E5%8A%9B&from=zici

Editor: it's a word whose meaning can be readily understood from its components 认知+能力
Diff:
# 認知能力 认知能力 [ren4 zhi1 neng2 li4] /cognitive ability/

Change log entry 68905
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-15 14:39:25 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65513 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Found in ABC, PLC, OCC, ADS, GF
Diff:
+ 療養院 疗养院 [liao2 yang3 yuan4] /sanatorium/

Change log entry 68894
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-15 04:45:59 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65547 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Found in ABC, OCC, ADS

Web
风吹日晒是一个成语,读音是fēng chuī rì shài,意思是狂风吹,烈日晒。形容无所遮挡。
你风吹日晒地辛苦一年,连个痛快年也过不上。
----------------------------

Editor:

利用數片自家菜園歷經半年風吹日曬雨淋的大型畫布,作為播放多媒體影片的「岩壁」屏幕,作為播放多媒體影片的「岩壁」屏幕,極富巧思。
makes use of a large canvas that was left out exposed to the elements in his garden to serve as the screen for projecting film that is part of a multimedia work; it's all very creative.

無畏風吹日曬、斷水斷電,
Undaunted by the ocean winds and intense sunshine, unfazed by the unreliability of water and power supplies,

先在大蒸發池經過5天風吹日曬,讓海水鹽度慢慢從3%增加到11%;

算一算前後得經過二十幾天的風吹日曬,
the water is exposed to the sun and wind for over 20 days
Diff:
# 風吹日曬 风吹日晒 [feng1 chui1 ri4 shai4] /to be exposed to the elements/
+ 風吹日曬 风吹日晒 [feng1 chui1 ri4 shai4] /(idiom) to be exposed to the elements/

Change log entry 68881
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-14 12:56:26 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65529 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Found in ABC

Found in Book: Developing Chinese, Advanced Comprehensive Course 1
-> 台湾人对高山族人的称呼。

Editor: thanks for your submission. Someone else already submitted this entry a while ago, so we'll process it soon.
Diff:
# 山胞 山胞 [shan1 bao1] /Gaoshan nationality (indigenous people of Taiwan)/

Change log entry 68854
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-12 18:06:54 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65502 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
ABC, PLC, ADS use the fifth tone on the ji

As far as I can tell that's also the pronounciation used here:
https://baike.baidu.com/item/%E6%BB%91%E7%A8%BD/19219706

Editor: but Guifan and Oxford dictionaries use 1st tone..
Diff:
# - 滑稽 滑稽 [hua2 ji1] /comical/funny/amusing/old pr. [gu3 ji1]/huaji, a form of comedy performance popular in Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang/
# + 滑稽 滑稽 [hua2 ji5] /comical/funny/amusing/old pr. [gu3 ji1]/huaji, a form of comedy performance popular in Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang/

Change log entry 68845
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-12 17:36:15 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65531 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Found in PLC, OCC, ADS, HDD

See also the male Oedipus complex: 恋母情结
Diff:
+ 戀父情結 恋父情结 [lian4 fu4 qing2 jie2] /Electra complex/

Change log entry 68835
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-10 22:24:56 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65510 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Found in PLC

形容心情不好,思绪很乱。
https://hanyu.baidu.com/s?wd=%E6%96%B9%E5%AF%B8%E5%A4%A7%E4%B9%B1&from=zici
------------------------------------

Editor: Yes, well ...
方寸 means "heart/mind",
大 means "very much", and
乱 means "in confusion or disorder".
(Those are all in cc-cedict already.)

Example:
到了每年春、秋兩季的發情期時,海豚小姐會做出尾部朝上的姿勢,向海豚先生示意。有一次因此造成海豚先生方寸大亂、無法專注表演,...
"During the mating periods (which occur once in Spring and again in Autumn), the female [dolphin] signals the males by raising her tail. Once, this caused the males to be unable to concentrate on the performance [at the dolphinarium] ..."
Diff:
# 方寸大亂 方寸大乱 [fang1 cun4 da4 luan4] /greatly agitated/ with one's mind in a turmoil/ be completely lost/
+ 方寸大亂 方寸大乱 [fang1 cun4 da4 luan4] /(idiom) to become agitated/to get worked up/

Change log entry 68832
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-09 02:10:05 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65511 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Found in ABC, PLC
Diff:
# 方寸已亂 方寸已乱 [fang1 cun4 yi3 luan4] /greatly agitated/ with one's mind in a turmoil/
+ 方寸已亂 方寸已乱 [fang1 cun4 yi3 luan4] /(idiom) confused/troubled/bewildered/

Change log entry 68831
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-08 22:16:45 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65520 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Found in ABC, PLC, ADS
All using "doctrine of the mean" as translation

Baidu Baike
中庸之道,汉语成语,拼音是 zhōng yōng zhī dào,意思是指不偏不倚,折中调和的处世态度。出自《论语·庸也》。
-----------------------------------

Editor:
1) It's another term that can be understood as a sum of parts.

2) Re: "All using 'doctrine of the mean' as translation"
Keep in mind that both ABC and PLC are both largely derivative of
Wei Dongya, ed. 《汉英词典》A Chinese-English Dictionary.
It's not surprising that many of their definitions are identical or very similar.
Diff:
# 中庸之道 中庸之道 [zhong1 yong1 zhi1 dao4] /doctrine of the mean/
+ 中庸之道 中庸之道 [zhong1 yong1 zhi1 dao4] /doctrine of the mean/moderation in all things/

Change log entry 68829
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-08 21:05:41 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65546 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Could be argued that it's just a combination of 莞尔+一笑, but OCC and ABC both have this separate entry with "to give a faint/soft smile" as definition, which is different from 莞尔 = smiling.

Baidu Baike
莞尔一笑是一个汉语成语,拼音是wǎn ěr yī xiào,形容微笑。意思是说,于是互相展颜微笑 。出自《论语·阳货》:“夫子莞尔而笑曰:‘杀鸡焉用牛刀!”
---------------------------------------------

Editor:
1) Based on other dictionary definitions and examples of usage, I would say that "faint" is going a bit too far. As for "soft", I think a typical smile is "soft", so there isn't much difference between "to smile" and "to give a soft smile".

2) 莞爾 is a verb: "to smile" (or "to give a soft smile" if you prefer). It's effectively an abbreviated form of 莞爾一笑.

3) I'll accept 莞尔一笑, but I want to point out that, like previous submissions of yours, it's marginal in terms of the value it adds to the dictionary.
Please submit words that aren't more or less the sum of their parts:
无污染 = 无 + 污染
非主流 = 非 + 主流
and so on.

A word like 非主流 tends to generate debate between us editors about whether it's worth including, which wastes time really.
We'd prefer to work on new words or fix mistakes in existing entries.
Diff:
# 莞爾一笑 莞尔一笑 [wan3 er3 yi1 xiao4] /to give a soft smile/
# Editor:
- 莞爾 莞尔 [wan3 er3] /smiling/
+ 莞爾 莞尔 [wan3 er3] /(literary) to smile/
+ 莞爾一笑 莞尔一笑 [wan3 er3 yi1 xiao4] /(literary) to smile/

Change log entry 68828
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-08 01:07:53 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65519 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Found in ADS

Web
只有一部性能卓越和外形完美的汽车才配称作是一个时代的见证者。
是那个混乱时代的孤独见证者。
我相信那些见证者,尤其是幸存者,起着非常重要的作用。
9. 我们都是奇迹的见证者
We are all witnesses of miracles!

10. 但在他短暂的一生中,他不仅仅是历史性变革的见证者,而且还是它们的创造者。
But in his short life he did not just see historic changes, he brought them about.

11. 你需要支持你说法的见证者。
You'll need to have witnesses to back up your story.
-----------------------------------

Editor:
1) Typo: the word is 见证者, not what you submitted (见证这).

2) It doesn't really add much value to have a word like 见证者 since we have 见证 ("to be witness to ...") and 者 ("one who ..."), so 见证者 is "one who is witness to something", i.e. a witness.

3) The fact that something is in ADS isn't necessarily relevant. They have all sorts of bits and pieces in Adso, if I recall correctly.
Diff:
# 見證這 见证这 [jian4 zheng4 zhe3] /witness/

Change log entry 68827
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-07 22:32:40 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65521 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Web
“那还用说,”理发师斩钉截铁地说。
那还用说,肯定是男朋友赔礼道歉,不管对与错,请求女友原谅。
那还用说,我也杀了几个人。

https://zhidao.baidu.com/question/1696984096665038468.html
Diff:
+ 那還用説 那还用说 [na4 hai2 yong4 shuo1] /that goes without saying/

Change log entry 68825
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-07 00:35:40 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65548 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Found in ABC, PLC, OCC, GF

Baidu hanyu
表示惊讶或赞叹:~,外边真冷!。~,这艘船真大!
----------------------------

Editor: examples ~

不過我聽說去年一年,營造業被裁掉十萬多人,乖乖,十萬多人耶,真是一群螻蟻,老板要你活你就活,要你死你就死!
Though I heard that last year the construction industry laid off more than 100,000 workers. Amazing, more than 100,000 people, just think! Such a group of ants-when the boss says live you live, and when he says die you die.

Oh, boy. The groom's guests are all his business associates .
乖乖! 新郎的客人都是些和他有工作关系的人。

Great Godfrey! Uncle Willie is sitting on top of the flagpole.
乖乖!威利叔叔坐在旗竿上了。

"Lordy, what did you do?
“乖乖,你干了什么?
Diff:
# 乖乖 乖乖 [guai1 guai5] /Good gracious!/
+ 乖乖 乖乖 [guai1 guai5] /goodness gracious!/oh my lord!/
+ 乖乖 乖乖 [guai1 guai1] /(of a child) well-behaved/obediently/(term of endearment for a child) darling/sweetie/

Change log entry 68821
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-05 22:59:28 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65503 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Found in ABC, PLC and OCC
---------------------------

Editor: Not necessarily 1949.

E.g. 清末民初知識界對過去徹底反省,與對新事物的嚮往,造成的是對舊社會的厭惡,與對西方的一知半解。
"What was created in the closing years of the Qing and the early years of the Republic by the intelligentsia's complete reappraisal of the past and their yearning for something new, was a loathing for tradition combined with a very superficial understanding of the West."

旧社会 can be understood as 旧 + 社会.
Diff:
# 舊社會 旧社会 [jiu4 she4 hui4] /old society (referring to China before 1949)/

Change log entry 68818
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-05 11:40:08 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65516 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Found in PLC, ADS, GF

GF: 在工作非常忙的时候。

指工作十分繁忙。
https://www.baidu.com/s?ie=utf-8&f=8&rsv_bp=1&rsv_idx=1&tn=baidu&wd=%E7%99%BE%E5%BF%99%E4%B9%8B%E4%B8%AD%20%E6%84%8F%E6%80%9D&oq=%25E7%2599%25BE%25E5%25BF%2599%25E4%25B9%258B%25E4%25B8%25AD&rsv_pq=e5e2af5f000b64a5&rsv_t=28ab48bzozZ6SSOoxIAY5vu9PNyrdi7geIrqmXz8tWy5hIeCGpGRsL68Wm0&rqlang=cn&rsv_enter=1&rsv_dl=tb&inputT=1994&rsv_sug3=57&rsv_sug1=28&rsv_sug7=100&rsv_sug2=0&rsv_sug4=2729
-------------------------------------

Editor: the meaning is clear enough from the entries for 百忙 and 之中
Diff:
# 百忙之中 百忙之中 [bai3 mang2 zhi1 zhong1] /to be very busy/

Change log entry 68816
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-05 04:58:46 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65537 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Found in PLC, OCC, ADS, GF

Web
是指在记账的基础上计算反映企业的经营活动和成果或行政事业单位预算资金的收支或结余。
---------------------------------

Editor: Technically, we already have it, but in the variant form 算帐.
Since 算账 is more common and is considered a more correct form (at least by some), I'll make it the headword of our entry.
Diff:
# 算賬 算账 [suan4 zhang4] /settle or balance accounts/get even with sb./
- 算帳 算帐 [suan4 zhang4] /to reckon (accounting)/to balance an account/fig. to settle an account/to get one's revenge/
+ 算賬 算账 [suan4 zhang4] /(accounting) to work out accounts/to balance the books/(fig.) to settle an account/to get one's revenge/

Change log entry 68804
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-03 16:37:42 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65532 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Web
果酱是把水果、糖及酸度调节剂混合后,用超过100℃温度熬制而成的凝胶物质,也叫果子酱。

Editor: we already have an entry for 果酱 /jam/, which should be sufficient.
Diff:
# 果醬 果酱 [guo3 jiang4] /marmalade/jam/variant of 果子醬|果子酱[guo3 zi5 jiang4]/

Change log entry 68803
Processed by: goldyn_chyld (2020-01-03 16:30:25 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65504 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Found in ABC and PLC

Used in the book:
Developing Chinese, 2nd Edition, Advanced Comprehensive Course 1, Chapter 2

没有什么不谈论。即什么都谈。
https://hanyu.baidu.com/zici/s?wd=%E6%97%A0%E6%89%80%E4%B8%8D%E8%B0%88&query=%E6%97%A0%E6%89%80%E4%B8%8D%E8%B0%88&srcid=28232&from=kg0
Diff:
# 無所不談 无所不谈 [wu2 suo3 bu4 tan2] /talk about everything/ nothing is kept secret/
+ 無所不談 无所不谈 [wu2 suo3 bu4 tan2] /to talk about everything/

Change log entry 68799
Processed by: richwarm (2020-01-03 04:26:45 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65536 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Found in HDD, PLC

Web
我们主要生产纯天然,无污染,纯手工的棉花被芯。
皖云·800颂系列产自海拔800米的纯天然、无污染的大别山区,这里峰峦叠嶂,土壤肥沃,雨量充沛,云雾弥漫。
打造“纯天然、无污染、安全健康”的草原鸭品牌,是塞飞亚决策者们始终坚定不移追求的奋斗目标。
----------------------------

Editor: We feel this is unnecessary because 无污染 can be understood as 无 + 污染.
Diff:
# 無污染 无污染 [wu2 wu1 ran3] /pollution-free/

Change log entry 68798
Processed by: vermillon (2020-01-03 00:56:43 GMT)
Comment: << review queue entry 65517 - submitted by 'pepe' >>
Found in
HDD
PLC: from the bottom of one's heart, from one's heart of hearts, from one's heart

Web
心理学:一个人从心底里看不起你时,才会有这3个表现!
约书亚从心底里相信神的应许一定成就。
editor: this is just a very transparent phrase
Diff:
# 從心底(裏|裡) 从心底里 [cong2 xin1 di3 li3] /from the bottom of one's heart/

Navigation:  ▶ 

By MDBG 2020
Privacy and cookies
Help wanted: the CC-CEDICT project is looking for new volunteer editors!